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St. Peter‟s Institute of Higher Education and Research (Declared under section 3

of UGC Act 1956) Avadi, Chennai – 600 054.





(With a retrospective amendment in the credits from the batch

of students admitted in 2014-15)

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To achieve, Academic Excellence in Engineering, Technology and Science through Teaching, Research and Extension to Society

Mission By generating, preserving and disseminating knowledge through rigorous academic study, inquisitiveness to understand and explore nature, entrepreneurship with

creativity and innovation

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Vision To develop Health oriented Engineering technologies and to enhance and

improve the health status of the Nation.

Mission To produce academically qualified research oriented and professionally eminent

Biomedical Engineers to serve the field of medicine with their Engineering skills.

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PEO1 - To enable the graduates to demonstrate their skills in solving challenges in their chosen field

through the core foundation and knowledge acquired in engineering and biology.

PEO2 - To enable the graduates to exhibit leadership, make decisions with societal and ethical

responsibilities, function and communicate effectively in multidisciplinary settings.

PEO3 - To ensure that graduates will recognize the need for sustaining and expanding their technical

competence and engage in learning opportunities throughout their careers.


Engineering Graduates will be able to:

1. Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering

fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.

2. Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering

problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences,

and engineering sciences.

3. Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design

system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the

public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.

4. Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research-based knowledge and research

methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the

information to provide valid conclusions.

5. Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern

engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with an

understanding of the limitations.

6. The engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess

societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the

professional engineering practice.

7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional engineering solutions

in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable


8. Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of

the engineering practice.

9. Individual and team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in

diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.

10. Communication: Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering

community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports

and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.

11. Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the

engineering and management principles and apply these to one„s own work, as a member and leader in

a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.

12. Life-long learning: Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in

independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

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1) To design and develop diagnostic and therapeutic devices that reduces physician burnout and

enhance the quality of life for the end user by applying fundamentals of Biomedical Engineering.

2) To apply software skills in developing algorithms for solving healthcare related problems in various

fields of Medical sector.

3) To adapt to emerging information and communication technologies (ICT) to innovate ideas and

solutions for current societal and scientific issues thereby developing indigenous medical instruments

that are on par with the existing technology

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Regulations -2013

Regulations and Syllabi

(Effective from the Academic Year 2013-‘2014)

(With a retrospective amendment in the credits from the batch of students admitted in 2014-15)

1. Eligibility: (1) Candidates who passed the following Examination or any other equivalent Examination there

to and who appeared for the entrance test conducted by the University or approved institutions

wherever prescribed are eligible for admission to Four Year B.E. (Bio - Medical Engineering)


Higher Secondary Examination with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry conducted by

the Government of Tamil Nadu or its equivalent in the relevant subjects as recognized by the Institute.

(2) Candidates who passed Three Year Diploma in Technical Education in the concerned subject

conducted by the Government of Tamil Nadu are eligible for admission to Second Year of Four Year B.E. (Bio - Medical Engineering) Programme.

2. Duration: Four Years comprising 8 Semesters. Each semester has a minimum 90 working days

with a minimum of 5 hours a day and a minimum of 450 hours Per Semester. Candidates who

have completed the duration of the programme of study are permitted to appear for the arrear subjects examinations, if any within two years after the duration of the programme.

3. Medium: English is the medium of instruction and examinations.

4. Weight age for Continuous and End Assessment: The weight age for Continuous Assessment

(CA) and End Assessment (EA) is 25:75 unless the ratio is specifically mentioned in the scheme of Examinations. The Question Paper is to be set for a maximum of 100 Marks.

5. Choice Based Credit System: Choice Based Credit System is followed with one credit

equivalent to one hour for a theory paper and two hours for a practical per week in a cycle of 18 weeks (that is, one credit is equal to 18 hours for each theory paper and one credit is equal to 36 hours for a practical in a semester) in the Time Table. The total credits for the programme (8 semesters) is 186.

6. Scheme of Examinations I Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


113EHT01 Technical English – I 3 1 0 4

113MAT02 Mathematics – I 3 1 0 4

113PHT03 Engineering Physics – I 3 0 0 3

113CYT04 Engineering Chemistry – I 3 0 0 3

113CPT05 Computer Programming 3 0 0 3

113EGT06 Engineering Graphics 2 0 3 4


113CLP01 Computer Practices Laboratory 0 0 3 2

113ELP02 Engineering Practices Laboratory 0 0 3 2

113PCP03 Physics and Chemistry Laboratory – I 0 0 2 1

Total 17 2 11 26


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II Semester


Code No. Course Title L T P C


213EHT01 Technical English – II 3 1 0 4

213MAT02 Mathematics – II 3 1 0 4

213PHT03 Engineering Physics – II 3 0 0 3

213CYT04 Engineering Chemistry – II 3 0 0 3

213ECT05 Electronic Devices and Circuits(Bio Medical) 3 1 0 4

213EDT05 Electronic Devices(ECE)

213CTT06 Circuit Theory 3 1 0 4


213PCP01 Physics and Chemistry Laboratory - II 0 0 2 1

213CDP02 Circuits and Devices Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 18 4 5 25

III Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


313MAT01 Transforms and Partial Differential Equations 3 1 0 4

313BMT02 Bio Chemistry 3 0 0 3

313BMT03 Signals and Systems 3 1 0 4

313BMT04 Sensors and Measurements 3 0 0 3

313BMT05 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures 3

0 3

313BMT06 Anatomy and Human Physiology 3 0 0 3


313BMP01 Bio Chemistry and Human Physiology Laboratory 0 0 3 2

313BMP02 OOPS and Data Structures Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 18 2 6 24

IV Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


413BMT01 Probability and Random Processes 3 1 0 4

413BMT02 Medical physics 3 0 0 3

413BMT03 Basics of Electrical Engineering 3 0 0 3

413BMT04 Analog and Digital ICs 3 0 0 3

413BMT05 Pathology and Microbiology 3 0 0 3

413BMT06 Environmental Science and Engineering 3 0 0 3


413BMP01 Circuits and ICs Laboratory 0 0 3 2

413BMP02 Pathology and Microbiology Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 18 1 6 23


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V Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


513BMT01 Bio Control Systems 3 1 0 4

513BMT02 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment – I 3 0 0 3

513BMT03 Bio Materials and Artificial Organs 3 0 0 3

513BMT04 Biomedical Instrumentation 3 0 0 3

513BMT05 Microprocessor and Microcontroller 3 0 0 3

513BMT06 Hospital Management 3 0 0 3


513BMP01 Microprocessor and Microcontroller Laboratory 0 0 3 2

513BMP02 Bio Medical Instrumentation Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 18 1 6 23

VI Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


613BMT01 Radiological Equipment 3 0 0 3

613BMT02 Biomechanics 3 0 0 3

613BMT03 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment – II 3 0 0 3

613BMT04 Principles of Digital Signal Processing 3 1 0 4

613BMT05 Analog and Digital Communication 3 0 0 3

Elective –I: 3 0 0 3


613BMP01 Digital Signal Processing Laboratory 0 0 3 2

613BMP02 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment 0 0 3 2


613BMP03 Communication and Soft Skills Lab 0 0 4 2

Total 18 1 10 25

VII Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


713BMT01 Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks 3 0 0 3

713BMT02 Medical Informatics 3 0 0 3

713BMT03 Medical Optics 3 0 0 3

713BMT04 Digital Image Processing 3 0 0 3

Elective II: 3 0 0 3

Elective III: 3 0 0 3


713BMP01 Hospital Training 0 0 3 2

713BMP02 Digital Image Processing Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 18 0 6 22


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VIII Semester

Code No. Course Title L T P C


813BMT01 Rehabilitation Engineering 3 0 0 3

Elective IV: 3 0 0 3

Elective V: 3 0 0 3

Elective VI: 3 0 0 3


813BMP01 Project Work 0 0 12 6

Viva voce

Total 12 0 12 18


Course Code Electives L T P C

SEMESTER VI –(Elective I)

613BMT06 Biofluids and Dynamics 3 0 0 3

613BMT07 Biometric Systems 3 0 0 3

613BMT08 Virtual Reality 3 0 0 3

613BMT09 Computer Organisation 3 0 0 3


713BMT05 Physiological Modeling 3 0 0 3

713BMT06 Bio Informatics 3 0 0 3

713BMT07 Total Quality Management 3 0 0 3

713BMT08 Telehealth Technology 3 0 0 3


713BMT09 Nano Electronics 3 0 0 3

713BMT10 Embedded and Real time Systems 3 0 0 3

713BMT11 Computer Networks 3 0 0 3

713BMT12 VLSI Design 3 0 0 3


813BMT02 Internet and Java Programming 3 0 0 3

813BMT03 Neural Engineering 3 0 0 3

813BMT04 Bio MEMS 3 0 0 3

813BMT05 Assist Devices 3 0 0 3

813BMT06 Ad hoc and Sensor Networks 3 0 0 3


813BMT07 Fiber Optics and Lasers in Medicine 3 0 0 3

813BMT08 Computer Hardware and Interfacing 3 0 0 3

813BMT09 Soft Computing 3 0 0 3

813BMT10 Professional Ethics in Engineering 3 0 0 3

813BMT11 Body Area Networks 3 0 0 3


813BMT12 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 3 0 0 3

813BMT13 Speech Processing 3 0 0 3

813BMT14 Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 3

813BMT15 Rapid Prototyping 3 0 0 3

813BMT16 Wearable Systems 3 0 0 3

7. Passing Requirements: The minimum pass marks (raw score) be 50% in End Assessment (EA)

and 50% in Continuous Assessment (CA) and End Assessment (EA) put together. No minimum mark (raw score) in Continuous Assessment (CA) be prescribed unless it is specifically mentioned

in the scheme of Examination.


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8. Grading System: Grading System on a 10 Point Scale be followed with 1 mark = 0.1 Grade point to successful candidates as given below.


(1 mark = 0.1 Grade Point on a 10 Point Scale)

Range of Marks Grade Point Letter Grade Classification

90 to 100 9.0 to 10.0 O First Class

80 to 89 8.0 to 8.9 A First Class

70 to 79 7.0 to 7.9 B First Class

60 to 69 6.0 to 6.9 C First Class

50 to 59 5.0 to 5.9 D Second Class

0 to 49 0 to 4.9 F Reappearance

Procedure for Calculation

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) = Sum of Weighted Grade Points

Total Credits

= ∑ (CA+EA) C


Where Weighted Grade Points in each Course = Grade Points (CA+EA) multiplied by Credits

= (CA+EA)C

Weighted Cumulative Percentage of Marks(WCPM) = CGPAx10

C- Credit, CA-Continuous Assessment, EA- End Assessment

9. Pattern of the Question Paper: The question paper for End Assessment will be set for three hours and for the maximum of 100 marks with following divisions and details.

Part A: 10 questions (with equal distribution to all units in the syllabus).

Each question carries 2 marks.

Part B: 5 questions with either or type (with equal distribution to all

units in the syllabus). Each question carries 16 marks.

The total marks scored by the candidates will be reduced to the maximum prescribed

in the Regulations.

10. Effective Period of Operation for the Arrear Candidates :Two Year grace period

is Provided for the candidates to complete the arrear examination, if any.


11. Syllabus


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I Semester


AIM: To encourage students to actively involve in participative learning of English and to help them acquire Communication Skills.


1. To help students develop listening skills for academic and professional purposes.

2. To help students acquire the ability to speak effectively in English in real-life situations. 3. To inculcate reading habit and to develop effective reading skills.

4. To help students improve their active and passive vocabulary.

5. To familiarize students with different rhetorical functions of scientific English.

6. To enable students write letters and reports effectively in formal and business situations.


General Vocabulary - changing words from one form to another - Adjectives, comparative adjectives – Adverbs - Active and passive voice – Tenses - simple present, present continuous - Adverb forms – Nouns – compound nouns - Skimming and scanning - Listening and transfer of information – bar

chart, flowchart - Paragraph writing, description – Discussing as a group and making an oral report on the points discussed, conversation techniques - convincing others.

Suggested activities:

1. Matching words & meanings - Using words in context – Making sentences.

2. Changing sentences from active to passive voice & vice versa. 3. Skimming, cloze exercises, exercises transferring information from text to graphic form –

bar charts, flow charts.

4. Writing descriptions using descriptive words & phrases, and technical vocabulary. 5. Role play, conversation exercises, discussions, oral reporting exercises

Any other related relevant classroom activity


Vocabulary – prefixes & suffixes – simple past tense - Spelling and punctuation – „wh‟ Question

forms - Scanning, inference - Listening & note-taking - Paragraph writing - comparison and contrast - Creative thinking and speaking.

Suggested Activities:

1. (a) Vocabulary activities using prefixes and suffixes.

(b) Exercises using questions – asking & answering questions. 2. Scanning the text for specific information 3. Listening guided note-taking - Writing paragraphs using notes, giving suitable headings

and subheadings for paragraphs. Using expressions of comparison and contrast. 4. Discussion activities and exploring creative ideas.

Any other related relevant classroom activity

UNIT III Tenses - simple past, simple future and past perfect - Reading in Context -Listening & note-taking – single line – Definitions – sequencing of sentences – instruction - Persuasive speaking.

Suggested activities: 1. Providing appropriate context for the use of tenses

2. Listening and note-taking

3. (a) Writing sentence definitions, instructions (b) Identifying the discourse links and sequencing jumbled sentences / writing instructions

4. Speaking exercises, discussions, role play exercises using explaining, convincing and persuasive strategies Any other related relevant classroom activity.


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UNIT IV Modal verbs and Probability – Concord subject verb agreement – Correction of errors - Cause

and effect expressions – Extended Definition - Speaking about the future plans.

Suggested activities: 1. a. Making sentences using modal verbs to express probability b.

Gap filling using relevant grammatical form of words.

2. Writing extended definitions 3. Speaking - role play activities, discussions, extempore speaking exercises speculating about

the future. 4. Any other related relevant classroom activity

UNIT V „If‟ conditionals – Gerunds - Intensive reading - Speaking – Presentation of problems & solutions

- Itinerary – planning for an industrial visit - Formal Letter writing – Letter to the editor,

invititation letter, accepting, declining letter and permission letter.

Suggested activities:

1. a) Sentence completion exercises using „If‟ conditionals.

b) Gap filling exercises using gerunds and present participle forms

2. Reading comprehension exercises. 3. Role play, discussion, debating and speaking activities for stating, discussing problems and

suggesting solutions. 4. Planning a tour, Writing a travel itinerary. Writing letters to officials and to

the editor in formal/official contexts. Any other related relevant classroom activity


Learners should be able to:

Speak clearly, confidently, comprehensibly, and communicate with one or many listeners


appropriate communicative strategies.

Write cohesively and coherently and flawlessly avoiding grammatical errors, using a wide

vocabulary range, organizing their ideas logically on a topic.

Read different genres of texts adopting various reading strategies.

Listen/view and comprehend different spoken discourses/excerpts in different accents.


1. Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Anna University, „English for Engineers and

Technologists‟ Combined Edition (Volumes 1 & 2), Chennai: Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd., 2006.

Themes 1 – 4 (Resources, Energy, Computer, Transport)


1. Meenakshi Raman and Sangeeta Sharma, „Technical Communication English skills for Engineers‟, Oxford University Press, 2008.

2. Andrea, J. Rutherford, „Basic Communication Skills for Technology‟, Second Edition, Pearson

Education, 2007.

Extensive Reading: A.P.J.Abdul Kalam with Arun Tiwari, „Wings of Fire‟ An Autobiography, University Press (India)

Pvt. th

NOTE: The book given under Extensive Reading is meant for inculcating the reading habit of the students.

They need not be used for testing purposes.


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To develop the use of matrix algebra techniques this is needed by engineers for practical applications.

To make the student knowledgeable in the area of infinite series and their convergence so that he/ she will be familiar with limitations of using infinite series approximations for solutions arising in mathematical modeling.

To familiarize the student with functions of several variables. This is needed in many branches of engineering.

To introduce the concepts of improper integrals, Gamma, Beta and Error functions which are needed in engineering applications.

To acquaint the student with mathematical tools needed in evaluating multiple integrals and their usage.

UNIT I MATRICES Eigen values and Eigenvectors of a real matrix – Characteristic equation – Properties of eigenvalues

and eigenvectors – Statement and applications of Cayley-Hamilton Theorem – Diagonalization of

matrices – Reduction of a quadratic form to canonical form by orthogonal transformation – Nature of

quadratic forms.


Sequences: Definition and examples – Series: Types and Convergence – Series of positive terms – Tests of convergence: Comparison test, Integral test and D‟Alembert‟s ratio test – Alternating series

– Leibnitz‟s test – Series of positive and negative terms – Absolute and conditional convergence.

UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 9+3 Curvature in Cartesian co-ordinates – Centre and radius of curvature – Circle of curvature – Evolutes

– Envelopes - Evolute as envelope of normals.

UNIT IV DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES 9+3 Limits and Continuity – Partial derivatives – Total derivative – Differentiation of implicit functions – Jacobian and properties – Taylor‟s series for functions of two variables – Maxima and minima of

functions of two variables – Lagrange‟s method of undetermined multipliers.

UNIT V MULTIPLE INTEGRALS Double integrals in cartesian and polar coordinates – Change of order of integration – Area enclosed by

plane curves – Change of variables in double integrals – Area of a curved surface - Triple integrals

– Volume of Solids.


This course equips students to have basic knowledge and understanding in one fields of

materials, integral and differential calculus.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Bali N. P and Manish Goyal, “A Text book of Engineering Mathematics”, Eighth Edition, Laxmi

Publications Pvt Ltd., (2011). 2. Grewal. B.S, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 41

st Edition, Khanna Publications, Delhi,


REFERENCES: 1. Dass, H.K., and Er. Rajnish Verma,” Higher Engineering Mathematics”, S. Chand Private Ltd.,


2. Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics”, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education,

(2012). 3. Peter V. O‟Neil,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 7th Edition, Cengage learning, (2012).

Ramana B.V, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New

Delhi, (2008).


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OBJECTIVE: To enhance the fundamental knowledge in Physics and its applications relevant to various streams of Engineering and Technology.

UNIT I CRYSTAL PHYSICS Lattice – Unit cell – Bravais lattice – Lattice planes – Miller indices – d spacing in cubic lattice –

Calculation of number of atoms per unit cell – Atomic radius – Coordination number – Packing factor

for SC, BCC, FCC and HCP structures – Diamond and graphite structures (qualitative treatment)-Crystal growth techniques –solution, melt (Bridgman and Czochralski) and vapour growth

techniques (qualitative)

UNIT II PROPERTIES OF MATTER AND THERMAL PHYSICS 9 Elasticity- Hooke‟s law - Relationship between three modulii of elasticity (qualitative) – stress -strain

diagram – Poisson‟s ratio –Factors affecting elasticity –Bending moment – Depression of a cantilever –Young‟s modulus by uniform bending- I-shaped girders Modes of heat transfer- thermal conductivity- Newton‟s law of cooling - Linear heat flow – Lee‟s disc

method – Radial heat flow – Rubber tube method – conduction through compound media (series and parallel)

UNIT III QUANTUM PHYSICS Black body radiation – Planck‟s theory (derivation) – Deduction of Wien‟s displacement law and

Rayleigh – Jeans‟ Law from Planck‟s theory – Compton effect. Theory and experimental verification

– Properties of Matter waves – G.P Thomson experiment -Schrödinger‟s wave equation – Time

independent and time dependent equations – Physical significance of wave function – Particle in a

one dimensional box - Electron microscope - Scanning electron microscope - Transmission electron


UNIT IV ACOUSTICS AND ULTRASONICS Classification of Sound- decibel- Weber–Fechner law – Sabine‟s formula- derivation using growth and

decay method – Absorption Coefficient and its determination –factors affecting acoustics of buildings

and their remedies. Production of ultrasonic by magnetostriction and piezoelectric methods - acoustic

grating -Non Destructive Testing – pulse echo system through transmission and reflection modes -

A,B and C – scan displays, Medical applications - Sonogram

UNIT V PHOTONICS AND FIBRE OPTICS Spontaneous and stimulated emission- Population inversion -Einstein‟s A and B coefficients -

derivation. Types of lasers – Nd:YAG, CO2 , Semiconductor lasers (hom*ojunction & heterojunction)-

Industrial and Medical Applications. Principle and propagation of light in optical fibres – Numerical

aperture and Acceptance angle - Types of optical fibres (material, refractive index, mode) –

attenuation, dispersion, bending - Fibre Optical Communication system (Block diagram) - Active

and passive fibre sensors- Endoscope.


The students will have knowledge on the basics of physics related to properties of matter, Optics,

acoustics etc., and they will apply these fundamental principles to solve practical problems related to

materials used for engineering applications


1. Arumugam M. Engineering Physics. Anuradha publishers, 2010 2. Gaur R.K. and Gupta S.L. Engineering Physics. Dhanpat Rai publishers, 2009


1. Searls and Zemansky. University Physics, 2009

2. Mani P. Engineering Physics I. Dhanam Publications, 2011 3. Marikani A. Engineering Physics. PHI Learning Pvt., India, 2009

4. Palanisamy P.K. Engineering Physics. SCITECH Publications, 2011

5. Rajagopal K. Engineering Physics. PHI, New Delhi, 2011

6. Senthilkumar G. Engineering Physics I. VRB Publishers, 2011


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UNIT I POLYMER CHEMISTRY Introduction: Classification of polymers – Natural and synthetic; Thermoplastic and Thermosetting. Functionality – Degree of polymerization. Types and mechanism of polymerization: Addition (Free

Radical, cationic and anionic); condensation and copolymerization. Properties of polymers: Tg, Tacticity, Molecular weight – weight average, number average and polydispersity index.

Techniques of polymerization: Bulk, emulsion, solution and suspension. Preparation, properties and

uses of Nylon 6,6, and Epoxy resin.

UNIT II CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS Terminology of thermodynamics - Second law: Entropy - entropy change for an ideal gas, reversible and irreversible processes; entropy of phase transitions; Clausius inequality. Free energy and work

function: Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy functions (problems); Criteria of spontaneity; Gibbs-

Helmholtz equation (problems); Clausius-Clapeyron equation; Maxwell relations – Van‟t Hoff

isotherm and isochore(problems).

UNIT III PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND SPECTROSCOPY Photochemistry: Laws of photochemistry - Grotthuss–Draper law, Stark–Einstein law and Lambert-

Beer Law. Quantum efficiency – determination- Photo processes - Internal Conversion, Inter-system

crossing, Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, Chemiluminescence and Photo-sensitization. Spectroscopy: Electromagnetic spectrum - Absorption of radiation – Electronic, Vibrational and

rotational transitions. UV-visible and IR spectroscopy – principles, instrumentation (Block diagram


UNIT IV PHASE RULE AND ALLOYS Phase rule: Introduction, definition of terms with examples, One Component System- water system - Reduced phase rule - Two Component Systems- classification – lead-silver system, zinc-

magnesium system. Alloys: Introduction- Definition- Properties of alloys- Significance of alloying,

Functions and effect of alloying elements- Ferrous alloys- Nichrome and Stainless steel – heat

treatment of steel; Non-ferrous alloys – brass and bronze.

UNIT V NANOCHEMISTRY Basics - distinction between molecules, nanoparticles and bulk materials; size-dependent properties. nanoparticles: nano cluster, nano rod, nanotube(CNT) and nanowire. Synthesis: precipitation, thermolysis, hydrothermal, solvothermal, electrodeposition, chemical vapour deposition, laserablation; Properties and applications. OUTCOMES:

The knowledge gained on polymer chemistry, thermodynamics. spectroscopy, phase rule and nano materials will provide a strong platform to understand the concepts on these subjects for further learning.


1. Jain P.C. and Monica Jain, “Engineering Chemistry”, Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2010

2. Kannan P., Ravikrishnan A., “Engineering Chemistry”, Sri Krishna Hi-tech Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2009


1. Dara S.S, Umare S.S, “Engineering Chemistry”, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi 2010 2. Sivasankar B., “Engineering Chemistry”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Ltd.,

New Delhi, 2008.

3. Gowariker V.R. , Viswanathan N.V. and JayadevSreedhar, “Polymer Science”, New Age

International P (Ltd.,), Chennai, 2006. 4. Ozin G. A. and Arsenault A. C., “Nanochemistry: A Chemical Approach to Nanomaterials”, RSC

Publishing, 2005.


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UNIT I INTRODUCTION Generation and Classification of Computers- Basic Organization of a Computer –Number System –

Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems. Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm –

Pseudo code – Flow Chart.

UNIT II C PROGRAMMING BASICS Problem formulation – Problem Solving - Introduction to „ C‟ programming –fundamentals – structure of a „C‟ program – compilation and linking processes – Constants, Variables – Data Types –

Expressions using operators in „C‟ – Managing Input and Output operations – Decision Making and Branching – Looping statements – solving simple scientific and statistical problems.

UNIT III ARRAYS AND STRINGS Arrays – Initialization – Declaration – One dimensional and Two dimensional arrays. String- String

operations – String Arrays. Simple programs- sorting- searching – matrix operations.

UNIT IV FUNCTIONS AND POINTERS Function – definition of function – Declaration of function – Pass by value – Pass by reference –

Recursion – Pointers - Definition – Initialization – Pointers arithmetic – Pointers and arrays-

Example Problems.

UNIT V STRUCTURES AND UNIONS Introduction – need for structure data type – structure definition – Structure declaration –

Structure within a structure - Union - Programs using structures and Unions – Storage classes, Pre-processor directives.

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

Design C Programs for problems. Write and execute C programs for simple applications


1. Anita Goel and Ajay Mittal, “Computer Fundamentals and Programming in C”, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd., Pearson Education in South Asia, 2011.

2. Pradip Dey, Manas Ghosh, “Fundamentals of Computing and Programming in C”, First Edition,

Oxford University Press, 2009 3. Yashavant P. Kanetkar. “Let Us C”, BPB Publications, 2011.


1. Byron S Gottfried, “Programming with C”, Schaum‟s Outlines, Second Edition, Tata McGraw-

Hill, 2006. 2. Dromey R.G., “How to Solve it by Computer”, Pearson Education, Fourth Reprint, 2007. 3. Kernighan,B.W and Ritchie,D.M, “The C Programming language”, Second Edition, Pearson

Education, 2006.


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OBJECTIVES: To develop in students, graphic skills for communication of concepts, ideas and design

of Engineering products To expose them to existing national standards related to technical drawings.

CONCEPTS AND CONVENTIONS (Not for Examination) Importance of graphics in engineering applications – Use of drafting instruments – BIS

conventions and specifications – Size, layout and folding of drawing sheets – Lettering and


UNIT I PLANE CURVES AND FREE HAND SKETCHING Basic Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics – Construction of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola by eccentricity method – Construction of cycloid – construction of

involutes of square and circle – Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves, Scales:

Construction of Diagonal and Vernier scales. Visualization concepts and Free Hand sketching: Visualization principles –Representation of Three Dimensional objects – Layout of views- Free hand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views

of objects

UNIT II PROJECTION OF POINTS, LINES AND PLANE SURFACES Orthographic projection- principles-Principal planes-First angle projection-projection of points.

Projection of straight lines (only First angle projections) inclined to both the principal planes -

Determination of true lengths and true inclinations by rotating line method and traces Projection of planes (polygonal and circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object


UNIT III PROJECTION OF SOLIDS Projection of simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes by rotating object method and auxiliary plane method.


of above solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined to the one of the

principal planes and perpendicular to the other – obtaining true shape of section. Development of

lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids – Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones. Development of lateral surfaces of solids with cut-outs and holes

UNIT V ISOMETRIC AND PERSPECTIVE PROJECTIONS Principles of isometric projection – isometric scale –Isometric projections of simple solids and

truncated solids - Prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones- combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions and miscellaneous problems. Perspective projection of simple solids-Prisms,

pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method .


Introduction to drafting packages and demonstration of their use.


On Completion of the course the student will be able to:

perform free hand sketching of basic geometrical

constructions and multiple views of


do orthographic projection of lines and plane surfaces.

draw projections and solids and development of surfaces.

prepare isometric and perspective sections of simple


demonstrate computer aided drafting


1. Bhatt N.D. and Panchal V.M., “Engineering Drawing”, Charotar Publishing House, 50th

Edition, 2010.


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1. Gopalakrishna K.R., “Engineering Drawing” (Vol. I&II combined), Subhas Stores, Bangalore,

2007. 2. Luzzader, Warren.J. and Duff,John M., “Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing with an

introduction to Interactive Computer Graphics for Design and Production, Eastern

Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2005. 3. Shah M.B., and Rana B.C., “Engineering Drawing”, Pearson, 2nd Edition, 2009. 4. Venugopal K. and Prabhu Raja V., “Engineering Graphics”, New Age

International (P) Limited, 2008.

5. Natrajan K.V., “A text book of Engineering Graphics”, Dhanalakshmi Publishers, Chennai, 2009.

6. Basant Agarwal and Agarwal C.M., “Engineering Drawing”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing


7. Limited, New Delhi, 2008.

Publication of Bureau of Indian Standards: 1. IS 10711 – 2001: Technical products Documentation – Size and lay out of drawing


2. IS 9609 (Parts 0 & 1) – 2001: Technical products Documentation – Lettering.

3. IS 10714 (Part 20) – 2001 & SP 46 – 2003: Lines for technical drawings.

4. IS 11669 – 1986 & SP 46 – 2003: Dimensioning of Technical Drawings. 5. IS 15021 (Parts 1 to 4) – 2001: Technical drawings – Projection Methods.

Special points applicable to University Examinations on Engineering Graphics:

1. There will be five questions, each of either or type covering all units of the syllabus. 2. All questions will carry equal marks of 20 each making a total of 100. 3. The answer paper shall consist of drawing sheets of A3 size only. The students will be

permitted to use appropriate scale to fit solution within A3 size. 4. The examination will be conducted in appropriate sessions on the same day


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1. Search, generate, manipulate data using MS office/ Open Office

2. Presentation and Visualization – graphs, charts, 2D, 3D 10

3. Problem formulation, Problem Solving and Flowcharts 4. C Programming using Simple statements and expressions

5. Scientific problem solving using decision making and looping.

6. Simple programming for one dimensional and two dimensional arrays. 7. Solving problems using String functions

8. Programs with user defined functions – Includes Parameter Passing 9. Program using Recursive Function and conversion from given program to flow chart. 10. Program using structures and unions.

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

Apply good programming design methods for program development. Design and implement C programs for simple applications. Develop recursive programs.


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OBJECTIVES: To provide exposure to the students with hands on experience on various basic

engineering Practices in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics Engineering.


Buildings: (a) Study of plumbing and carpentry components of residential and industrial buildings. Safety aspects.

Plumbing Works: (a) Study of pipeline joints, its location and functions: valves, taps, couplings, unions, reducers, elbows in household fittings. (b) Study of pipe connections requirements for pumps and turbines.

(c) Preparation of plumbing line sketches for water supply and sewage works.

(d) Hands-on-exercise: Basic pipe connections – Mixed pipe material connection – Pipe connections with

different joining components.

(e) Demonstration of plumbing requirements of high-rise buildings.

Carpentry using Power Tools only:

(a) Study of the joints in roofs, doors, windows and furniture.

(b) Hands-on-exercise: Wood work, joints by sawing, planing and cutting.


Welding: (a) Preparation of arc welding of butt joints, lap joints and tee joints.

(b) Gas welding practice

Basic Machining: (a) Simple Turning and Taper turning

(b) Drilling Practice

Sheet Metal Work:

(a) Forming & Bending:

(b) Model making – Trays, funnels, etc.

(c) Different type of joints.

Machine assembly practice:

(a) Study of centrifugal pump

(b) Study of air conditioner

Demonstration on: (a) Smithy operations, upsetting, swaging, setting down and bending. Example – Exercise – Production of hexagonal headed bolt.

(b) Foundry operations like mould preparation for gear and step cone pulley.

(c) Fitting – Exercises – Preparation of square fitting and vee – fitting models.


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1. Residential house wiring using switches, fuse, indicator, lamp and energy meter. 2. Fluorescent lamp wiring.

3. Stair case wiring 4. Measurement of electrical quantities – voltage, current, power & power factor in RLC circuit. 5. Measurement of energy using single phase energy meter.

6. Measurement of resistance to earth of an electrical equipment.


1. Study of Electronic components and equipments – Resistor, colour coding measurement of AC signal parameter (peak-peak, rms period, frequency) using CR.

2. Study of logic gates AND, OR, EOR and NOT.

3. Generation of Clock Signal.

4. Soldering practice – Components Devices and Circuits – Using general purpose PCB. 5. Measurement of ripple factor of HWR and FWR.


Ability to fabricate carpentry components and pipe connections including plumbing works.

Ability to use welding equipments to join the structures.

Ability to fabricate electrical and electronics circuits.

REFERENCES: 1. Jeyachandran K., Natarajan S. & Balasubramanian S., “A Primer on Engineering

Practices Laboratory”, Anuradha Publications, (2007). 2. Jeyapoovan T., Saravanapandian M. & Pranitha S., “Engineering Practices Lab Manual”, Vikas

Puplishing House Pvt.Ltd, (2006)

3. Bawa H.S., “Workshop Practice”, Tata McGraw – Hill Publishing Company Limited, (2007). 4. Rajendra Prasad A. & Sarma P.M.M.S., “Workshop Practice”, Sree Sai Publication, (2002).

5. Kannaiah P. & Narayana K.L., “Manual on Workshop Practice”, Scitech Publications, (1999).


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(Any FIVE Experiments)

1 (a) Determination of Wavelength, and particle size using Laser

(b) Determination of acceptance angle in an optical fiber.

2. Determination of velocity of sound and compressibility of liquid – Ultrasonic interferometer. 3. Determination of wavelength of mercury spectrum – spectrometer grating

4. Determination of thermal conductivity of a bad conductor – Lee‟s Disc method.

5. Determination of Young‟s modulus by Non uniform bending method

6. Determination of specific resistance of a given coil of wire – Carey Foster‟s Bridge


The hands on exercises undergone by the students will help them to apply physics principles of

optics and thermal physics to evaluate engineering properties of materials.



1 Determination of DO content of water sample by Winkler‟s method.

2 Determination of chloride content of water sample by argentometric method 3 Determination of strength of given hydrochloric acid using pH meter

4 Determination of strength of acids in a mixture using conductivity meter

5 Estimation of iron content of the water sample using spectrophotometer (1,10- phenanthroline / thiocyanate method)

6 Determination of molecular weight of polyvinylalcohol using Ostwald viscometer

7 Conductometric titration of strong acid vs strong base


The students will be outfitted with hands-on knowledge in the quantitative chemical analysis of

water quality related parameters

REFERENCES: 1. Daniel R. Palleros, “Experimental organic chemistry” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Yor (2001). 2. Furniss B.S. Hannaford A.J, Smith P.W.G and Tatchel A.R., “Vogel‟s Textbook of practical organic chemistry”, LBS Singapore (1994). 3. Jeffery G.H., Bassett J., Mendham J.and Denny vogel‟s R.C, “Text book of quantitative analysis

chemical analysis”, ELBS 5th Edn. Longman, Singapore publishers, Singapore, 1996.

4. Kolthoff I.M., Sandell E.B. et al. “Quantitative chemical analysis”, Mcmillan, Madras 1980.


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II Semester



To make learners acquire listening and speaking skills in both formal and informal contexts. To help them develop their reading skills by familiarizing them with different types of

reading strategies.

To equip them with writing skills needed for academic as well as workplace contexts. To make them acquire language skills at their own pace by using e-materials and language

lab components.

OUTCOMES: Learners should be able to speak convincingly, express their opinions clearly, initiate a discussion, negotiate, argue using appropriate communicative strategies. write effectively and persuasively and produce different types of writing such as narration, description, exposition and argument as well as creative, critical, analytical and evaluative writing.

read different genres of texts, infer implied meanings and critically analyse and evaluate them for

ideas as well as for method of presentation. listen/view and comprehend different spoken excerpts

critically and infer unspoken and implied meanings.

UNIT I Listening - Listening to informal conversations and participating; Speaking - Opening a conversation

(greetings, comments on topics like weather) - Turn taking - Closing a conversation (excuses, general

wish, positive comment, thanks); Reading - Developing analytical skills, Deductive and inductive

reasoning - Extensive reading; Writing - Effective use of SMS for sending short notes and messages -

Using „emoticons‟ as symbols in email messages; Grammar - Regular and irregular verbs

- Active and passive voice; Vocabulary - hom*onyms (e.g. „can‟) - hom*ophones (e.g. „some‟, „sum‟); E-materials - Interactive exercise on Grammar and vocabulary – blogging; Language Lab - Listening

to different types of conversation and answering questions.

UNIT II Listening - Listening to situation based dialogues; Speaking - Conversation practice in real life

situations, asking for directions (using polite expressions), giving directions (using imperative sentences), Purchasing goods from a shop, Discussing various aspects of a film (they have already

seen) or a book (they have already read); Reading - Reading a short story or an article from

newspaper, Critical reading, Comprehension skills; Writing - Writing a review / summary of a story

/ article, Personal letter (Inviting your friend to a function, congratulating someone for his / her

success, thanking one‟s friends / relatives); Grammar - modal verbs, Purpose expressions;

Vocabulary - Phrasal verbs and their meanings, Using phrasal verbs in sentences; E-materials -

Interactiveexercises on Grammar and vocabulary, Extensive reading activity (reading stories / novels), Posting reviews in blogs - Language Lab - Dialogues (Fill up exercises), Recording students‟


UNIT III Listening - Listening to the conversation - Understanding the structure of conversations; Speaking -

Conversation skills with a sense of stress, intonation, pronunciation and meaning - Seeking information – expressing feelings (affection, anger, regret, etc.); Reading - Speed reading – reading

passages with time limit - Skimming; Writing - Minutes of meeting – format and practice in the

preparation of minutes - Writing summary after reading articles from journals - Format for journal

articles – elements of technical articles (abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion,

conclusion, appendices, references) - Writing strategies; Grammar - Conditional clauses - Cause

and effect expressions; Vocabulary - Words used as nouns and verbs without any change in the

spelling (e.g. „rock‟, „train‟, „ring‟); E-materials - Interactive exercise on Grammar and vocabulary Speed Reading practice exercises; Language Lab - Intonation practice using EFLU and RIE materials

– Attending a meeting and writing minutes.


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UNIT IV Listening - Listening to a telephone conversation, Viewing model interviews (face-to-face, telephonic

and video conferencing); Speaking - Role play practice in telephone skills - listening and responding,

-asking questions, -note taking – passing on messages, Role play and mock interview for grasping

interview skills; Reading - Reading the job advertisem*nts and the profile of the company concerned – scanning; Writing - Applying for a job – cover letter - résumé preparation – vision, mission and

goals of the candidate; Grammar - Numerical expressions - Connectives (discourse markers);

Vocabulary - Idioms and their meanings – using idioms in sentences; E-materials - Interactive

exercises on Grammar and Vocabulary - Different forms of résumés- Filling up a résumé / cover

letter; Language Lab - Telephonic interview – recording the responses - e-résumé writing.

UNIT V Listening - Viewing a model group discussion and reviewing the performance of each participant -

Identifying the characteristics of a good listener; Speaking - Group discussion skills – initiating the

discussion – exchanging suggestions and proposals – expressing dissent/agreement – assertiveness

in expressing opinions – mind mapping technique; Reading - Note making skills – making notes from

books, or any form of written materials - Intensive reading; Writing – Checklist - Types of reports – Feasibility / Project report – report format – recommendations / suggestions – interpretation of data

(using charts for effective presentation); Grammar - Use of clauses; Vocabulary – Collocation;

Ematerials - Interactive grammar and vocabulary exercises - Sample GD - Pictures for discussion,

Interactive grammar and vocabulary exercises; Language Lab - Different models of group discussion.

TOTAL (L:45+T:15): 60 PERIODS


Learners should be able to

Speak convincingly, express their opinions clearly, initiate a discussion, negotiate, argue


appropriate communicative strategies.

Write effectively and persuasively and produce different types of writing such as narration,

description, exposition and argument as well as creative, critical, analytical and evaluative


Read different genres of texts, infer implied meanings and critically analyse and evaluate


for ideas as well as for method of presentation.

Listen/view and comprehend different spoken excerpts critically and infer unspoken and

implied meanings.

TEXTBOOKS 1. Department of English, Anna University. Mindscapes: English for Technologists and

Engineers. Orient Blackswan, Chennai. 2012 2. Dhanavel, S.P. English and Communication Skills for Students of Science and Engineering.

Orient Blackswan, Chennai. 2011

REFERENCES 1. Anderson, Paul V. Technical Communication: A Reader-Centered Approach. Cengage. New Delhi. 2008 2. Muralikrishna, & Sunita Mishra. Communication Skills for Engineers. Pearson, New

Delhi. 2011 3. Riordan, Daniel. G. Technical Communication. Cengage Learning, New Delhi. 2005 4. Sharma, Sangeetha & Binod Mishra. Communication Skills for Engineers and Scientists. PHI Learning, New Delhi. 2009 5. Smith-Worthington, Darlene & Sue Jefferson. Technical Writing for Success. Cengage, MasonUSA. 2007

EXTENSIVE Reading (Not for Examination) 1. Khera, Shiv. You can win. Macmillan, Delhi. 1998.


1. 2. http://owl.english.purdue.ed


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Internal assessment: 20% 3 tests of which two are pen and paper tests and the other is a combination of different

modes of assessment like Project Assignment Report Creative writing, etc.

All the four skills are to be tested with equal weightage given to each.

Speaking assessment: Individual presentations, Group discussions Reading assessment: Reading passages with comprehension questions graded

following Bloom‟s taxonomy Writing assessment: Writing essays, CVs, reports etc. Writing should include grammar

and vocabulary. Listening/Viewing assessment: Lectures, dialogues, film clippings with questions on verbal

as well as audio/visual content graded following Bloom‟s taxonomy. End Semester Examination: 80%


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OBJECTIVES: To make the student acquire sound knowledge of techniques in solving ordinary

differential equations that model engineering problems. To acquaint the student with the concepts of vector calculus, needed for problems in all

engineering disciplines. To develop an understanding of the standard techniques of complex variable theory so as

to enable the student to apply them with confidence, in application areas such as heat conduction, elasticity, fluid dynamics and flow the of electric current.

To make the student appreciate the purpose of using transforms to create a new domain in which it is easier to handle the problem that is being investigated.

UNIT I VECTOR CALCULUS Gradient, divergence and curl – Directional derivative – Irrotational and solenoidal vector fields –

Vector integration – Green‟s theorem in a plane, Gauss divergence theorem and Stokes‟ theorem

(excluding proofs) – Simple applications involving cubes and rectangular parallelopipeds.

UNIT II ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients – Method of variation of

parameters – Cauchy‟s and Legendre‟s linear equations – Simultaneous first order linear equations

with constant coefficients.

UNIT III LAPLACE TRANSFORM Laplace transform – Sufficient condition for existence – Transform of elementary functions – Basic

properties – Transforms of derivatives and integrals of functions - Derivatives and integrals of

transforms - Transforms of unit step function and impulse functions – Transform of periodic

functions. Inverse Laplace transform -Statement of Convolution theorem – Initial and final value

theorems – Solution of linear ODE of second order with constant coefficients using Laplace

transformation techniques.

UNIT IV ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS Functions of a complex variable – Analytic functions: Necessary conditions – Cauchy-Riemann

equations and sufficient conditions (excluding proofs) – Harmonic and orthogonal properties of analytic function – Harmonic conjugate – Construction of analytic functions – Conformal mapping:

w = z+k, kz, 1/z, z2, ez and bilinear transformation.

UNIT V COMPLEX INTEGRATION Complex integration – Statement and applications of Cauchy‟s integral theorem and Cauchy‟s

integral formula – Taylor‟s and Laurent‟s series expansions – Singular points – Residues – Cauchy‟s residue

theorem – Evaluation of real definite integrals as contour integrals around unit circle and semi-circle (excluding poles on the real axis).


The subject helps the students to develop the fundamentals and basic concepts in vector

calculus, ODE, Laplace transform and complex functions. Students will be able to solve problems related to engineering applications by using these techniques.


1. Bali N. P and Manish Goyal, “A Text book of Engineering Mathematics”, Eighth Edition, LaxmiPublications Pvt Ltd.,(2011).

2. Grewal. B.S, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 41st

Edition, Khanna Publications, Delhi,(2011).

REFERENCES: 1. Dass, H.K., and Er. Rajnish Verma,” Higher Engineering Mathematics”, S. Chand Private

Ltd., (2011)

2. Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics”, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, (2012).

3. Peter V. O‟Neil,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 7th Edition, Cengage learning, (2012).

4. Ramana B.V, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New

Delhi, (2008).


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OBJECTIVES: To enrich the understanding of various types of materials and their applications in

engineeringand technology.

UNIT I CONDUCTING MATERIALS Conductors – classical free electron theory of metals – Electrical and thermal conductivity –

Wiedemann – Franz law – Lorentz number – Draw backs of classical theory – Quantum theory –

Fermi distribution function – Effect of temperature on Fermi Function – Density of energy states –

carrier concentration in metals.

UNIT II SEMICONDUCTING MATERIALS Intrinsic semiconductor – carrier concentration derivation – Fermi level – Variation of Fermi level

withtemperature – electrical conductivity – band gap determination – compound semiconductors -

directand indirect band gap- derivation of carrier concentration in n-type and p-type semiconductor – variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration –– Hall effect –Determination

ofHall coefficient – Applications.

UNIT III MAGNETIC AND SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS Origin of magnetic moment – Bohr magneton – comparison of Dia, Para and Ferro magnetism –

Domain theory – Hysteresis – soft and hard magnetic materials – antiferromagnetic materials –

Ferrites and its applicationsSuperconductivity : properties – Type I and Type II superconductors –

BCS theory ofsuperconductivity(Qualitative) - High Tc superconductors – Applications of

superconductors – SQUID,cryotron, magnetic levitation.

UNIT IV DIELECTRIC MATERIALS Electrical susceptibility – dielectric constant – electronic, ionic, orientational and space charge

polarization – frequency and temperature dependence of polarisation – internal field – Claussius –

Mosotti relation (derivation) – dielectric loss – dielectric breakdown – uses of dielectric

materials(capacitor and transformer) – ferroelectricity and applications.

UNIT V ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS Metallic glasses: preparation, properties and applications. Shape memory alloys (SMA):

Characteristics, properties of NiTi alloy, application, Nanomaterials– Preparation -pulsed laser

deposition – chemical vapour deposition – Applications – NLO materials –Birefringence- optical

Kerreffect – Classification of Biomaterials and its applications.


The students will have the knowledge on physics of materials and that knowledge will be used by them in different engineering and technology applications

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Arumugam M., Materials Science. Anuradha publishers, 2010

2. Pillai S.O., Solid State Physics. New Age International(P) Ltd., publishers, 2009

REFERENCES: 1. Palanisamy P.K. Materials Science. SCITECH Publishers, 2011

2. Senthilkumar G. Engineering Physics II. VRB Publishers, 2011

3. Mani P. Engineering Physics II. Dhanam Publications, 2011 4. Marikani A. Engineering Physics. PHI Learning Pvt., India, 2009


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II UNIT I WATER TECHNOLOGY Introduction to boiler feed water-requirements-formation of deposits in steam boilers and heat

exchangers- disadvantages (wastage of fuels, decrease in efficiency, boiler explosion) prevention of

scale formation -softening of hard water -external treatment zeolite and demineralization - internal treatment- boiler compounds (phosphate, calgon, carbonate, colloidal) - caustic embrittlement-

boiler corrosion-priming and foaming- desalination of brackish water –reverse osmosis.

UNIT II ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CORROSION Electrochemical cell - redox reaction, electrode potential- origin of electrode potential- oxidation

potential- reduction potential, measurement and applications - electrochemical series and

itssignificance - Nernst equation (derivation and problems). Corrosion- causes- factors-

typeschemical, electrochemical corrosion (galvanic, differential aeration), corrosion control -

material selection and design aspects - electrochemical protection – sacrificial anode method and impressed current cathodic method. Paints- constituents and function. Electroplating of Copper and

electroless plating of nickel.

UNIT III ENERGY SOURCES Introduction- nuclear energy- nuclear fission- controlled nuclear fission- nuclear fusion- differences

between nuclear fission and fusion- nuclear chain reactions- nuclear reactor power

generatorclassification of nuclear reactor- light water reactor- breeder reactor- solar energy

conversion- solar cells- wind energy. Batteries and fuel cells:Types of batteries- alkaline battery-

lead storage batterynickel- cadmium battery- lithium battery- fuel cell H2 -O2 fuel cell- applications.

UNIT IV ENGINEERING MATERIALS Abrasives: definition, classification or types, grinding wheel, abrasive paper and cloth.

Refractories:definition, characteristics, classification, properties – refractoriness and RUL,

dimensional stability,thermal spalling, thermal expansion, porosity; Manufacture of alumina,

magnesite and silicon carbide, Portland cement- manufacture and properties - setting and hardening of cement, special cement- waterproof and white cement–properties and uses. Glass - manufacture,

types, properties and uses.

UNIT V FUELS AND COMBUSTION Fuel: Introduction- classification of fuels- calorific value- higher and lower calorific values-

coalanalysis of coal (proximate and ultimate)- carbonization- manufacture of metallurgical co*ke

(OttoHoffmann method) - petroleum- manufacture of synthetic petrol (Bergius process)- knocking-

octane number - diesel oil- cetane number - natural gas- compressed natural gas(CNG)- liquefied

petroleum gases(LPG)- producer gas- water gas. Power alcohol and bio diesel. Combustion of

fuels:introduction- theoretical calculation of calorific value- calculation of stoichiometry of fuel and air ratioignition temperature- explosive range - flue gas analysis (ORSAT Method).


The knowledge gained on engineering materials, fuels, energy sources and water treatment

techniques will facilitate better understanding of engineering processes and applications for further learning.

TEXT BOOKS 1. Vairam S, Kalyani P and SubaRamesh.,“Engineering Chemistry”., Wiley India PvtLtd.,New

Delhi., 2011

2. DaraS.S,UmareS.S.“Engineering Chemistry”, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi , 2010

REFERENCES 1 Kannan P. and Ravikrishnan A., “Engineering Chemistry”, Sri Krishna Hi-tech

Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2009 2. AshimaSrivastava and Janhavi N N., “Concepts of Engineering Chemistry”, ACME Learning

Private Limited., New Delhi., 2010.

3. RenuBapna and Renu Gupta., “Engineering Chemistry”, Macmillan India Publisher Ltd., 2010. 4 Pahari A and Chauhan B., “Engineering Chemistry”., Firewall Media., New Delhi., 2013


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To know the structure, operation and applications of the basic electronic devices.

UNIT I - PN JUNCTION DEVICES PN junction diode –structure, operation and V-I characteristics, diffusion and transient capacitance -

Rectifiers – Half Wave and Full Wave Rectifier,– Display devices- LED, Laser diodes, Zener

diodecharacteristics- Zener Reverse characteristics – Zener as regulator.

UNIT II - TRANSISTORS BJT, JFET, MOSFET- structure, operation, characteristics and Biasing UJT, Thyristor and IGBT - Structure and characteristics.


BJT small signal model – Analysis of CE, CB, CC amplifiers- Gain and frequency response –

MOSFET small signal model– Analysis of CS and Source follower – Gain and frequency response- High frequency analysis.

UNIT IV - MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS AND DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER BIMOS cascade amplifier, Differential amplifier – Common mode and Difference mode analysis –

FET input stages – Single tuned amplifiers – Gain and frequency response – Neutralization methods,

power amplifiers –Types (Qualitative analysis).

UNIT V - FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AND OSCILLATORS Advantages of negative feedback – voltage / current, series , Shunt feedback –positive feedback –

Condition for oscillations, phase shift – Wien bridge, Hartley, Colpitts and Crystal oscillators.


Upon Completion of the course, the students will be able to:

Explain the structure of basic electronic devices.

Design applications using basic *electronic devices


1. David A. Bell ,”Electronic devices and circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, 2004.

2. Sedra and smith, “Microelectronic circuits “ Oxford University Press, 2004.


1. Rashid, “Micro electronic circuits” Thomson publications, 1999.

2. Floyd, “Electron devices” Pearson Asia 5th Edition, 2001. 3. Donald A Neamen, “Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design” Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition,


4. Robert L.Boylestad, “Electronic devices and circuit theory”, 2002. 5. Robert B. Northrop, “Analysis and Application of Analog Electronic Circuits to

Biomedical Instrumentation”, CRC Press, 2004.


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UNIT I BASIC CIRCUITS ANALYSIS Ohm‟s Law – Kirchoffs laws – DC and AC Circuits – Resistors in series and parallel circuits – Mesh current and node voltage method of analysis for D.C and A.C. circuits – Phasor Diagram – Power,

Power Factor and Energy.


Network reduction: voltage and current division, source transformation – star delta conversion.

Thevenins and Novton & Theorem – Superposition Theorem – Maximum power transfer theorem –

Reciprocity Theorem.

UNIT III RESONANCE AND COUPLED CIRCUITS Series and paralled resonance – their frequency response – Quality factor and Bandwidth - Self and

mutual inductance – Coefficient of coupling – Tuned circuits – Single tuned circuits.

UNIT IV TRANSIENT RESPONSE FOR DC CIRCUITS Transient response of RL, RC and RLC Circuits using Laplace transform for DC input and A.C. with

sinusoidal input – Characterization of two port networks in terms of Z,Y and h parameters.

UNIT V THREE PHASE CIRCUITS Three phase balanced / unbalanced voltage sources – analysis of three phase 3-wire and 4-wire

circuits with star and delta connected loads, balanced & un balanced – phasor diagram of voltages and currents – power and power factor measurements in three phase circuits.


Ability analyse electrical circuits

Ability to apply circuit theorems Ability to analyse AC and DC Circuits

TEXT BOOKS: 1. William H. Hayt Jr, Jack E. Kemmerly and Steven M. Durbin, “Engineering Circuits

Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill publishers, 6th

edition, New Delhi, 2003. 2. Joseph A. Edminister, Mahmood Nahri, “Electric circuits”, Schaum‟s series,

Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2001.


1. Paranjothi SR, “Electric Circuits Analysis,” New Age International Ltd., New Delhi, (1996).

2. Sudhakar A and Shyam Mohan SP, “Circuits and Network Analysis and Synthesis”,Tata McGraw Hill, (2007).

3. Chakrabati A, “Circuits Theory (Analysis and synthesis), Dhanpath Rai & Sons, New Delhi, (1999).

4. Charles K. Alexander, Mathew N.O. Sadiku, “Fundamentals of Electric Circuits”, Second Edition, McGraw Hill, (2003).


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1. Determination of Young‟s modulus by uniform bending method

2. Determination of band gap of a semiconductor

3. Determination of Coefficient of viscosity of a liquid –Poiseuille‟s method

4. Determination of Dispersive power of a prism - Spectrometer 5. Determination of thickness of a thin wire – Air wedge method

6. Determination of Rigidity modulus – Torsion pendulum


1. Determination of alkalinity in water sample

2. Determination of total, temporary & permanent hardness of water by EDTA method 3. Estimation of copper content of the given solution by EDTA method

4. Estimation of iron content of the given solution using potentiometer

5. Estimation of sodium present in water using flame photometer 6. Corrosion experiment – weight loss method

7. Conductometric precipitation titration using BaCl2 and Na2SO4

8. Determination of CaO in Cement.


The students will be conversant with hands-on knowledge in the quantitative chemical analysis of

water quality related parameters, corrosion measurement and cement analysis.


1. Daniel R. Palleros, “Experimental organic chemistry” John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,

New York (2001). 2. Furniss B.S. Hannaford A.J, Smith P.W.G and Tatchel A.R., “Vogel‟s Textbook

of practical organic chemistry, LBS Singapore (1994). 3. Jeffery G.H, Bassett J., Mendham J. and Denny R.C., “Vogel‟s Text book of quantitative analysis chemical analysis”, ELBS 5th Edn. Longman, Singapore

publishers, Singapore, 1996. 4. Kolthoff I.M. and Sandell E.B. et al. Quantitative chemical analysis, Mcmillan,

Madras 1980

• Laboratory classes on alternate weeks for Physics and Chemistry.


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1. Characteristics of PN Junction Diode

2. Zener diode Characteristics & Regulator using Zener diode

3. Common Emitter input-output Characteristics 4. Common Base input-output Characteristics

5. FET Characteristics

6. SCR Characteristics 7. Clipper and Clamper & FWR

8. Verifications Of Thevinin & Norton theorem

9. Verifications Of KVL & KCL

10. Verifications Of Super Position Theorem 11. verifications of maximum power transfer & reciprocity theorem

12. Determination Of Resonance Frequency of Series & Parallel RLC Circuits

13. Transient analysis of RL and RC circuits



At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

Learn the characteristics of basic electronic devices

Design RL and RC circuits Verify Thevinin & Norton theorem KVL & KCL, and Super Position Theorems


BC 107, BC 148, 2N2646, BFW10 - 25 each 1N4007, Zener diodes - 25 each

Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors - sufficient quantities

Bread Boards - 15 Nos

CRO (30MHz) – 10 Nos. Function Generators (3MHz) – 10 Nos.

Dual Regulated Power Supplies (0– 30V) – 10 Nos.


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To introduce Fourier series analysis which is central to many applications in engineering apart from its use in solving boundary value problems.

To acquaint the student with Fourier transform techniques used in wide variety of situations. To introduce the effective mathematical tools for the solutions of partial differential equations

that model several physical processes and to develop Z transform techniques for discrete time systems.

UNIT I PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Formation of partial differential equations – Singular integrals -- Solutions of standard types of first order partial differential equations - Lagrange‟s linear equation -- Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients of both hom*ogeneous and non-

hom*ogeneous types.

UNIT II FOURIER SERIES Dirichlet‟s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sine series – Half

range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier series – Parseval‟s identity – Harmonic analysis.

UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Classification of PDE – Method of separation of variables - Solutions of one dimensional wave

equation – One dimensional equation of heat conduction – Steady state solution of two dimensional

equation of heat conduction (excluding insulated edges).

UNIT IV FOURIER TRANSFORMS Statement of Fourier integral theorem – Fourier transform pair – Fourier sine and cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem – Parseval‟s identity.

UNIT V Z - TRANSFORMS AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS Z- transforms - Elementary properties – Inverse Z - transform (using partial fraction and residues) –

Convolution theorem - Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z -


OUTCOMES: The understanding of the mathematical principles on transforms and partial differential

equations would provide them the ability to formulate and solve some of the physical

problems of engineering.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Veerarajan. T., "Transforms and Partial Differential Equations", Tata McGraw Hill

Education Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, Second reprint, 2012. 2. Grewal. B.S., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", 42nd Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi,


3. Narayanan.S, Manicavachagom Pillay.T.K and Ramanaiah.G "Advanced Mathematics for

4. Engineering Students" Vol. II & III, S.Viswanathan Publishers Pvt Ltd. 1998.

REFERENCES: 1. Bali.N.P and Manish Goyal, "A Textbook of Engineering Mathematics", 7th Edition,

Laxmi Publications Pvt Ltd , 2007. 2. Ramana.B.V., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Tata McGrawHill Publishing

Company Limited, New Delhi, 2008. 3. Glyn James, "Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics", 3rd Edition, Pearson Education,


4. Erwin Kreyszig, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", 8th Edition, Wiley India, 2007. 5. Ray Wylie. C and Barrett.L.C, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics" Tata Mc Graw

Hill Education Pvt Ltd, Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2012. 6. Datta.K.B., "Mathematical Methods of Science and Engineering", Cengage Learning India

Pvt Ltd, Delhi, 2013.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be:

Introduced to Biochemistry Familiarized with the Classification, structure and properties of carbohydrates, Lipids,

Protein and Enzyme.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY Introduction to Biochemistry, water as a biological solvent, weak acid and bases, pH, buffers,

Handerson-Hasselbalch equation, physiological buffers, fitness of the aqueous environment for living

organism . Principle of viscosity, surface tension, adsorption, diffusion, osmosis and their applications in biological systems.

UNIT II CARBOHYDRATES Classification of carbohydrates - mono, di, oligo and polysaccharides. Isomerism, racemisation and

mutarotation .Structure, physical and chemical properties of carbohydrates. Metabolic pathways

and bioenergetics – Glycolysis, glycogenesis, glycogenolysis and its hormonal regulation. TCA cycle

and electron transport chain.Oxidative phosphorylation

UNIT III LIPIDS Classification of lipids- simple, compound and derived lipids. Nomenclature of fatty acid, physical and

chemical properties of fat. Saponification number, Reichert- Meissl number and iodine

number.Metabolic pathways: synthesis and degradation of fatty acid (beta oxidation), hormonal regulation of fatty acid metabolism, ketogenesis, structural architecture and significance of biological


UNIT IV NUCLEIC ACID & PROTEIN Structure of purines and pyrimidines, nucleoside , nucleotide , DNA act as a genetic material ,

chargoffs rule. Watson and crick model of DNA. Structure of RNA and its type. Classification,

structure and properties of proteins, structural organization of proteins, classification and properties

of aminoacids.Separation of protein: gel filtration, electrophoresis and ultracentrifugation.

UNIT V ENZYME AND ITS KINETICS Classification of enzymes, apoenzyme, coenzyme, holoenzyme and cofactors. Kinetics of enzymes

- Michaelis-Menten equation.Factors affecting enzymatic activity: temperature, pH, substrate

concentration and enzyme concentration. Inhibitors of enzyme action: Competitive, non-

competitive, irreversible. Enzyme: Mode of action, allosteric and covalent regulation. Clinical significance of enzymes. Measurement of enzyme activity and interpretation of units.



Upon Completion of the Course CO1. Explain the fundamentals of biochemistryCO2. Classify the carbohydrates and explain it.CO3. Describe lipids and elaborate the metabolic pathwaysCO4. Analyze the nucleic acidsCO5. Explain the function of enzyme

TEXT BOOKS: 1. David.W.Martin, Peter.A.Mayes , Victor. W.Rodwell, “Harper‟s Review of Biochemistry”,

LANGE Medical Publications, 1981

2. Keith Wilson & John Walker, “Practical Biochemistry - Principles & Techniques”, Oxford University Press, 2009.


1. Trevor palmer, “Understanding Enzymes”, Ellis Horwood Ltd. 1991. 2. Pamela.C.Champe & Richard.A.Harvey, “Lippincott Biochemistry Lippincott‟s

Illustrated Reviews”, Raven publishers,1994.


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OBJECTIVES: To understand the basic properties of signal & systems and the various methods

of classification To learn Laplace Transform &Fourier transform and their properties To know Z transform & DTFT and their properties To characterize LTI systems in the Time domain and various Transform domains

UNIT I CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Continuous time signals (CT signals) - Discrete time signals (DT signals) - Step, Ramp, Pulse,

Impulse, Sinusoidal, Exponential, Classification of CT and DT signals - Periodic & Aperiodic signals,

Deterministic & Random signals, Energy & Power signals - CT systems and DT systems-

Classification of systems – Static & Dynamic, Linear & Nonlinear, Time-variant & Time-invariant,

Causal & Noncausal, Stable & Unstable.

UNIT II ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS TIME SIGNALS Fourier series analysis-spectrum of Continuous Time (CT) signals- Fourier and Laplace Transforms in CT Signal Analysis - Properties.

UNIT III LINEAR TIME INVARIANT- CONTINUOUS TIME SYSTEMS Differential Equation-Block diagram representation-impulse response, convolution integrals-Fourier and Laplace transforms in Analysis of CT systems

UNIT IV ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS Baseband Sampling - DTFT – Properties of DTFT - Z Transform – Properties of Z Transform

UNIT V LINEAR TIME INVARIANT-DISCRETE TIME SYSTEMS Difference Equations-Block diagram representation-Impulse response - Convolution sum- Discrete Fourier and Z Transform Analysis of Recursive & Non-Recursive systems

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Analyze the properties of signals & systemsCO2. Apply Laplace transform, Fourier transform, Z transform and DTFT in signal analysisCO3. Analyze continuous time LTI systems using Fourier and Laplace TransformsCO4. Analyze discrete time LTI systems using Z transform and DTFTCO5. Apply the concepts of Z-Transform.

TEXT BOOK: 1. Allan V.Oppenheim, S.Wilsky and S.H.Nawab, “Signals and Systems”, Pearson, 2007.


1. B. P. Lathi, “Principles of Linear Systems and Signals”, Second Edition, Oxford, 2009. 2. R.E.Zeimer, W.H.Tranter and R.D.Fannin, “Signals & Systems - Continuous and Discrete”,

Pearson, 2007.

3. John Alan Stuller, “An Introduction to Signals and Systems”, Thomson, 2007. 4. M.J.Roberts, “Signals & Systems Analysis using Transform Methods & MATLAB”, Tata McGraw

Hill, 2007.


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The student should be made to: Understand the purpose of measurement, the methods of measurements, errors

associated with measurements. Know the principle of transduction, classifications and the characteristics of

different transducers and study its Biomedical applications.

Know the different display and recording devices.

UNIT I SCIENCE OF MEASUREMENT Measurement System – Instrumentation – Classification and Characteristics of Transducers – Static and Dynamic – Errors in Measurements – Calibration – Primary and secondary standards.

UNIT II DISPLACEMENT, PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE SENSORS Strain Gauge: Gauge factor, sensing elements, configuration, unbounded strain gage, biomedical

applications; strain gauge as displacement & pressure transducers: Capacitive transducer, Inductive transducer, LVDT, Passive types: RTD materials & range, relative resistance vs. temperature

characteristics, thermistor characteristics, biomedical applications of Temperature sensors.

Active type: Thermocouple – characteristics.

UNIT III PHOTOELECTRIC AND PIEZO ELECTRIC SENSORS Phototube, scintillation counter, Photo Multiplier Tube (PMT), photovoltaic, Photo conductive cells,

photo diodes, phototransistor, comparison of photoelectric transducers, pectro photometric applications of photo electric transducers. Piezoelectric active transducer and biomedical applications as pressure & Ultrasound transducer.

UNIT IV SIGNAL CONDITIONING & SIGNAL ANALYSER AC and DC Bridges –wheat stone bridge, Kelvin, Maxwell, Hay, Schering – Concepts of

filters, Preamplifier – impedance matching circuits – isolation amplifier. Spectrum analyzer.

UNIT V DISPLAY AND RECORDING DEVICES Digital voltmeter – Multi meter – CRO – block diagram, CRT – vertical & horizontal deflection

system, DSO, LCD monitor, PMMC writing systems, servo recorders, photographic recorder,

magnetic tape recorder, Inkjet recorder, thermal recorder.


Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to:

CO1 - Measure various electrical parameters with accuracy, precision, resolution.

CO2 - Select appropriate passive or active transducers for measurement of physical phenomenon.

CO3 - Select appropriate light sensors for measurement of physical phenomenon.

CO4 - Use AC and DC bridges for relevant parameter measurement. C05 - Employ Multimeter, CRO and different types of recorders for appropriate measurement.


1. A.K.Sawhney, “Electrical & Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation”,10th edition,

Dhanpat Rai & Co, New Delhi, 2010.

REFERENCES: 1. Ernest O Doebelin and Dhanesh N Manik, Measurement systems, Application and

design, 5th edition, Mc Graw-Hill, 2007. 2. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,


3. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice hall of India, New Delhi, 2007.

4. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and sons,

New York, 2004. 5. L.A Geddas and L.E.Baker, “Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation”, John Wiley and

Sons, Third Edition, Reprint 2008.

6. Albert D.Helfrick and William D. Cooper. Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement

Techniques”, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.


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• To comprehend the fundamentals of object oriented programming, particularly in C++. • To use object oriented programming to implement data structures.

• To introduce linear, non-linear data structures and their applications.

UNIT I DATA ABSTRACTION & OVERLOADING Overview of C++ – Structures – Class Scope and Accessing Class Members – Reference Variables – Initialization – Constructors – Destructors – Member Functions and Classes – Friend Function –

Dynamic Memory Allocation – Static Class Members – Container Classes and Integrators – Proxy

Classes – Overloading: Function overloading and Operator Overloading.

UNIT II INHERITANCE & POLYMORPHISM Base Classes and Derived Classes – Protected Members – Casting Class pointers and Member

Functions – Overriding – Public, Protected and Private Inheritance – Constructors and Destructors

in derived Classes – Implicit Derived – Class Object To Base – Class Object Conversion –

Composition Vs. Inheritance – Virtual functions – This Pointer – Abstract Base Classes and Concrete

Classes – Virtual Destructors – Dynamic Binding.

UNIT III LINEAR DATA STRUCTURES Abstract Data Types (ADTs) – List ADT – array-based implementation – linked list implementation –– singly linked lists –Polynomial Manipulation - Stack ADT – Queue ADT - Evaluating arithmetic


UNIT IV NON-LINEAR DATA STRUCTURES Trees – Binary Trees – Binary tree representation and traversals – Application of trees: Set

representation and Union-Find operations – Graph and its representations – Graph Traversals –

Representation of Graphs – Breadth-first search – Depth-first search - Connected components.

UNIT V SORTING AND SEARCHING Sorting algorithms: Insertion sort - Quick sort - Merge sort - Searching: Linear search –Binary Search


Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the concepts of Object oriented programming.CO2. Write simple applications using C++.CO3. Discuss the different methods of organizing large amount of data.CO4. Explain the non-linear data structuresCO5. Execute the program for sorting


1. Deitel and Deitel, “ C++, How To Program”, Fifth Edition, Pearson Education, 2005. 2. Mark Allen Weiss, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++”, Third Edition, Addison-

Wesley, 2007.


1. Bhushan Trivedi, “ Programming with ANSI C++, A Step-By-Step approach”, Oxford University Press, 2010.

2. Goodrich, Michael T., Roberto Tamassia, David Mount, “Data Structures and Algorithms

in C++”, 7th Edition, Wiley. 2004. 3. Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest and Clifford Stein, "Introduction

to Algorithms", Second Edition, Mc Graw Hill, 2002.

4. Bjarne Stroustrup, “The C++ Programming Language”, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2007. 5. Ellis Horowitz, Sartaj Sahni and Dinesh Mehta, Fundamentals of Data Structures in

C++, Galgotia Publications, 2007.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Know basic structural and functional elements of human body. Learn organs and structures involving in system formation and functions. Understand all systems in the human body.


Cell: Structure and organelles - Functions of each component in the cell. Cell membrane –transport across membrane – origin of cell membrane potential – Action potential. Tissue: Types – Specialized

tissues – functions.

UNIT II SKELETAL AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Skeletal system: Bone types and functions – Joint - Types of Joint - Cartilage and functions.

Respiratory System: Components of respiratory system – Respiratory Mechanism. Types of respiration - Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport and acid base regulation

UNIT III CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Blood composition - functions of blood – functions of RBC. WBC types and their functions. Blood groups – importance of blood groups – identification of blood groups. Blood vessels- Structure of

heart – Properties of Cardiac muscle – Conducting system of heart – Cardiac cycle – ECG - Heart

sound - Volume and pressure changes and regulation of heart rate –Coronary Circulation.

Factors regulating Blood flow.

UNIT IV URINARY AND SPECIAL SENSORY SYSTEM Urinary system: Structure of Kidney and Nephron. Mechanism of Urine formation and acid base

regulation – Urinary reflex – Homeostasis and blood pressure regulation by urinary system.

Special senses: Eye and Ear.

UNIT V NERVOUS SYSTEM Structure of a Neuron – Types of Neuron. Synapses and types. Conduction of action potential in

neuron. Brain – Divisions of brain lobes - Cortical localizations and functions - EEG. Spinal cord

– Tracts of spinal cord - Reflex mechanism – Types of reflex. Autonomic nervous system and its



Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Describe basic structural and functional elements of human body. CO2. Explain organs and structures involving in system formation and functions.

CO3. Identify all systems in the human body.

CO4. Demonstrate the function of urinary and special sensory system

CO5. Acquire knowledge on nervous system

TEXT BOOK: 1. Elaine.N. Marieb , “Essential of Human Anatomy and Physiology”, Eight Edition, Pearson

Education, New Delhi ,2007.

REFERENCES: 1. Gillian Poco*ck, Christopher D. Richards, The human Body – An introduction for Biomedical and

Health Sciences, Oxford University Press, USA, 2009

2. William F.Ganong, “Review of Medical Physiology”, 22nd Edition, Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi, 2005

3. Eldra Pearl Solomon, “Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology”, W.B. Saunders

Company, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 2003. 4. Guyton & Hall, “Medical Physiology”, 12th Edition, Elsevier Saunders, 2010


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OBJECTIVES: To provide practice on:

• Estimation and quantification of biomolecules.

• Separation of macromolecules.


1. General tests for carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.

2. Preparation of serum and plasma from blood. 3. Estimation of blood glucose.

4. Estimation of creatinine

5. Estimation of urea

6. Estimation of cholesterol 7. Assay of SGOT/SGPT

8. Separation of proteins by SDS electrophoresis

9. Separation of amino acids by thin layer chromatography 10. Separation of DNA by agarose gel electrophoresis

11. ESR , PCV, MCH , MCV ,MCHC , total count of RBCs and hemoglobin estimation

OUTCOMES: Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Do estimation and interpret the changes in biomolecules.

CO2. Separate and analyze the importance of macromolecules.


Requirement for a batch of 30 students

Spectrophotometer 1 No Colorimeter 2 Nos.

pH meter 1 No

Weighing balance 1 No

Refrigerator 1 No Vortex Shaker 2 Nos.

SDS gel electrophoresis 1 No

TLC, ready TLC plates 1 No Wintrobe‟s tube 2 Nos.

Centrifuge Normal 1 No

Centrifuge Cooling 1 No

Microslides 2 packets Lancet 5 boxes

Microscope 1 No

Neubaur‟s Chamber 2 Nos.

Heparinized Syringe 1box Haemoglobinometer 1 No

Capillary tubes 1 box

Ophthalmoscope (direct & Indirect) 1 No Tuning fork (256Hz to 512Hz) 5 Nos.

Blood grouping kit 1 No


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The student should be made to:

Learn C++ programming language. Be exposed to the different data structures Be familiar with applications using different data structures


1. Basic Programs for C++ Concepts

2. Array implementation of List Abstract Data Type (ADT) 3. Linked list implementation of List ADT

4. Cursor implementation of List ADT

5. Stack ADT - Array and linked list implementations 6. The next two exercises are to be done by implementing the following source

files i. Program source files for Stack Application 1

ii. Array implementation of Stack ADT

iii. Linked list implementation of Stack ADT iv. Program source files for Stack Application 2

v. An appropriate header file for the Stack ADT should be included in (i) and (iv) 7. Implement any Stack Application using array implementation of Stack ADT (by implementing files (i) and (ii) given above) and then using linked list 8. Implementation of Stack ADT (by using files (i) and implementing file (iii)) 9. Implement another Stack Application using array and linked list implementations of Stack ADT (by implementing files (iv) and using file (ii), and then by using files

(iv) and (iii)) 11. Queue ADT – Array and linked list implementations

12. Search Tree ADT - Binary Search Tree 13. Implement an interesting application as separate source files and using any of the searchable ADT

files developed earlier. Replace the ADT file alone with other appropriate ADT files.

Compare the performance.

14. Quick Sort



At the end of the course, the student should be able to: CO1. Design and implement C++ programs for manipulating stacks, queues, linked lists,

trees, and graphs.

CO2. Apply good programming design methods for program development.CO3. Apply the different data structures for implementing solutions to practical problems.

LAB EQUIPMENT FOR A BATCH OF 30 STUDENTS: Standalone desktops with C++ complier 30 Nos.


Server with C++ compiler supporting 30 terminals or more.


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OBJECTIVES To provide necessary basic concepts in probability and random processes for applications such as random signals, linear systems etc in communication engineering.

UNIT I RANDOM VARIABLES Discrete and continuous random variables – Moments – Moment generating functions – Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma and Normal distributions.

UNIT II TWO - DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES Joint distributions – Marginal and conditional distributions – Covariance – Correlation and Linear regression – Transformation of random variables.


Classification – Stationary process – Markov process - Poisson process – Random telegraph process.

UNIT IV CORRELATION AND SPECTRAL DENSITIES Auto correlation functions – Cross correlation functions – Properties – Power spectral density – Cross spectral density – Properties.

UNIT V LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS Linear time invariant system – System transfer function – Linear systems with random inputs – Auto correlation and Cross correlation functions of input and output.

OUTCOMES: The students will have an exposure of various distribution functions and help in acquiring skills in

handling situations involving more than one variable. Able to analyze the response of random inputs to linear time invariant systems.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Ibe.O.C., "Fundamentals of Applied Probability and Random Processes", Elsevier,1st

Indian Reprint, 2007. 2. Peebles. P.Z., "Probability, Random Variables and Random Signal Principles", Tata

McGraw Hill, 4th Edition, New Delhi, 2002.

REFERENCES: 1. Yates. R.D. and Goodman. D.J., "Probability and Stochastic Processes", Wiley India Pvt.

Ltd., Bangalore, 2nd Edition, 2012. 2. Stark. H., and Woods. J.W., "Probability and Random Processes with Applications to

Signal Processing", Pearson Education, Asia, 3rd Edition, 2002. 3. Miller. S.L. and Childers. D.G., "Probability and Random Processes with Applications to

Signal Processing and Communications", Academic Press, 2004.

4. Hwei Hsu, "Schaum‟s Outline of Theory and Problems of Probability, Random

Variables and Random Processes", Tata McGraw Hill Edition, New Delhi, 2004. 5. Cooper. G.R., McGillem. C.D., "Probabilistic Methods of Signal and System Analysis",

Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 3rd Indian Edition, 2012.


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OBJECTIVES: • To Study effects of sound and light in human body

• To study effects of radiation in matter and how isotopes are produced


Electromagnetic Radiation: Overview of non-ionizing radiation effects-Low Frequency Effects- Higher frequency effects. Physics of light, Measurement of light and its unit- limits of vision and

color vision an overview, Thermography– Application

UNIT II SOUND IN MEDICINE Physics of sound, Normal sound levels –ultrasound fundamentals – Generation of ultrasound

(Ultrasound Transducer) - Interaction of Ultrasound with matter; Cavitations, Reflection,

Transmission- Scanning systems – Artefacts- Ultrasound- Doppler-Double Doppler shift-Clinical Applications

UNIT III PRINCIPLES OF RADIOACTIVE NUCLIDES Radioactive Decay – Spontaneous Emission – Isometric Transition – Gamma ray emission, alpha,

beta, Positron decay, electron capture, Sources of Radioisotopes Natural and Artificial

radioactivity, Radionuclide used in Medicine and Technology ,Decay series, Production of radionuclides – Cyclotron produced Radionuclide- Reactor produced Radio- nuclide-fission and

electron Capture reaction, radionuclide Generator-Technetium generator.

UNIT IV INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER Interaction of charged particles with matter –Specific ionization, Linear energy transfer range,

Bremsstrahlung, Annihilation,Interaction of X and Gamma radiation with matter- Photoelectric

effect, Compton Scattering , Pair production, Attenuation of Gamma Radiation ,Interaction of

neutron with matter and their clinical significance.

UNIT V BASIC RADIATION QUANTITIES Introduction -exposure- Inverse square law-KERMA-Kerma and absorbed dose –stopping power -

relationship between the dosimetric quantities - Bremsstrahlung radiation, Bragg‟s curve- concept of

LD 50- Stochastic and Non-stochastic effects, Different radiation Unit, Roentgen, gray, Sievert.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Analyze mechanics involved with various physiological systems.CO2. Perform derivation of mathematical models related to blood vesselsCO3. xplain the principles of radioactive nuclides.

CO4. Apply the knowledge on interaction of radiation with matterCO5. Acquire basic knowledge on basic radiation quantities.


1. John R Cameran , James G Skofronick “Medical Physics” John-Wiley & Sons. 1978 2. W.J.Meredith and J.B. Massey “ Fundamental Physics of Radiology” Varghese

Publishing house. 1992

REFERENCES: 1. P.Uma Devi, A.Nagarathnam , B S SatishRao , “Intorduction to Radiation Biology” B.I Chur

Chill Livingstone pvt Ltd, 2000

2. S.Webb “ The Physics of Medical Imaging”, Taylor and Francis, 1988

3. J.P.Woodco*ck, Ultrasonic,Medical Physics Handbook series 1, Adam Hilger, Bristol, 2002 4. Hylton B.Meire and Pat Farrant “Basic Ultrasound” John Wiley & Sons, 1995


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to Understand:

• Magnetic circuits, principle and application of transformers

• Principle of operation of DC motors and AC Machines

• Principle of fractional-kW motors and their applications.

UNIT I INDUCTION THEORY Magnetic effects of electric current- Magnetic circuits- Magnetic materials and B-H relationship –

Electromagnetic induction and force – Hysteresis and eddy current losses

UNIT II TRANSFORMER Introduction – Single phase transformer construction and principle of operation – EMF equation of

transformer-Transformer no–load phasor diagram –– Transformer on–load phasor diagram –

Equivalent circuit of transformer – Regulation of transformer –Transformer losses and efficiency-All

day efficiency –auto transformers.

UNIT III DC MACHINES Construction of DC machines – theory of operation of DC generators – characteristics of DC

generators-Applications. Operating principle of DC motors – types of DC motors and their

characteristics – speed control of DC motors-Applications, Stepper motor and Applications.

UNIT IV INDUCTION MACHINES AND SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES Principle of operation of three-phase induction motors – Construction –Types – Equivalent circuit –

Construction of single-phase induction motors – Types of single phase induction motors – Double

revolving field theory – starting methods Principles of alternator – Construction details – Types – Equation of induced EMF – Voltage

regulation. Methods of starting of synchronous motors – Torque equation – V curves –

Synchronous motors.

UNIT V FRACTIONAL KILOWATT MOTORS Single phase induction motor, principle of operation, torque-speed characteristics – Types of single

phase motors- Split phase motors; Split Phase Resistance Start Induction motor, Split phase

capacitor start induction motor, Permanent –split capacitor induction motor-Single phase

Commutator Motors- Repulsion motor, Repulsion start Induction run motor - AC Series Motor.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Describe principles and applications of transformers.CO2. Explain the working of DC Motors, fractional kW motors, AC machines.CO3. pply the construction of DC machines

CO4. Acquire basic knowledge on induction machines and synchronous machinesCO5. Demonstrate the working of fractional kilowatt motors.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. D P Kothari and I J Nagrath, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2002 2. P. C Sen, “Principles of Electric Machines and Power Electronics”, 2nd Edition, John - Wiley &

Sons, 2001


1. R.K. Rajput, “Basic Electrical &Electronics Engineering”, Lakshmi Publishers, Reprint 2008


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To study the application of analog ICs in the designing circuit. To study the applications of these Digital ICs. To understand the basic of the Digital systems. To study the design of the various functional circuits using these ICs.

UNIT I NUMBER SYSTEMS AND LOGIC GATES Decimal, Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers.-Conversion between these number systems.-

Complements r‟s and (r-1)‟s complements.- subtraction using complements – Encoding numbers and

characters using Binary digits. –Binary coded Decimal –Gray code - Binary to Gray code conversion –

ASCII Code. Logic gates – Truth tables – NOT, AND, OR, NOR, NAND, XOR, XNOR - Boolean Laws

and theorems – Solving Boolean expressions, Truth Tables and Logic circuits – The Karnaugh Map –

half adder, full adder, Multiplexers and Demultiplexers - Decoders and encoders. Coding of Combination Circuits in verilog.

UNIT II REGISTERS AND COUNTERS Flip Flops – RS, D, T, JK Flip Flops – Characteristic equations, exciting tables – JK Master – Slave

flip-flop – Universal shift register. Design of modulo-N counters – counter design using state

diagram. sequential circuit design with verilog.

UNIT III OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS The characteristics of Ideal Operation – slew rate, offset voltage, bias current, CMRR, bandwidth -

equivalent circuit of an op-Amp – virtual ground concept – Linear applications of op-amp – inverting and

noninverting amplifier, summing, subtracting, averaging amplifier - voltage to current converter – current to voltage converter – Differential amplifiers – differentiator and integrator. Nonlinear applications – comparator – Schmitt Triggers – Precision Diode Half wave and full wave rectifiers

– Average detectors – peak detector

UNIT IV ACTIVE FILTERS AND SIGNAL GENERATOR Active filters (first and second order) – Low pass, high pass, band pass filters, band reject filters (notch filters). Oscillators - RC Phase shift and Wein-bridge. Waveform generators -

Square, triangular and saw tooth.

UNIT V TIMER, PLL, A/D AND D/A CONVERTERS 555 Timer (internal diagram) and its applications – monostable multivibrator, astable multivibrator.

Phase locked Loop (565 - block diagram approach) and its applications - Frequency multiplication, Frequency translation, voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converters. DAC – Binary

weighted DAC and R-2R DAC. ADC – single slope and dual slope ADCs, successive approximation


OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the application of analog ICs in the designing circuit.CO2. Do applications of Digital ICs.CO3. Understand the basic of the Digital systems.CO4. Design various functional circuits using these ICs.CO5. Explain the working of Timer and converters


1. M. Morris Mano , “Digital Logic and Computer design “ Prentice Hall 1994.

2. Ramakant A. Gayakwad , “Op-AMP and Linear Ics”, Prince Hall, 1994 REFERENCES:

1. Robert B.Northrop, “Analysis and Application of Analog Electronic Circuits to Biomedical Instrumentation”, CRC Press, 2004.

2. Sergio Franco, “Design with Operational Amplifiers and analog Integrated circuits”,

McGraw- Hills, 2003.

3. Millman J and Halkias .C., “Integrated Electronics”, TMH, 2007. 4. John. F. Wakerly, “Digital Design Principles and Practices”, Fourth Edition, Pearson Education,


5. Charles H. Roth, Jr, “Fundamentals of Logic Design”, Fourth Edition, Jaico Books, 2002


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The student should be made to: • Gain a knowledge on the structural and functional aspects of living organisms.

• Know the etiology and remedy in treating the pathological diseases.

• Empower the importance of public health.

UNIT I CELL DEGENERATION, REPAIR AND NEOPLASIA Cell injury and Necrosis, Apoptosis, Intracellular accumulations, Pathological calcification,

cellular adaptations of growth and differentiation, Inflammation and Repair including fracture

healing, Neoplasia, Classification, Benign and Malignant tumours, carcinogenesis, spread of

tumours. Autopsy and biopsy.

UNIT II FLUID AND HEMODYNAMIC DERRANGEMENTS Edema, normal hemostasis, thrombosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, embolism,

infarction, shock. Hematological disorders-Bleeding disorders, Leukaemias, Lymphomas.

UNIT III MICROSCOPES Light microscope – bright field, dark field, phase contrast, fluorescence, Electron microscope (TEM &

SEM). Preparation of samples for electron microscope. Staining methods – simple, gram staining and AFB staining.

UNIT IV MICROBIAL CULTURES Morphological features and structural organization of bacteria, growth curve, identification

of bacteria, culture media and its types , culture techniques and observation of culture.

UNIT V IMMUNOLOGY Natural and artificial immunity, opsonization, phagocytosis, inflammation, Immune deficiency

syndrome, antibodies and its types, antigen and antibody reactions, immunological techniques:

immune diffusion, immuno electrophoresis, RIA and ELISA, monoclonal antibodies. Disease

caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoal, virus and helminthes.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Analyze structural and functional aspects of living organisms.CO2. Explain the function of microscopeCO3. Discuss the importance of public health.CO4. Describe methods involved in treating the pathological diseases.CO5. Acquire the knowledge on immunology

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Ramzi S Cotran, Vinay Kumar & Stanley L Robbins, “Pathologic Basis of Diseases”, 7th

edition, WB Saunders Co. 2005 (Units I & II). 2. Prescott, Harley and Klein, “Microbiology”, 5th edition, McGraw Hill, 2002 (Units III,IV & V).


1. Underwood JCE: General and Systematic Pathology Churchill Livingstone, 3rd edition, 2000. 2. Ananthanarayanan & Panicker, “Microbiology” Orientblackswan, 2005.

3. Dubey RC and Maheswari DK. “A Text Book of Microbiology” Chand & Company Ltd, 2007


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To the study of nature and the facts about environment. To find and implement scientific, technological, economic and political solutions

to environmental problems.

To study the interrelationship between living organism and environment. To appreciate the importance of environment by assessing its impact on the human

world; envision the surrounding environment, its functions and its value. To study the dynamic processes and understand the features of the earth‟s interior

and surface. To study the integrated themes and biodiversity, natural resources, pollution control and

waste management.

UNIT I ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY Definition, scope and importance of Risk and hazards; Chemical hazards, Physical hazards, Biological hazards in the environment – concept of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem –

producers, consumers and decomposers-Oxygen cycle and Nitrogen cycle – energy flow in the

ecosystem – ecological succession processes – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure

and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic

ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to biodiversity

definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographical classification of India – value

of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of

biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts –

endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ

conservation of biodiversity. Field study of common plants, insects, birds Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (Atmospheric chemistry-Chemical composition of the atmosphere; Chemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere -

formation of smog, PAN, acid rain, oxygen and ozone chemistry;- Mitigation procedures- Control of

particulate and gaseous emission, Control of SO2, NOX, CO and HC) (b) Water pollution : Physical

and chemical properties of terrestrial and marine water and their environmental significance; Water

quality parameters – physical, chemical and biological; absorption of heavy metals - Water

treatment processes. (c) Soil pollution - soil waste management: causes, effects and control

measures of municipal solid wastes – (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards–role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies – Field

study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.

UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber extraction, mining,

dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and overutilization of surface and ground water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation,

environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources:

World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern

agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources:

Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy

sources. Energy Conversion processes – Biogas – production and uses, anaerobic digestion; case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil

erosion and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable

use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. Introduction to Environmental Biochemistry: Proteins –

Biochemical degradation of pollutants, Bioconversion of pollutants. Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river/forest/grassland/hill/mountain.


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UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy – water

conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and rehabilitation of

people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of non-governmental

organizationenvironmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – 12 Principles of green chemistry-

nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environment production act – Air act – Water act – Wildlife protection act – Forest

conservation act – The Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules; 1998 and

amendments- scheme of labeling of environmentally friendly products (Ecomark). enforcement

machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state pollution control boards- disaster

management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides. Public awareness.

UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare programme –

environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV / AIDS – women and child

welfare –Environmental impact analysis (EIA)- -GIS-remote sensing-role of information technology

in environment and human health – Case studies.

OUTCOMES: Environmental Pollution or problems cannot be solved by mere laws. Public participation is an

important aspect which serves the environmental Protection. One will obtain knowledge on the following after completing the course.

CO1. Public awareness of environment at infant stage.CO2. Ignorance and incomplete knowledge has lead to misconceptions.CO3. Development and improvement in standard of living has lead to serious

environmental disasters.CO4. Demonstrate the social issues and the environmentCO5. Knowledge on human population and the environment


1. Gilbert M.Masters, „Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science‟, 2nd edition, Pearson Education (2004).

2. Benny Joseph, „Environmental Science and Engineering‟, Tata Mc Graw-Hill, New Delhi, 2006.

REFERENCES: 1. R.K. Trivedi, “Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances

and Standard”, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.

2. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, „Environmental Encyclopedia‟,Jaico Publ.,House, Mumbai, 2001.

3. Dharmendra S. Sengar, „Environmental law‟, Prentice hall of India PVT LTD, New Delhi, 2007.

4. Rajagopalan, R, „Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure‟, Oxford University Press (2005)


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The student should be made to:

Design digital logic and circuits Learn the function of different ICs Understand the applications of operation amplifier. Learn the working of multivibrators Design circuits for generating waveforms using ICs.


1. Study of logic gates, Half adder and Full adder 2. Encoder and BCD to 7 segment decoder

3. Multiplexer and demultiplexer using digital ICs

4. Universal shift register using flip flops 5. Design of mod-N counter

6. Inverting, non-inverting amplifier and comparator

7. Integrator and Differentiator

8. Active filter – first order and second order LPF and HPF 9. Current to Voltage convertor and Voltage to Current Convertor

10. Comparator, Peak detector and Average detector

11. Instrumentation amplifier using IC741

12. Wein bridge oscillator 13. Multivibrator using IC555 Timer

14. Timer

15. Phase Lock Loop 16 A/D and D/A convertor


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Design Circuits using logic gatesCO2. Build Circuits for different application using opampCO3. Differentiate between oscillator and wave form generatorCO4. Convert Signals from Analog to Digital Vice versa


1. Digital Trainer Kit - 15 Nos. (with 5 V, Variable and fixed frequency Clock, Bread Board, Four Seven Segment displays, LEDs for output

display, Logic 1 and 0 Input switches) 2 . Logic ICs - 50Nos each (7400, 7402, 7404, 7408, 7410, 7420, 7432, 7447, 7448,

7474, 7476, 7483, , 7485, 7486, 7490, 7495, 74151, 741

Common Anode and cathode 7-segment displays, LEDs)

3. NE555 – 50 nos

4. PLL - 50 nos 5 A/D and D/A convertors – 50 nos

6. Resistors - 50 nos 7 capacitors - 50 nos

8. IC Power supply (5 V fixed) - 15 Nos

9. Bread Boards - 15 Nos


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The student should be made to:

Use Compound microscope Practice on chemical examinations, Cryoprocessing, Histopathological examinations etc

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. Urine physical and chemical examination (protein, reducing substances, ketones, bilirubin and blood)

2. Study of parts of compound microscope

3. Histopathological slides of benign and malignant tumours. 4. Manual paraffin tissue processing and section cutting (demonstration)

5. Cryo processing of tissue and cryosectioning (demonstration)

6. Basic staining – Hematoxylin and eosin staining. 7. Special stains – cresyl fast Blue (CFV)- Trichrome – oil red O – PAS

8. Simple stain.

9. Gram stain.

10. AFB stain. 11. Slides of malarial parasites, micro filaria and leishmania donovani.

12. Haematology slides of anemia and leukemia. Study of bone marrow charts.

13. Bleeding time and clotting time.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Student can perform practical experiments on tissue processing, cryoprocessing,

staining processes etc.


Wax dispenser 1 No

Slide warming 1 No Microtome 1 No


Microphotographic unit 1 No Slides 1 box

Coverslip 1 box

Distillation Unit 1 No

Water bath normal 1 No Incubator 1 No

Autoclave 1 No

Oven 1 No


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OBJECTIVES: To study the concept and different mathematical techniques applied in analyzing any

given system

To learn the analysis of given system in time domain and frequency domain To study the stability analysis of the given system To study the concept of physiological control system

UNIT I MODELING OF SYSTEMS Terminology and basic structure of control system, example of a closed loop system, transfer

functions, modeling of electrical systems, translational and rotational mechanical systems, and

electro mechanical systems, block diagram and signal flow graph representation of systems, conversion of block diagram to signal flow graph, reduction of block diagram and signal flow graph

UNIT II TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS Step and impulse responses of first order and second order systems, determination of time domain

specifications of first and second order systems from its output responses, definition of steady

state error constants and its computations.

UNIT III STABILITY ANALYSIS Definition of stability, Routh- Hurwitz criteria of stability, root locus technique, construction of root

locus and study of stability, definition of dominant poles and relative stability.

UNIT IV FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS Frequency response, Nyquist stability criterion, Nyquist plot and determination of closed loop stability,

definition of gain margin and phase margin, Bode plot, determination of gain margin and phase margin

using Bode plot, use of Nichol‟s chart to compute response frequency and bandwidth.

UNIT V PHYSIOLOGICAL CONTROL SYSTEM Example of physiological control system, difference between engineering and physiological control

systems, generalized system properties, models with combination of system elements, linear

models of physiological systems-Examples, introduction to simulation.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Demonstrate the need for mathematical modeling of various systems, representation of

systems in block diagrams and signal flow graphs and are introduced to biological control


CO2. Analyze the time response of various systems and discuss the concept of system stability

CO3. Analyze the frequency response characteristics of various systems using different charts

CO4. Describe the concept of modeling basic physiological systems

CO5. Comprehend the application aspects of time and frequency response analysis in physiological

control systems.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. M. Gopal “Control Systems Principles and Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2002 (Units I, II, III &


2. Michael C K Khoo, “Physiological Control Systems”, IEEE Press, Prentice Hall of India, 2001 (Unit V).


1. Benjamin C. Kuo, “Automatic Control Systems”, Prentice Hall of India, 1995. 2. John Enderle Susan Blanchard, Joseph Bronzino “Introduction to Biomedical

Engineering”, second edition, Academic Press, 2005.

3. Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop, “Modern control systems”, Pearson, 2004.


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The student should be made to: • Understand the medical devices applied in measurement of parameters related to

cardiology, neurology and the methods of continuous monitoring and transmitting them

• Learn some of the cardiac assist devices

• Learn to measure the signals generated by muscles • Understand the need and use of some of the extracorporeal devices

UNIT I CARDIAC EQUIPMENT Electrocardiograph, Normal and Abnormal Waves, Heart rate monitor, Holter Monitor, Phonocardiography, Plethysmography. Cardiac Pacemaker- Internal and External

Pacemaker– Batteries, AC and DC Defibrillator- Internal and External3

UNIT II NEUROLOGICAL EQUIPMENT Clinical significance of EEG, Multi channel EEG recording system, Epilepsy, Evoked Potential–Visual,

Auditory and Somatosensory, MEG (Magneto Encephalo Graph). EEG Bio Feedback Instrumentation.

UNIT III SKELETAL MUSCULAR EQUIPMENT Generation of EMG, recording and analysis of EMG waveforms, fatigue characteristics, Muscle

stimulators, nerve stimulators, Nerve conduction velocity measurement, EMG Bio Feedback Instrumentation.

UNIT IV PATIENT MONITORING AND BIOTELEMETRY Patient monitoring systems, ICU/CCU Equipments, Infusion pumps, bed side monitors,

Central consoling controls. Radio Telemetry (single, multi), Portable and Landline Telemetry unit, Applications in ECG and EEG Transmission.


Need for heart lung machine, functioning of bubble, disc type and membrane type oxygenerators,

finger pump, roller pump, electronic monitoring of functional parameter. Hemo Dialyser unit,

Lithotripsy, Principles of Cryogenic technique and application, Endoscopy, Laproscopy. Thermography – Recording and clinical application, ophthalmic instruments.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Use different medical devices applied in measurement of parameters related to cardiology,

CO2. Demonstrate the equipment used in neurologyCO3. Explain about cardiac assist devices, its continuous monitoring and transmissionCO4. Measure signals generated by musclesCO5. Explain the function of extra corporeal devices and special diagnostic techniques.


1. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.

REFERENCES: 1. Myer Kutz, “Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design”, Mc Graw Hill, 2003.

2. L.A Geddes and L.E.Baker, “Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation”, 3rd Edition,


3. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007.

4. Antony Y.K.Chan, ”Biomedical Device Technology, Principles and design”, Charles Thomas

Publisher Ltd, Illinois, USA, 2008. 5. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”,

Pearson education, 2004. 6. John G.Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, third edition, John Wiley

and Sons, New York, 2006.


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OBJECTIVES The student should be made to:

Learn characteristics and classification of Biomaterials Understand different metals and ceramics used as biomaterials Learn polymeric materials and combinations that could be used as a tissue

replacement implants

Know artificial organ developed using these materials

UNIT I STRUCTURE OF BIO-MATERIALS AND BIO-COMPATIBILITY Definition and classification of bio-materials, mechanical properties, visco elasticity, wound healing process, body response to implants, blood compatibility.

UNIT II IMPLANT MATERIALS Metallic implant materials, stainless steels, co-based alloys, Ti-based alloys, ceramic implant

materials, aluminum oxides, hydroxyapatite, glass ceramics, carbons, medical applications.

UNIT III POLYMERIC IMPLANT MATERIALS Polymerization, polyamides, Acryrilic polymers, rubbers, high strength Thermoplastics, medical

applications. Bio polymers: Collagen and Elastin. Medical Textiles: Silica, Chitosan, PLA composites,

Sutures, wound dressings. Materials for ophthalmology: contact lens, Intraocular lens. Membranes

for plasma separation and Blood oxygenation.

UNIT IV TISSUE REPLACEMENT IMPLANTS Small intestinal submucosa and other decullarized matrix biomaterials for tissue repair.

Softtissue replacements, sutures, surgical tapes, adhesive, Percutaneous and skin implants,

maxillofacial augmentation, Vascular grafts, hard tissue replacement Implants, joint replacements, Pancreas replacement.

UNIT V ARTIFICIAL ORGANS Artificial blood, Artificial skin, Artificial Heart, Prosthetic Cardiac Valves, Artificial lung

(oxygenator), Artificial Kidney (Dialyser membrane), Dental Implants.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Analyze different types of Biomaterials and its classification and apply the concept of

nanotechnology towards biomaterials use.

CO2. Identify significant gap required to overcome challenges and further development in metallic

and ceramic materials, polymer materials.

CO3. Gain adequate knowledge about artificial organs & transplants

CO4. Have in-depth knowledge about Artificial organs

CO5. Develop a knowledge on blood interfacing implants and testing of Biomaterials

REFERENCES: 1. Park J.B., “Biomaterials Science and Engineering”, Plenum Press, 1984.

2. Myer Kutz, “Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design” Mc Graw Hill, 2003 3. John Enderle, Joseph D. Bronzino, Susan M.Blanchard, “Introduction to

Biomedical Engineering”, Elsevier, 2005. 4. A.C Anand, J F Kennedy, M.Miraftab, S.Rajendran,“Woodhead Medical Textiles

and Biomaterials for Healthcare”, Publishing Limited 2006. 5. D F Williams, “Materials Science and Technology: Volume 14, Medical and Dental Materials:

A comprehensive Treatment Volume”, VCH Publishers 1992.

6. BD Ratner, AS Hoffmann,FJ Schoen, JE Lemmons, “An introduction to Materials in Medicine”

Academic Press 1996


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OBJECTIVES: The students will be exposed to electrical and non-electrical physiological measurements and bioamplifiers.

UNIT I BIO POTENTIAL ELECTRODES Origin of bio potential and its propagation. Electrode-electrolyte interface, electrode–skin interface,

half cell potential, impedance, polarization effects of electrode – nonpolarizable electrodes. Types of electrodes - surface, needle and micro electrodes and their equivalent circuits. Recording problems

- measurement with two electrodes.

UNIT II ELECTRODE CONFIGURATIONS Biosignals characteristics – frequency and amplitude ranges. ECG – Einthoven‟s triangle, standard 12 lead system. EEG – 10-20 electrode system, unipolar, bipolar and average mode. EMG– unipolar and

bipolar mode.

UNIT III BIO AMPLIFIER Need for bio-amplifier - single ended bio-amplifier, differential bio-amplifier – right leg driven

ECG amplifier. Band pass filtering, isolation amplifiers – transformer and optical isolation -

isolated DC amplifier and AC carrier amplifier. Chopper amplifier. Power line interference


Temperature, respiration rate and pulse rate measurements. Blood Pressure: indirect methods - auscultatory method, oscillometric method, direct methods: electronic manometer, Pressure

amplifiers - systolic, diastolic, mean detector circuit. Blood flow and cardiac output measurement:

Indicator dilution, thermal dilution and dye dilution method, Electromagnetic and ultrasound

blood flow measurement.

UNIT V BIO-CHEMICAL MEASUREMENT Biochemical sensors - pH, pO2 and pCO2, Ion selective Field effect Transistor (ISFET),

Immunologically sensitive FET (IMFET), Blood glucose sensors - Blood gas analyzers,

colorimeter, flame photometer, spectrophotometer, blood cell counter, auto analyzer (simplified

schematic description).


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Differentiate different bio potentials and its propagations.

CO2. Illustrate different electrode placement for various physiological recordings

CO3. Design bio amplifier for various physiological recordings

CO4. Explain various technique for non-electrical physiogical measurements

CO5. Demonstrate different biochemical measurement techniques


1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice hall of India, New

Delhi, 2007. 2. Myer Kutz, “Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering and Design”, McGraw Hill

Publisher, 2003.

3. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”, Pearson Education, 2004.


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The student should be made to:

Study the Architecture of 8086 microprocessor. Learn the design aspects of I/O and Memory Interfacing circuits. Study about communication and bus interfacing. Study the Architecture of 8051 microcontroller.

UNIT I THE 8086 MICROPROCESSOR Introduction to 8086 – Microprocessor architecture – Addressing modes - Instruction set and

assembler directives – Assembly language programming – Modular Programming - Linking and

Relocation - Stacks - Procedures – Macros – Interrupts and interrupt service routines – Byte

and String Manipulation.

UNIT II 8086 SYSTEM BUS STRUCTURE 8086 signals – Basic configurations – System bus timing –System design using 8086 – IO

programming – Introduction to Multiprogramming – System Bus Structure - Multiprocessor

configurations – Coprocessor, Closely coupled and loosely Coupled configurations – Introduction

to advanced processors.

UNIT III I/O INTERFACING Memory Interfacing and I/O interfacing - Parallel communication interface – Serial communication

interface – D/A and A/D Interface - Timer – Keyboard /display controller – Interrupt controller – DMA

controller – Programming and applications Case studies: Traffic Light control, LED display , LCD

display, Keyboard display interface and Alarm Controller.

UNIT IV MICROCONTROLLER Architecture of 8051 – Special Function Registers(SFRs) - I/O Pins Ports and Circuits - Instruction set - Addressing modes - Assembly language programming.

UNIT V INTERFACING MICROCONTROLLER Programming 8051 Timers - Serial Port Programming - Interrupts Programming – LCD & Keyboard Interfacing - ADC, DAC & Sensor Interfacing - External Memory Interface- Stepper

Motor and Waveform generation.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Design and implement programs on 8086 microprocessor.CO2. Design I/O circuits.CO3. Design Memory Interfacing circuits.CO4. Design and implement 8051 microcontroller based systems.CO5. Develop a program for interfacing microcontroller

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Yu-Cheng Liu, Glenn A.Gibson, “Microcomputer Systems: The 8086 / 8088 Family -

Architecture, Programming and Design”, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007. 2. Mohamed Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin McKinlay, “The 8051 Microcontroller and

Embedded Systems: Using Assembly and C”, Second Edition, Pearson education,2011

REFERENCE: 1. Doughlas V.Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing, Programming and Hardware:,TMH,2012


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Understand the principles, practices and areas of application in Hospital management.

UNIT I OVERVIEW OF HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION Distinction between Hospital and Industry, Challenges in Hospital Administration – Hospital Planning – Equipment Planning – Functional Planning - Current Issues in Hospital Management - Telemedicine - Bio-Medical Waste Management

UNIT II HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN HOSPITAL Principles of HRM – Functions of HRM – Profile of HRD Manager – Tools of HRD –Human Resource

Inventory – Manpower Planning. Different Departments of Hospital, Recruitment, Selection,

Training Guidelines –Methods of Training – Evaluation of Training – Leadership grooming and Training, Promotion – Transfer.

UNIT III MARKETING RESEARCH & CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR Marketing information systems - assessing information needs, developing & disseminating information -

Market Research process - Other market research considerations – Consumer Markets & Consumer Buyer Behaviour - Model of consumer behaviour - Types of buying decision behaviour -

The buyer decision process - Model of business buyer behaviour – Major types of buying situations

– global marketing in the medical sector - WTO and its implications

UNIT IV HOSPITAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS & SUPPORTIVE SERVICES Management Decisions and Related Information Requirement - Clinical Information Systems -

Administrative Information Systems - Support Service Technical Information Systems –

Medical Transcription, Medical Records Department – Central Sterilization and Supply

Department – Pharmacy– Food Services - Laundry Services.

UNIT V QUALITY AND SAFETY ASPECTS IN HOSPITAL Quality system – Elements, implementation of quality system, Documentation, Quality auditing,

International Standards ISO 9000 – 9004 – Features of ISO 9001 – ISO 14000 – Environment

Management Systems. NABA, JCI, NABL. Security – Loss Prevention – Fire Safety – Alarm System –

Safety Rules. Health Insurance & Managing Health Care – Medical Audit – Hazard and Safety in a

hospital Setup.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Explain the principles, practices and areas of application in Hospital Management.

CO2. Illustrate the function of human resource management in hospital

CO3. Demonstrate marketing research and consumer behavior

CO4. Describe the hospital information systems and supportive services.

CO5. Analyze the quality and safety aspects in hospital.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. R.C.Goyal, “Hospital Administration and Human Resource Management”, PHI – Fourth Edition,

2006 its I, II & III). 2. G.D.Kunders, “Hospitals – Facilities Planning and Management – TMH, New Delhi – Fifth

Reprint 2007 (Units III, IV & V).


1. Cesar A.Caceres and Albert Zara, “The Practice of Clinical Engineering, Academic Press, New

York, 1977. 2. Norman Metzger, “Handbook of Health Care Human Resources Management”, 2nd edition

Aspen Publication Inc. Rockville, Maryland, USA, 1990. 3. Peter Berman “Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries” - Harvard University Press,

1995. 4. William A. Reinke “Health Planning For Effective Management” - Oxford University Press.1988 5. Blane, David, Brunner, “Health and SOCIAL Organization: Towards a Health Policy for the


Century” Eric Calrendon Press 2002. 51

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The student should be made to:

Introduce ALP concepts and features Write ALP for arithmetic and logical operations in 8086 and 8051 Differentiate Serial and Parallel Interface Interface different I/Os with Microprocessors Be familiar with MASM


8086 Programs using kits and MASM

1. Basic arithmetic and Logical operations 2. Move a data block without overlap

3. Code conversion, decimal arithmetic and Matrix operations.

4. Floating point operations, string manipulations, sorting and searching 5. Password checking, Print RAM size and system date

6. Counters and Time Delay

Peripherals and Interfacing Experiments 7. Traffic light control

8. Stepper motor control

9. Digital clock

10. Key board and Display 11. Printer status

12. Serial interface and Parallel interface

13. A/D and D/A interface and Waveform Generation

8051 Experiments using kits and MASM

14. Basic arithmetic and Logical operations

15. Square and Cube program, Find 2‟s complement of a number 16. Unpacked BCD to ASCII

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Write ALP Programmes for fixed and Floating Point and ArithmeticCO2. Interface different I/Os with processorCO3. Generate waveforms using MicroprocessorsCO4. Execute Programs in 8051CO5. Explain the difference between simulator and Emulator


8086 development kits - 30 nos

Interfacing Units - Each 10 nos Microcontroller - 30 nos


Intel Desktop Systems with MASM - 30 nos 8086 Assembler

8051 Cross Assembler


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OBJECTIVES: To provide hands on training on Measurement of physiological parameters , biochemical

parameters measurement and biosignal analysis.


1. Design and analysis of biological pre amplifiers 2. Recording of ECG signal and analysis

3. Recording of EMG-Signal

4. Recording of EEG-Signal 5. Recording of various physiological parameters using patient monitoring system and telemetry


6. Measurement of pH and conductivity.

7. Measurement and recording of peripheral blood flow 8. Measurement of visually evoked potential.

9. Study of characteristics of optical Isolation amplifier

10. Galvanic skin resistance (GSR) measurement


Multiparameter patient monitoring system : 1 No. EEG recorder with accessories for evoked studies : 1 No. ECG recorder : 1 No. EMG recorder : 1 No. pH meter, conductivity meter : 1 No. Blood flow measurement system using ultrasound transducer: 1 No. GSR measurement setup. : 1 No. Function Generators DSOs Regulated Power supplies Bread boards IC 741


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Design the amplifier for Bio signal measurements

CO2. Recording and analysis of bio signals


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Understand generation of x-rays and its uses in imaging. Learn different types of radio diagnostic techniques. Know techniques used for visualizing different sections of the body. Learn radiation therapy methodologies and the radiation safety.

UNIT I MEDICAL X-RAY EQUIPMENT Nature of X-rays- X-Ray absorption – Tissue contrast. X- Ray Equipment (Block Diagram) – X-Ray

Tube, the collimator, Bucky Grid, power supply, Digital Radiography- discrete digital detectors, storage

phosphor and film scanning, X-ray Image Intensifier tubes – Fluoroscopy – Digital Fluoroscopy.

Angiography, cine Angiography. Digital subtraction Angiography. Mammography.

UNIT II COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY Principles of tomography, CT Generations, X- Ray sources- collimation- X- Ray detectors-

Viewing systems- spiral CT scanning – Ultra fast CT scanners. Image reconstruction techniques-

back projection and iterative method.

UNIT III MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING Fundamentals of magnetic resonance- Interaction of Nuclei with static magnetic field and Radio

frequency wave- rotation and precession – Induction of magnetic resonance signals – bulk

magnetization – Relaxation processes T1 and T2. Block Diagram approach of MRI system- system

magnet (Permanent, Electromagnet and Super conductors), generations of gradient magnetic fields, Radio Frequency coils (sending and receiving), shim coils, Electronic components, fMRI.

UNIT IV NUCLEAR MEDICINE SYSTEM Radio Isotopes- alpha, beta, and gamma radiations. Radio Pharmaceuticals. Radiation detectors – gas filled, ionization chambers, proportional counter, GM counter and scintillation Detectors, Gamma camera- Principle of operation, collimator, photo multiplier tube, X-Y positioning circuit,

pulse height analyzer. Principles of SPECT and PET.

UNIT V RADIATION THERAPY AND RADIATION SAFETY Radiation therapy – linear accelerator, Telegamma Machine. SRS –SRT,-Recent Techniques in

radiation therapy - 3DCRT – IMRT – IGRT and Cyber knife- radiation measuring instruments-

Dosimeter, film badges, Thermo Luminescent dosimeters- electronic dosimeter- Radiation protection

in medicine- radiation protection principles.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Describe the working principle of X ray machine and its application.

CO2. Illustrate the principle computed tomography.

CO3. Interpret the technique used for visualizing various sections of the body using

magnetic resonance imaging

CO4. Demonstrate the applications of radio nuclide imaging.

CO5. Outline the methods of radiation safety.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Steve Webb, The Physics of Medical Imaging, Adam Hilger, Philadelpia, 1988 (Units I, II, III

& IV). 2. R.Hendee and Russell Ritenour “Medical Imaging Physics”, Fourth Edition William, Wiley-Liss,


REFERENCES: 1. Gopal B. Saha “Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine”- Third edition Springer, 2006. 2. B.H.Brown, PV Lawford, R H Small wood , D R Hose, D C Barber, “Medical physics and

biomedical Engineering”, - CRC Press, 1999.

3. Myer Kutz, “Standard handbook of Biomedical Engineering and design”, McGraw Hill, 2003. 4. P.Ragunathan, “Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy in Medicine


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Be exposed to principles of mechanics. Learn the mechanics of physiological systems. Be familiar with the mathematical models used in the analysis of biomechanical systems

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO MECHANICS Principles of Mechanics, Vector mechanics, Mechanics of motion - Newton‟s laws of motion, Kinetics,

Kinematics of motion, Fluid mechanics – Euler equations and Navier Stoke‟s equations,

Viscoelasticity, Constitutive equations, Stress transformations, Strain energy function.

UNIT II BIOFLUID MECHANICS Introduction, viscosity and capillary viscometer, Rheological properties of blood, laminar flow,

Couette flow and Hagen-poiseuille equation, turbulent flow. Cardiovascular system - biological and

mechanical valves development, artificial heart valves testing of valves, Structure, functions,

material properties and modeling of Blood vessels.

UNIT III BIOSOLID MECHANICS Hard Tissues: Bone structure & composition mechanical properties of bone, cortical and

cancellous bones, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models – anisotropy. Soft Tissues: Structure, functions, material properties and modeling of Soft Tissues:

Cartilage, Tendon, Ligament, Muscle.

UNIT IV BIOMECHANICS OF JOINTS AND IMPLANTS Skeletal joints, forces and stresses in human joints, Analysis of rigid bodies in equilibrium, free

body diagrams, types of joint, biomechanical analysis of elbow, shoulder, spinal column, hip knee

and ankle. Design of orthopedic implant, specifications for a prosthetic joint, biocompatibility,

requirement of a biomaterial, characteristics of different types of biomaterials, manufacturing

process of implants, fixation of implants.

UNIT V MODELLING AND ERGONOMICS Introduction to Finite Element Analysis, Analysis of bio mechanical systems using Finite element

methods, Graphical design. Ergonomics- Gait analysis, Design of work station, Sports

biomechanics, Injury mechanics.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the mechanics of physiological systems.CO2. Analyze the biomechanical systems.CO3. Design orthopaedic applications.CO4. Describe the biomechanics of joints and implants CO5. Learn the modeling and ergonomics.


1. Y.C. Fung, “Bio-Mechanics- Mechanical Properties of Tissues”, Springer-Verlag, 1998. 2. Duane Knudson, “Fundamentals of Biomechanics”, Second Edition Springer Science+Business

Media, 2007 3. Marcelo Epstein, “The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics”, ISBN: 978-1-119-99923-2, 2012.

REFERENCES: 1. Jay D. Humphrey, Sherry De Lange, “An Introduction to Biomechanics: Solids and

Fluids, Analysis and Design” , Springer Science+Business Media, 2004. 2. Shrawan Kumar, “Biomechanics in Ergonomics”, Second Edition, CRC Press 2007.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

• Gather basic knowledge about measurements of parameters related to respiratory system

• Learn measurement techniques of sensory responses • Understand different types and uses of diathermy units.

• Know ultrasound imaging technique and its use in diagnosis

• Know the importance of patient safety against electrical hazard

UNIT I RESPIRATORY MEASUREMENT STSTEM Instrumentation for measuring the mechanics of breathing – Spirometer -Lung Volume and vital

capacity, measurements of residual volume, pneumotachometer – Airway resistance measurement, Whole body plethysmography, Intra-Alveolar and Thoracic pressure measurements, Apnea Monitor.

Types of Ventilators – Pressure, Volume, Time controlled. Flow, Patient Cycle Ventilators,

Humidifiers, Nebulizers, Inhalators.

UNIT II SENSORY MEASUREMENT Psycho Physiological Measurements-for testing and sensory Responses, Electro occulograph, Electro retinograph, Audiometer-Pure tone, Speech. EGG (Electrogastrograph), galvanic skin

resistance (GSR).

UNIT III DIATHERMY IR and UV lamp and its application. Short wave diathermy, ultrasonic diathermy, Microwave

diathermy, Electro surgery machine - Current waveforms, Tissue Responses, Electro surgical

current level, Hazards and safety procedures. UNIT IV ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUE Diagnosis: Tissue Reaction, Basic principles of Echo technique, display techniques A, B and M

mode, B Scan, Application of ultrasound as diagnostic tool – Echocardiogram, Echoencephalogram,

abdomen, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology. UNIT V PATIENT SAFETY Physiological effects of electricity – important susceptibility parameters – Macro shock – Micro shock

hazards – Patient‟s electrical environment – Isolated Power system – Conductive surfaces –

Electrical safety codes and standards – Basic Approaches to Protection against shock, Protection equipment design, Electrical safety analyzer – Testing the Electric system


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain about measurements of parameters related to respiratory system

CO2. Describe the measurement techniques of sensory responses CO3. Analyze different types and uses of diathermy units

CO4. Discuss ultrasound imaging techniques and its usefulness in diagnosis

CO5. Outline the importance of patient safety against electrical hazard


1. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.


1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, New

Delhi, 2007 2. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Willey and Sons,


3. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”,

Pearson Education, 2004. 4. Richard Aston “Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Merril Publishing

Company, 1990.

5. L.A Geddas and L.E.Baker “Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation” 2004.

6. John G. Webster, “Bioinstrumentation”, John Willey and sons, New York, 2004. 7. Myer Kutz “Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design”, McGraw-Hill Publisher,



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To learn discrete Fourier transform and its properties To know the characteristics of IIR and FIR filters learn the design of infinite and finite

impulse response filters for filtering undesired signals To understand Finite word length effects To study the concept of Multirate and adaptive filters

UNIT I DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM Discrete Signals and Systems- A Review – Introduction to DFT – Properties of DFT – Circular Convolution - Filtering methods based on DFT – FFT Algorithms –Decimation in time Algorithms,

Decimation in frequency Algorithms – Use of FFT in Linear Filtering.

UNIT II IIR FILTER DESIGN Structures of IIR – Analog filter design – Discrete time IIR filter from analog filter – IIR filter design

by Impulse Invariance, Bilinear transformation, Approximation of derivatives – (LPF, HPF, BPF, BRF)

filter design using frequency translation.

UNIT III FIR FILTER DESIGN Structures of FIR – Linear phase FIR filter – Fourier Series - Filter design using windowing

techniques (Rectangular Window, Hamming Window, Hanning Window), Frequency sampling

techniques – Finite word length effects in digital Filters: Errors, Limit Cycle, Noise Power Spectrum.

UNIT IV FINITE WORDLENGTH EFFECTS Fixed point and floating point number representations – ADC –Quantization- Truncation and

Rounding errors - Quantization noise – coefficient quantization error – Product quantization error –

Overflow error – Roundoff noise power - limit cycle oscillations due to product round off and overflow

errors – Principle of scaling


Multirate signal processing: Decimation, Interpolation, Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor – Adaptive Filters: Introduction, Applications of adaptive filtering to equalization.

OUTCOMES: Upon completion of the course, students will be able to

CO1. apply DFT for the analysis of digital signals & systemsCO2. design IIR and FIR filtersCO3. characterize finite Word length effect on filtersCO4. design the Multirate FiltersCO5. apply Adaptive Filters to equalization

TEXT BOOK: 1. John G. Proakis & Dimitris G.Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms &

Applications”, Fourth Edition, Pearson Education / Prentice Hall, 2007.


1. Emmanuel C..Ifeachor, & Barrie.W.Jervis, “Digital Signal Processing”, Second Edition, Pearson

Education / Prentice Hall, 2002.

2. Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing – A Computer Based Approach”, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2007.

3. A.V.Oppenheim, R.W. Schafer and J.R. Buck, “Discrete-Time Signal Processing”, 8th Indian Reprint, Pearson, 2004.

4. Andreas Antoniou, “Digital Signal Processing”, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2006.


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The student should be made to:

Understand analog and digital communication techniques Learn data and pulse communication techniques Be familiarized with source and Error control coding Gain knowledge on multi-user radio communication

UNIT I ANALOG COMMUNICATION Noise: Source of Noise - External Noise- Internal Noise - Noise Calculation. Introduction to

Communication Systems: Modulation – Types - Need for Modulation. Theory of Amplitude Modulation - Evolution and Description of SSB Techniques - Theory of Frequency and Phase Modulation –

Comparison of various Analog Communication System (AM – FM – PM).

UNIT II DIGITAL COMMUNICATION Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) – Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Minimum Shift Keying (MSK) –Phase

Shift Keying (PSK) – BPSK – QPSK – 8 PSK – 16 PSK - Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) – 8

QAM – 16 QAM – Bandwidth Efficiency– Comparison of various Digital Communication System (ASK – FSK – PSK – QAM).

UNIT III DATA AND PULSE COMMUNICATION Data Communication: History of Data Communication - Standards Organizations for Data

Communication- Data Communication Circuits - Data Communication Codes - Error Detection and

Correction Techniques - Data communication Hardware - serial and parallel interfaces. Pulse Communication: Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) – Pulse Time Modulation (PTM) – Pulse code Modulation (PCM) - Comparison of various Pulse Communication System (PAM – PTM – PCM)

0UNIT IV SOURCE AND ERROR CONTROL CODING Entropy, Source encoding theorem, Shannon fano coding, Huffman coding, mutual information,

channel capacity, channel coding theorem, Error Control Coding, linear block codes, cyclic codes, convolution codes, viterbi decoding algorithm

UNIT V MULTI-USER RADIO COMMUNICATION Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) - Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) - Code division multiple access (CDMA) – Cellular Concept and Frequency Reuse - Channel Assignment and

Hand off - Overview of Multiple Access Schemes - Satellite Communication - Bluetooth.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Apply analog and digital communication techniquesCO2. Use data and pulse communication techniquesCO3. Analyze Source and Error control codingCO4. Utilize multi-user radio communicationCO5. Describe the multiuser radio communication


1. Wayne Tomasi, “Advanced Electronic Communication Systems”, 6th Edition, Pearson Education, 2009.


1. Simon Haykin, “Communication Systems”, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2004 2. Rappaport T.S, "Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice", 2nd Edition,

Pearson Education, 2007 3. H.Taub, D L Schilling and G Saha, “Principles of Communication”, 3rd Edition, Pearson

Education, 2007. 4. B. P.Lathi, “Modern Analog and Digital Communication Systems”, 3rd Edition, Oxford

University Press, 2007.

5. Blake, “Electronic Communication Systems”, Thomson Delmar Publications, 2002. 6. Martin S.Roden, “Analog and Digital Communication System”, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall

of India, 2002. 7. B.Sklar, “Digital Communication Fundamentals and Applications” 2

nd Edition

Pearson Education, 2007.


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The student should be made to:

To implement Linear and Circular Convolution To implement FIR and IIR filters To study the architecture of DSP processor To demonstrate Finite word length effect



1. Generation of sequences (functional & random) & correlation 2. Linear and Circular Convolutions

3. Spectrum Analysis using DFT

4. FIR filter design 5. IIR filter design

6. Multirate Filters

7. Equalization


8. Study of architecture of Digital Signal Processor

9. MAC operation using various addressing modes

10. Linear Convolution 11. Circular Convolution

12. FFT Implementation

13. Waveform generation 14. IIR and FIR Implementation

15. Finite Word Length Effect

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Carry out simulation of DSP systemsCO2. Demonstrate their abilities towards DSP processor based implementation of DSP

systemsCO3. Analyze Finite word length effect on DSP systemsCO4. Demonstrate the applications of FFT to DSPCO5. Implement adaptive filters for various applications of DSP

LAB EQUIPMENT FOR A BATCH OF 30 STUDENTS (2 students per system)

PCs with Fixed / Floating point DSP Processors (Kit / Add-on Cards) 15 Units

List of software required: MATLAB with Simulink and Signal Processing Tool Box or Equivalent Software in desktop systems

-15 Nos

Signal Generators (1MHz) – 15 Nos CRO (20MHz) -15 Nos


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• To provide practice on recording and analysis of different Bio potentials

• Study the function of different Therapeutic equipments.


1. Simulation of ECG – detection of QRS complex and heart rate 2. Study of shortwave and ultrasonic diathermy

3. Study of biotelemetry

4. Electrical safety measurements.

5. Measurement of Respiratory parameters using spirometry. 6. Study of medical stimulator.

7. Study of ESU – cutting and coagulation modes

8. Recording of Audiogram 9. Design of ECG amplifier, recording and analysis using Lab View


Multioutput power supply (+15v, -15v, +30V variable, +5V , 2A) 2 Nos. Short wave Diathermy 1 No.

Ultrasound diathermy 1 No. Single parameter biotelemetry system 1 No.

Electrical Safety Analyser 1 No. Spirometry with associated analysis system 1 No.

ECG Simulator 1 No.

Medical stimulator 1 No Surgical diathermy with analyzer 1 No

Audiometer 1No

Lab View.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. analyze the Bio medical signalsCO2. check the safety of any medical CO3. have the knowledge about therapeutic equipments.


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UNIT I LISTENING/ VIEWING SKILLS Listening to lectures, discussions - talk shows - news programmes - interviews – instructions - dialogues – Speeches of different nationalities with focus on American and British accent – Inspiring

speeches – telephonic conversations – discussion to answer different kinds of questions – Watching documentaries on personalities, places, socio-cultural events.

UNIT II SPEAKING SKILLS Conversational skills – Interview skills – Making Presentations - Group Discussion – Introducing

oneself and others – Role Play – Debate – Panel Discussion – telephonic communication - attending

job interviews.

UNIT III READING SKILLS Reading different genres of texts from Newspapers, Literature, Media, Technical – Vocabulary building – speed reading (skimming & scanning) – Reading online sources like e-books, e-journals

and e-newspapers – critical reading – Facts and Fiction – Sumarizing & intrepretation.


Writing Job applications – cover letter – resume - emails – letters/ Recomendations and Instructions/ Writing for media on current events/ Report Writing/ English for National &

International Examination (TOEFL, IELTS, GRE, IAS Language related)

UNIT V SOFT SKILLS & EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS Motivation – Self Image – Goal Setting – Time management – Creative & Critical Thinking – Learning

Style & Strategies – Gestures – Eye Contact.


Sl.No. Description of equipment (Minimum Oty

Configuration) Required

1. Server 1 No.


1 GB RAM / 40 GB HDD

OS : Win 2000 server

Audio card with Headphones

JRE 1.3

2. Client Systems 60 Nos.

PIII System

256 or 512 MB RAM / 40 GB HDD

OS : Win 2000

Audio Card with headphones

JRE 1.3

3. Handicam 1 No.

4. Television 46” 1 No.

5. Collar Mike 1 No.

6. Cordless Mike 1 No.

7. Audio Mixer 1 No.

8. DVD recorder / Player 1 No.

9. LCD projector with MP3/ CD/ DVD provision for 1 No. Audio/video facility


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OBJECTIVES: The course will introduce the student to the fundamentals of pattern recognition and

its application. The course will discuss several supervised and unsupervised algorithms suitable for

pattern classification. Particular emphasis will be given to computational methods such as linear discriminant functions and nearest neighbor rule.

The course also covers basic neural network architectures and learning algorithms, for applications in pattern recognition, image processing, and computer vision.

The major focus of this course will be on the use of Pattern and Neural Classifiers for classification applications.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND SUPERVISED LEARNING Overview of Pattern recognition, Types of Pattern recognition, Parametric and Nonparametric approach, Bayesian classifier, Discriminant function, non parametric density estimation,

histograms, kernels, window estimators, k- nearest neighbor classifier, estimation of error rates.

UNIT II UNSUPERVISED LEARNING AND CLUSTERING ANALYSIS Unsupervised learning- Hierarchial clustering- Single-linkage Algorithm, Complete – linkage Algorithm, Average-linkage algorithm and Ward‟s method. Partitional clustering- Forgy‟s Algorithm, k-means algorithm and Isodata Algorithm

UNIT III INTRODUCTION AND SIMPLE NEURAL NET Elementary neurophysiology and biological neural network- Artificial neural network-Architecture, biases and thresholds, Hebb net, Perceptron, Adaline and Madaline.


Back propagation network, generalized delta rule, Bidirectional Associative memory Hopfield Network


Kohonen Self organizing map, Learning Vector Quantisation, Counter Propagation network.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the fundamentals of pattern recognition and neural networks.CO2. Design and apply different pattern recognition techniques to the applications of

interest.CO3. Apply the concepts of simple neural networks CO4. Demonstrate the application of backpropogation and associative memory CO5. Apply the concepts of neural networks.


1. Duda R.O. Hart P.G, “Pattern Classification and scene analysis”, Wiley Edition 2000 (Units I

& II). 2. Hagan, Demuth and Beale, “Neural network design”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd., New

Delhi, 2002 (Units III, IV & V).

REFERENCES: 1. Freeman J.A., and Skapura B.M, “Neural Networks, Algorithms, Applications and

Programming Techniques”, Addison - Wesley, 2003.

2. Earl Gose, Richard Johnsonbaugh Steve Jost, “Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, 1999.

3. Robert Schalkoff, “Pattern recognition, Statistical, Structural and neural approaches” John

Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pvt Ltd., Singapore, 2005. 4. Laurene Fausett, “Fundamentals of neural networks- Architectures, algorithms

and applications”, Prentice Hall, 1994.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Learn ICT applications in medicine with an introduction to health informatics. Understand the theories and practices adopted in Hospital Information Systems in the light of

medical standards, medical data formats and recent trends in Hospital Information Systems.

UNIT I MEDICAL INFORMATICS Introduction – Medical Informatics – Bioinformatics – Health Informatics - Structure of Medical Informatics –Functional capabilities of Hospital Information System - On-line services and Off – line

services - Dialogue with the computer

UNIT II MEDICAL STANDARDS Evolution of Medical Standards – IEEE 11073 - HL7 – DICOM – IRMA - LOINC – HIPPA –Electronics

Patient Records – Healthcare Standard Organizations – JCAHO (Joint Commission on Accreditation

of Healthcare Organization) - JCIA (Joint Commission International Accreditation) - Evidence Based Medicine - Bioethics.

UNIT III MEDICAL DATA STORAGE AND AUTOMATION Representation of Data, Data modeling Techniques, Relational Hierarchical and network Approach,

Normalization techniques for Data handling - Plug-in Data Acquisition and Control Boards – Data

Acquisition using Serial Interface – Medical Data formats – Signal, Image and Video Formats –

Medical Databases - Automation in clinical laboratories - Intelligent Laboratory Information System – PACS.

UNIT IV HEALTH INFORMATICS Bioinformatics Databases, Bio-information technologies, Semantic web and Bioinformatics,

Genome projects, Clinical informatics, Nursing informatics, Public health informatics, Education and Training

UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INFORMATICS Medical Expert Systems, Virtual reality applications in medicine, Virtual Environment – Surgical

simulation - Radiation therapy and planning – Telemedicine – virtual Hospitals - Smart Medical

Homes – Personalized e-health services – Biometrics - GRID and Cloud Computing in Medicine.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Discuss about health informatics and different ICT applications in medicine.CO2. Explain the function of Hospital Information SystemsCO3. Analyze medical standardsCO4. Describe the concepts of health informatics CO5. Integrate knowledge on the recent trends in medical informatics

TEXT BOOKS: 1. R.D.Lele, “Computers in medicine progress in medical informatics”, Tata McGraw Hill

Publishing Ltd, 2005 (Units I, III & IV).

2. Mohan Bansal, “Medical informatics”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Ltd, 2003 (Units II, IV & V).


1. Orpita Bosu and Simminder Kaur Thukral, “Bioinformatics Databases, Tools and Algorithms”,

Oxford University press, 2007. 2. Yi Ping Phoebe Chen, “Bioinformatics Technologies”, Springer International Edition, New Delhi,



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To Study about:

The optical properties of the tissues and the applications of laser in diagnosis and therapy.

UNIT I OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE TISSUES Refraction, Scattering, Absorption, Light transport inside the tissue, Tissue properties, Laser

Characteristics as applied to medicine and biology-Laser tissue Interaction-Chemical-Thermal-

Electromechanical – Photoabalative processes.

UNIT II INSTRUMENTATION IN PHOTONICS Instrumentation for absorption, Scattering and emission measurements, excitation light sources –

high pressure arc lamp, LEDs, Lasers, Optical filters, - optical detectors – Time resolved and

phase resolved detectors.


Lasers in ophthalmology- Dermatology –Dentistry-Urology-Otolaryngology - Tissue welding.

UNIT IV NON THERMAL DIAGNOSTIC APPLICATIONS Optical coherence tomography, Elastography, Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF)-Imaging, FLIM

Raman Spectroscopy and Imaging, FLIM – Holographic and speckle application of lasers in biology and medicine.

UNIT V THERAPEUTIC APPLICATIONS Phototherapy, Photodynamic therapy (PDT) - Principle and mechanism - Oncological and

nononcological applications of PDT - Biostimulation effect – applications-Laser Safety Procedures.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Demonstrate knowledge of the fundamentals of optical properties of tissuesCO2. Describe surgical applications of laser.CO3. Describe photonics and its therapeutic applications.CO4. Apply the concepts in non diagnostic applicationsCO5. Design the system for therapeutic applications

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Markolf H.Niemz, “Laser-Tissue Interaction Fundamentals and Applications”, Springer, 2007 2. Paras N. Prasad, “Introduction to Biophotonics”, A. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Publications,



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The student should be made to:

Learn digital image fundamentals. Be exposed to simple image processing techniques. Be familiar with image compression and segmentation techniques. Learn to represent image in form of features.

UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS Introduction – Origin – Steps in Digital Image Processing – Components – Elements of Visual Perception – Image Sensing and Acquisition – Image Sampling and Quantization –

Relationships between pixels - color models.


Spatial Domain: Gray level transformations – Histogram processing – Basics of Spatial Filtering– Smoothing and Sharpening Spatial Filtering – Frequency Domain: Introduction to Fourier

Transform – Smoothing and Sharpening frequency domain filters – Ideal, Butterworth and Gaussian filters.

UNIT III IMAGE RESTORATION AND SEGMENTATION Noise models – Mean Filters – Order Statistics – Adaptive filters – Band reject Filters – Band pass

Filters – Notch Filters – Optimum Notch Filtering – Inverse Filtering – Wiener filtering

Segmentation: Detection of Discontinuities–Edge Linking and Boundary detection – Region based

segmentation- Morphological processing- erosion and dilation.

UNIT IV WAVELETS AND IMAGE COMPRESSION Wavelets – Subband coding - Multiresolution expansions - Compression: Fundamentals –

Image Compression models – Error Free Compression – Variable Length Coding – Bit-Plane Coding – Lossless Predictive Coding – Lossy Compression – Lossy Predictive Coding – Compression Standards.


Boundary representation – Chain Code – Polygonal approximation, signature, boundary segments – Boundary description – Shape number – Fourier Descriptor, moments- Regional Descriptors –

Topological feature, Texture - Patterns and Pattern classes - Recognition based on matching.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Discuss digital image fundamentals.CO2. Apply image enhancement and restoration techniques.CO3. Use image compression and segmentation Techniques.CO4. Represent features of images.CO5. Write an algorithm for image recognition techniques

TEXT BOOK: 1. Rafael C. Gonzales, Richard E. Woods, “Digital Image Processing”, Third Edition, Pearson

Education, 2010.

REFERENCES: 1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven L. Eddins, “Digital Image Processing

Using MATLAB”, Third Edition Tata McGraw Hill Pvt. Ltd., 2011.

2. Anil Jain K. “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2011. 3. Willliam K Pratt, “Digital Image Processing”, John Willey, 2002.

4. Malay K. Pakhira, “Digital Image Processing and Pattern Recognition”, First Edition, PHI

Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2011.

5. 6.


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To practice the basic image processing techniques. To understand the functions of transforms. To know the effect of quantization. To explore the applications of image processing.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS Simulation using MATLAB (Image processing Tool Box) or equivalent software

1. Image sampling and quantization

2. Analysis of spatial and intensity resolution of images.

3. Intensity transformation of images. 4. DFT analysis of images

5. Transforms (Walsh, Hadamard, DCT, Haar)

6. Histogram Processing 7. Image Enhancement-Spatial filtering

8. Image Enhancement- Filtering in frequency domain

9. Image segmentation – Edge detection, line detection and point detection

10. Basic Morphological operations. 11. Basic Thresholding functions

12. Analysis of images with different color models.

MINI PROJECTS: 1. Applications to Biometric and security

2. Applications to Medical Images

3. Texture analysis with statistical properties 4. Boundary detection


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Perform filtering operations in the imageCO2. Use transforms and analyse the characteristics of the image.CO3. Write program to analyse the texture of the imageCO4. Implement project on simple image processing applications.CO5. Apply image processing technique to solve real world problems

Equipments for a batch of 30 students (2 students per experiment): PCs with related accessories- 15

MATLAB (licensed) or any equivalent software with Image processing tool box

Image processing software tools

REFERENCE: 1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,‟ Digital Image Processing

using MATLAB‟, Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.


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The student should be made to:

Study the principles of rehabilitation. Know new rehabilitation concepts for future development and applications. Learn therapeutic Exercise Techniques. Understand orthopedic prosthetics and orthotics in rehabilitation.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO REHABILITATION & REHABILITATION TEAM: What is Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Rehabilitation, Health, Levels of Prevention, Preventive

Rehabilitation, Diagnosis of Disability, Functional Diagnosis, Importance of Psychiatry in Functional diagnosis, Impairment disability handicap, Primary & secondary Disabilities, Rehabilitation team-

Classification of members, The Role of Psychiatrist, Occupational therapist, Physical therapist,

Recreation therapist, Prosthetist - Orthotist, Speech pathologist, Rehabilitation nurse, Social

worker, Corrective therapist, Psychologist, Music therapist, Dance therapist & Biomedical engineer.

UNIT II PRINCIPLES OF REHABILITATION: Introduction, The Human Component, Principles of Assistive Technology Assessment, Principles

of Rehabilitation Engineering- Key Engineering Principles, Key Ergonomic Principles - Practice of

Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology.

UNIT III THERAPEUTIC EXERCISE TECHNIQUE: Co-ordination exercises, Frenkels exercises, Gait analyses-Pathological Gaits, Gait Training,

Relaxation exercises-Methods for training Relaxation, Strengthening exercises-Strength training,

Types of Contraction, Mobilisation exercises, Endurance exercises.


Impairment-introduction to communication, Aphasia, Types of aphasia, Treatment of aphasic patient, Augmentative communication-general form of communication, types of visual aids, Hearing aids,

Types of conventional hearing aid, Writing aids.

UNIT V ORTHOTIC & PROSTHETIC DEVICES: General orthotics, Classification of orthotics-functional & regional, General principles of Orthosis,

Calipers- FO, AFO, KAFO, HKAFO. Prosthetic devices: Hand and arm replacement, Body powered prosthetics, Myoelectric controlled prosthetics and Externally powered limb prosthetics.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the needs of rehabilitations and its future developmentCO2. Describe therapeutic exercise techniques, Orthopedic Prosthetics, OrthoticsCO3. Understand the therapeutic exercise technique CO4. Learn the principles in management of communication CO5. Apply the concepts in orthodic and prosthetic devices

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Dr. S. Sunder, Rehabilitation Medicine-, 3rd Edition, Jaypee Medical Publications, New Delhi.

2010 (Units I, III, IV & V) 2. Joseph D.Bronzino, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Third Edition: Three Volume Set,

CRC Press, 2006 (Units II & V).

REFERENCES : 1. Rory A Cooper, An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering, Taylor & Francis, CRC

press, 2006. 2. Susan B O‟Sullivan, Thomas J Schmitz, Physical Rehabilitation. 5th Edition, Davis publications,



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OBJECTIVES: To develop the ability to solve a specific problem right from its identification and

literature review till the successful solution of the same. To train the students in preparing project reports and to face reviews and viva voce examination.

The students in a group of 3 to 4 works on a topic approved by the head of the department under

the guidance of a faculty member and prepares a comprehensive project report after completing the work to the satisfaction of the supervisor. The progress of the project is evaluated based on a

minimum of three reviews. The review committee may be constituted by the Head of the

Department. A project report is required at the end of the semester. The project work is evaluated

based on oral presentation and the project report jointly by external and internal examiners

constituted by the Head of the Department.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. take up any challenging practical problems and find solution by formulating proper methodology.


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To provide the students:

An understanding on the physiology and anatomy of studied systems, A capability to analyse cardiac, respiratory, soft tissue and orthopedic mechanics

UNIT I BIO-FLUID MECHANICS Newton‟s laws, Stress, Strain, Elasticity, Hooks-law, viscosity, Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid,

Viscoelastic fluids, vascular tree, Relationship between diameter, velocity and pressure of blood flow,

Resistance against flow. Bioviscoelastic fluid: Viscoelasticity - Viscoelastic models, Maxwell, Voigt

and Kelvin Models, Response to Harmonic variation, Use of viscoelastic models, Bio- Viscoelastic fluids: Protoplasm, Mucus, Saliva, Synovial fluids.

UNIT II FLOW PROPERTIES OF BLOOD: Physical, Chemical and Rheological properties of blood. Apparent and relative viscosity, Blood

viscosity variation: Effect of shear rate, hematocrit, temperature, protein contents of blood. Casson‟s equation, Problems associated with extracorporeal blood flow. Rheology of Blood In

Microvessels: Fahraeus - Lindquist effect and inverse effect, distribution of suspended particles in a narrow rigid tube. Nature of red blood cells in tightly fitting tubes, hematocrit in very

narrow tube.

UNIT III CARDIAC MECHANICS Cardiovascular system. Mechanical properties of blood vessels: arteries, arterioles, capillaries and

veins. Blood flow: Laminar and Turbulent, Physics of cardiovascular diseases, Prosthetic heart valves

and replacements. Respiratory Mechanics: Alveoli mechanics, Interaction of Blood and Lung P-V curve of Lung: Breathing mechanism, Airway resistance, Physics of Lung diseases.

UNIT IV SOFT TISSUE MECHANICS Pseudo elasticity, non-linear stress-strain relationship, Viscoelasticity, Structure, function and mechanical properties of skin, ligaments and tendons.

UNIT V ORTHOPEDIC MECHANICS Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties of Articular cartilage, mechanical properties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints, lubrication of joints.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Discuss on Cardiovascular and pulmanory system in human bodyCO2. Explain blood properties ,especially the anatomy and physiology of blood vesselsCO3. Describe the mechanics of cardiacCO4. Demonstrate the mechanics of soft tissue

CO5. Have in-depth knowledge in orthopedic mechanics

TEXT BOOK: 1. Y.C Fung, “Biomechanics- Mechanical properties of living tissues”, 2nd Edition,

Springer-Verlag, 1993.

REFERENCES: 1. David A. Rubenstein, Weiyin, Mary D. Frame, “Biofluid Mechanics- An Introduction to fluid

Mechanics, Macrocirculation and Microcirculation”, Springer, 2013. 2. Silver Frederick H. Biomaterials, Medical Devices & Tissue Engineering: Chapman & Hall,

London, 1994 3. Nihanth ozkai, D.A Mc Donald ,”Biomechanics, Blood flow in arteries”, Edward Arnold ltd,

1998. 4. D.O Cooney, Biomedical Engineering Principles. Marcel Dekker, INC New York.1976.


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To understand the technologies of fingerprint, iris, face and speech recognition To understand the general principles of design of biometric systems and the

underlying trade-offs. To recognize personal privacy and security implications of biometrics based

identification technology.

To identify issues in the realistic evaluation of biometrics based systems.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO BIOMETRICS Introduction and back ground – biometric technologies – passive biometrics – active biometrics -

Biometric systems – Enrollment – templates – algorithm – verification – Biometric applications – biometric characteristics- Authentication technologies –Need for strong authentication - Protecting

privacy and biometrics and policy – Biometric applications – biometric characteristics

UNIT II FINGERPRINT TECHNOLOGY History of fingerprint pattern recognition - General description of fingerprints - Finger print feature

processing techniques - fingerprint sensors using RF imaging techniques – fingerprint quality assessment

– computer enhancement and modeling of fingerprint images – fingerprint enhancement

– Feature extraction – fingerprint classification – fingerprint matching

UNIT III FACE RECOGNITION AND HAND GEOMETRY Introduction to face recognition, Neural networks for face recognition – face recognition from

correspondence maps – Hand geometry – scanning – Feature Extraction - Adaptive Classifiers - Visual-Based Feature Extraction and Pattern Classification - feature extraction – types of algorithm

– Biometric fusion.

UNIT IV MULTIMODAL BIOMETRICS AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION Voice Scan – physiological biometrics –Behavioral Biometrics - Introduction to multimodal biometric

system – Integration strategies – Architecture – level of fusion – combination strategy –training and adaptability – examples of multimodal biometric systems – Performance evaluation- Statistical

Measures of Biometrics – FAR – FRR – FTE – EER – Memory requirement and allocation.

UNIT V BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION Introduction - Biometric Authentication Methods - Biometric Authentication Systems – Biometric

authentication by fingerprint -Biometric Authentication by Face Recognition. -. Expectation-Maximization

theory - Support Vector Machines. Biometric authentication by fingerprint –biometric authentication by

hand geometry- Securing and trusting a biometric transaction – matching location – local host - authentication server – match on card (MOC) – Multibiometrics and Two-

Factor Authentication


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Demonstrate knowledge engineering principles underlying biometric systems.CO2. Analyze design basic biometric system applications.CO3. Design a system for face recognitionCO4. Design a system for multimodal biometrics and performance evaluationCO5. Apply the concepts for biometric authentication


1. James Wayman, Anil Jain, Davide Maltoni, Dario Maio, “Biometric Systems, Technology Design and Performance Evaluation”, Springer, 2005 (Units I, II, III & IV)

2. S.Y. Kung, S.H. Lin, M.W.Mak, “Biometric Authentication: A Machine Learning Approach”

Prentice Hall, 2005(Unit V)


1. Paul Reid, “Biometrics for Network Security”, Pearson Education, 2004.

2. Nalini K Ratha, Ruud Bolle, “Automatic fingerprint Recognition System”, Springer, 2003 3. L C Jain, I Hayashi, S B Lee, U Halici, “Intelligent Biometric Techniques in Fingerprint and

Face Recognition” CRC Press, 1999.

4. John Chirillo, Scott Blaul, “Implementing Biometric Security”, John Wiley, 2003. 5. Arun A. Ross, Karthik Nanda Kumar, Anil K. Jain, “Handbook of Multibiometrics”, Springer,



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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Explore the potential of a virtual world for delivering application Determine possible instructional designs Understand the limitations Understand the barriers, solutions, and costs associated, including required training

UNIT I INTRODUCTION The three I‟s of virtual reality-commercial VR technology and the five classic components of a VR

system - Input Devices : (Trackers, Navigation, and Gesture Interfaces): Three-dimensional position trackers, navigation and manipulation-interfaces and gesture interfaces-Output Devices:

Graphics displays-sound displays & haptic feedback.

UNIT II MODELING Geometric modeling - kinematics modeling- physical modeling - behaviour modeling -

model management.

UNIT III HUMAN FACTORS Methodology and terminology-user performance studies-VR health and safety issues-Usability of virtual reality system- cyber sickness -side effects of exposures to virtual reality environment

UNIT IV VR PROGRAMMING Introducing Java 3D-loading and manipulating external models-using a lathe to make shapes. 3D Sprites- animated 3D sprites-particle systems.

UNIT V APPLICATIONS Medical applications-military applications-robotics applications- Advanced Real time Tracking-other applications- games, movies, simulations, therapy

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Design a system or process to meet given specifications with realistic engineering

constraints.CO2. Function as a member of an engineering design team.CO3. Utilize technical resourcesCO4. Write technical documents and give technical oral presentations related to design mini

project results.CO5. Describe the applications of virtual reality in medical

TEXT BOOKS: 1. C. Burdea & Philippe Coiffet, “Virtual Reality Technology”, Second Edition, Gregory, John

Wiley & Sons, Inc.,2008 2. Andrew Davison, “Killer Game Programming in Java”, Oreilly SPD, 2005.

REFERENCES: 1. William R.Sherman, Alan Craig, “Understanding Virtual Reality, interface, Application

and Design”, Elsevier, Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.

2. Bill Fleming ,”3D Modeling and surfacing”, Elsevier, Morgan Kauffman, 1999

3. David H.Eberly, “3D Game Engine Design Practical Approach to Real-Time Computer

Graphics”, Elsevier, 2007. 4. John Vince, “Virtual Reality Systems”, Pearson Education, 2007


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To make students understand the basic structure and operation of digital computer. To Familiarize the students with arithmetic and logic unit and implementation of fixed

point and floating-point arithmetic operations.

To expose the students to two types of control unit techniques and the concept of pipelining. To familiarize the students with hierarchical memory system including cache memories

and virtual memory. To expose the students with different ways of communicating with I/O devices and

standard I/O interfaces.

UNIT I DIGITAL DATA REPRESENTATION Introduction to number systems- number base conversions –signed number representation, fixed

and floating point representations, character representation - Computer arithmetic - Addition and Subtraction – Multiplication Algorithms – Division Algorithms – Floating-Point Arithmetic Operations –

Decimal Arithmetic Unit – Decimal Arithmetic Operations. Logical and combinational circuits: logical

operations using gates- logic expression minimization –combinational circuits and flip-flops

classifications of semiconductor memories and memory organization.

UNIT II BASIC COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN Stored program organization (von Neumann architecture), Register Transfer language-Arithmetic Logic-Shift Micro operations, Instruction code timing and control, Instruction cycle Interrupt design

of basic computer- Instruction sets and types, addressing modes, stack organization.

UNIT III PROCESSOR AND CONTROL UNIT Processor basics, CPU organization, data representation, data path design, fixed point arithmetic,

ALU, floating point arithmetic, control design - basic concepts, hardwired control, micro programmed control, pipeline control.

UNIT IV MEMORY AND I/O SYSTEMS Memory technology, memory systems, virtual memory, high speed memories, interleaved memories, caches, design methods, associative memories, input/output system, programmed I/O,

DMA and interrupts, I/O processors.

UNIT V PARALLEL PROCESSING & ARCHITECTURE Parallelism in uniprocessor system, parallel computer structures, architectural classification schemes,

pipelining, instruction and arithmetic pipelining, principles of designing pipelined processors, vector

processing requirements. Architecture: RISC machines, design principles, RISC versus CISC, examples,

RISC architecture, fault tolerant computers, static and dynamic dataflow design.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Design arithmetic and logic unit.CO2. Implement fixed point and floating-point arithmetic units.CO3. Compare and contrast the memory systems.CO4. Compare and contrast the different ways of communicating with I/O devices.CO5. Compare and contrast parallel processing architectures.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. John P.Hayes, “Computer architecture and Organisation‟, Third Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill,

1998. 2. M. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, 3rd Edition, Prentice-Hall of India, 2004.


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1. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “Computer Organisation“,

V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996. 2. William Stallings “Computer Organization and Architecture”, Seventh Edition , Pearson

Education, 2006.

3. Vincent P. Heuring, Harry F. Jordan, “Computer System Architecture”, Second Edition,

Pearson Education, 2005. 4. Ian Mc Loughlin, “Computer Architecture an Embedded Approach”, Tata McGraw Hill Edition,

2012. 5. Govindarajalu, “Computer Architecture and Organization, Design Principles and

Applications", first edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005.

6. Heuring V.P. and Jordan H.F, “Computer Systems Design and Architecture”, second edition,

Addison Wesley, New Delhi, 2002.



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The student should be made to: Understand and appreciate the value and application of Physiological models and Vital organs. Model dynamically varying physiological system Understand methods and techniques for analysis and synthesis of dynamic models Develop differential equations to describe the dynamic models, simulate and

visualize, dynamic responses of physiological models using software.

UNIT I SYSTEM CONCEPT Review of physiological system modeling- system properties- different configurations of tracheal

network, static and dynamic resistance, Thermal resistance in human systems, System with volume

storage capacity and its electrical analog , Simplified model of respiratory system , Simulation of aortic segments ,Comparison of muscle model isotonic response, Step response of resistant /

compliant systems –Dye dilution study of circulation, pulse response of first order system.

UNIT II TRANSFER FUNCTION System as an operator and use of Transfer function, Bio Engineering of coupled systems, Examples of

transformed signals and circuits for transfer function with impedance concept- Development of lung

model, Impedance of a two stage ladder network, Measurement of airway resistance .

UNIT III PERIODIC SIGNALS Sinusoidal Functions, Analysis of Instrumentation to measure air flow system, second order system

– representation of a respiratory system, Evaluation of Transfer function from frequency response

for muscle response modes, Relationship between Phase lag and Time Delay-closed loop aspects of

pupillary control system , Transient Response of an Undamped Second order system, General Description of Natural Frequency Damping, Physical Significance of under damped responses of post

systolic operations in aortic arch.

UNIT IV FEEDBACK Characterization of Physiological Feedback systems- Hypophysis adrenal systems, pupillary hippus,

Uses and Testing of System Stability, Simulation-Hodgkin-Huxley model, Model of cardiovascular


UNIT V SIMULATION OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS Simulation of thermal regulation, pressure and flow control in circulation, occulo motor

system, Endocrinal system, functioning of receptors, introduction to digital control system.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain application of Physiological models.CO2. Model dynamically varying physiological systemCO3. Discuss methods and techniques to analyze and synthesis dynamic modelsCO4. Develop differential equations to describe the dynamic models, simulate and visualizeCO5. Implement physiological models using software to get dynamic responses


1. Willian B. Blesser, “A System Approach to Biomedicine”, Mc Graw Hill Book Co., New York,

1969 (Units I, II, III, IV).

2. Manfreo Clynes and John H.Milsum, “Biomedical Engineering System”, McGraw Hill and Co., New York , 1970 (Unit V).

3. Micheal C.K.Khoo, ”Physiological Control System” Analysis, Simulation and Estimation“.-

Prentice Hall of India , New Delhi , 2001(Unit V).


1. Richard Skalak and Shu Chien, “Hand Book of Biomedical Engineering”, Mc Graw Hill and Co.

New York, 1987. 2. Douglas S.Rigg., “Control Theory and Physiological Feedback Mechanism”, The Wilkliam and

Wilkins Co. Baltimore, 1970. 74

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The student should be made to:

Expose to the need for Bioinformatics tools Be familiar with the modeling techniques Learn microarray analysis Expose to Pattern Matching and Visualization

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Need for Bioinformatics technologies – Overview of Bioinformatics technologies Structural bioinformatics – Data format and processing – Secondary resources and applications – Role of

Structural bioinformatics - Biological Data Integration System.

UNIT II DATAWAREHOUSING AND DATAMINING IN BIOINFORMATICS Bioinformatics data – Data warehousing architecture – data quality – Biomedical data analysis –

DNA data analysis – Protein data analysis – Machine learning – Neural network architecture and

applications in bioinformatics

UNIT III MODELING FOR BIOINFORMATICS Hidden markov modeling for biological data analysis – Sequence identification –Sequence

classification – multiple alignment generation – Comparative modeling –Protein modeling – genomic modeling – Probabilistic modeling – Bayesian networks – Boolean networks - Molecular modeling –

Computer programs for molecular modeling.


Gene regulation – motif recognition – motif detection – strategies for motif detection – Visualization – Fractal analysis – DNA walk models – one dimension – two dimension – higher dimension – Game

representation of Biological sequences – DNA, Protein, Amino acid sequences.

UNIT V MICROARRAY ANALYSIS Microarray technology for genome expression study – image analysis for data extraction –

preprocessing – segmentation – gridding – spot extraction – normalization, filtering – cluster analysis – gene network analysis – Compared Evaluation of Scientific Data Management Systems –

Cost Matrix – Evaluation model - Benchmark – Tradeoffs


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Develop models for biological data

CO2. Describe the concepts of datawarehousing and datamining in bioinformatics

CO3. Model for bioinformatics

CO4. Apply pattern matching techniques to bioinformatics data – protein data genomic data.

CO5. Apply micro array technology for genomic expression study


1. Yi-Ping Phoebe Chen Edition, “BioInformatics Technologies”, First Indian Reprint, Springer

Verlag, 2007.


1. Bryan Bergeron, “Bio Informatics Computing”, Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2003.

2. Arthur M Lesk, “Introduction to Bioinformatics”, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2005


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To facilitate the understanding of Quality Management principles and process.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Introduction - Need for quality - Evolution of quality - Definitions of quality - Dimensions of product

and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM - TQM Framework - Contributions of Deming, Juran

and Crosby - Barriers to TQM - Quality statements - Customer focus - Customer orientation,

Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention - Costs of quality.

UNIT II TQM PRINCIPLES Leadership - Strategic quality planning, Quality Councils - Employee involvement - Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Quality circles Recognition and Reward, Performance appraisal - Continuous process improvement - PDCA cycle, 5S, Kaizen - Supplier partnership - Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating.

UNIT III TQM TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES I The seven traditional tools of quality - New management tools - Six sigma: Concepts, Methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT - Bench marking - Reason to bench mark,

Bench marking process - FMEA - Stages, Types.

UNIT IV TQM TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES II Control Charts - Process Capability - Concepts of Six Sigma - Quality Function Development (QFD) - Taguchi quality loss function - TPM - Concepts, improvement needs - Performance measures.

UNIT V QUALITY SYSTEMS Need for ISO 9000 - ISO 9001-2008 Quality System - Elements, Documentation, Quality Auditing -

QS 9000 - ISO 14000 - Concepts, Requirements and Benefits - TQM Implementation in

manufacturing and service sectors..


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. apply the tools and techniques of quality management to manufacturing and services processes.

TEXT BOOK: 1. Dale H. Besterfiled, et at., "Total quality Management", Pearson Education Asia, Third Edition,

Indian Reprint 2006.

REFERENCES: 1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, "The Management and Control of Quality",

8th Edition, First Indian Edition, Cengage Learning, 2012. 2. Suganthi.L and Anand Samuel, "Total Quality Management", Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd.,

2006. 3. Janakiraman. B and Gopal .R.K., "Total Quality Management - Text and Cases", Prentice Hall

(India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Learn the key principles for telemedicine and health. Understand telemedical technology. Know telemedical standards, mobile telemedicine and it applications.

UNIT I TELEMEDICINE AND HEALTH History and Evolution of telemedicine, Functional diagram of telemedicine system, Telemedicine,

Telehealth, Tele care, Organs of telemedicine, Global and Indian scenario, Ethical and legal aspects

of Telemedicine - Confidentiality, Social and legal issues, Safety and regulatory issues, Advances

in Telemedicine.

UNIT II TELEMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Principles of Multimedia - Text, Audio, Video, data, Data communications and networks,

PSTN,POTS, ANT, ISDN, Internet, Air/ wireless communications: GSM satellite, and Micro wave,

Modulation techniques, Types of Antenna, Integration and operational issues, Communication

infrastructure for telemedicine – LAN and WAN technology. Satellite communication. Mobile hand

held devices and mobile communication. Internet technology and telemedicine using world wide

web (www). Video and audio conferencing. Clinical data – local and centralized.


Data Security and Standards: Encryption, Cryptography, Mechanisms of encryption, phases of Encryption. Protocols: TCP/IP, ISO-OSI, Standards to followed DICOM, HL7, H. 320 series (Video phone based ISBN) T. 120, H.324 (Video phone based PSTN), Video Conferencing, Real-time

Telemedicine integrating doctors / Hospitals, Clinical laboratory data, Radiological data, and

other clinically significant biomedical data, Administration of centralized medical data, security

and confidentially of medical records and access control, Cyber laws related to telemedicine.

UNIT IV MOBILE TELEMEDICINE Tele radiology: Definition, Basic parts of teleradiology system: Image Acquisition system Display

system, Tele pathology, multimedia databases, color images of sufficient resolution, Dynamic range,

spatial resolution, compression methods, Interactive control of color, Medical information storage

and management for telemedicine- patient information medical history, test reports, medical images

diagnosis and treatment. Hospital information system - Doctors, paramedics, facilities available.

Pharmaceutical information system.

UNIT V TELEMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Telemedicine access to health care services – health education and self care. · Introduction to

robotics surgery, telesurgery. Telecardiology, Teleoncology, Telemedicine in neurosciences,

Electronic Documentation, e-health services security and interoperability., Telemedicine access to

health care services – health education and self care, Business aspects - Project planning and

costing, Usage of telemedicine.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Apply multimedia technologies in telemedicine.CO2. Learn the telemedical standardsCO3. Understand the concepts of mobile telemedicineCO4. Explain Protocols behind encryption techniques for secure transmission of data.CO5. Apply telehealth in healthcare.


1. Norris, A.C. “Essentials of Telemedicine and Telecare”, Wiley, 2002


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REFERENCES: 1. Wootton, R., Craig, J., Patterson, V. (Eds.), “Introduction to Telemedicine. Royal Society of

Medicine” Press Ltd, Taylor & Francis 2006 2. O'Carroll, P.W., Yasnoff, W.A., Ward, E., Ripp, L.H., Martin, E.L. (Eds), “Public

Health Informatics and Information Systems”, Springer, 2003. 3. Ferrer-Roca, O., Sosa - Iudicissa, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Telemedicine. IOS Press (Studies in

Health Technology and Informatics, Volume 54, 2002. 4. Simpson, W. Video over IP. A practical guide to technology and applications. Focal

Press Elsevier, 2006. 5. Bemmel, J.H. van, Musen, M.A. (Eds.) Handbook of Medical Informatics.

Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 1997. 6. Mohan Bansal, “Medical Informatics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2004.


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OBJECTIVE: To introduce quantum mechanics concepts, approximations and statistical mechanics for

understanding nano systems

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS Particles, waves, probability amplitudes, schrodinger equation, wavepackets solutions, operators, expectation values, eigenfuntions, piecewise constant potentials.

UNIT II SIMPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATORS AND APPROXIMATIONS SHM Operators, SHM wavepacket solutions, Quantum LC circuit, WKB approximations,

variational methods.

UNIT III SYSTEMS WITH TWO AND MANY DEGREES OF FREEDOM Two level systems with static and dynamic coupling, problems in more than one dimensions, electromagnetic field quantization, density of states.

UNIT IV STATISTICAL MECHANICS Basic concepts, microscopic, quantum systems in equilibrium, statistical models applied to metals and semiconductors

UNIT V APPLICATIONS Hydrogen and Helium atoms, electronic states, Atomic force microscope, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, carbon nanotube properties and applications


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Explain quantum mechanics concepts, approximations and statistical mechanics

for understanding nano systemsCO2. Describe the concept of simple harmonic oscillators and approximationsCO3. Integrate knowledge on the systems with two and many degrees of freedom

CO4. Demonstrate the statistical mechanicsCO5. Apply the concepts in medical technology

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Hagelstein, Peter L., Stephen D. Senturia, and Terry P. Orlando, “Introduction to

Applied Quantum and Statistical Physics”, New York, NY: Wiley, 2004.

2. Rainer Waser, “Nanoelectronics and Information Technology”, Wiley 2005. 3. Michael A. Nielsen and Isaac L. Chuang, “Quantum Computation and Quantum Information”,

Cambridge University Press, 2000.

REFERENCES: 1. Neil Gershenfeld, “The Physics of Information Technology”, Cambridge University Press, 2000. 2. Adrian Ionesu and Kaustav Banerjee eds. “Emerging Nanoelectronics: Life with and

after CMOS” Vol I, II, and III, Kluwer Academic, 2005


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Learn the architecture and programming of ARM processor. Be familiar with the embedded computing platform design and analysis. Be exposed to the basic concepts of real time Operating system. Learn the system design techniques and networks for embedded systems


Complex systems and micro processors– Embedded system design process –Design example: Model train controller- Instruction sets preliminaries - ARM Processor – CPU: programming input and

outputsupervisor mode, exceptions and traps – Co-processors- Memory system mechanisms – CPU

performance- CPU power consumption. UNIT II EMBEDDED COMPUTING PLATFORM DESIGN The CPU Bus-Memory devices and systems–Designing with computing platforms – consumer

electronics architecture – platform-level performance analysis - Components for embedded

programs- Models of programs- Assembly, linking and loading – compilation techniques- Program

level performance analysis – Software performance optimization – Program level energy and power

analysis and optimization – Analysis and optimization of program size- Program validation and


UNIT III PROCESSES AND OPERATING SYSTEMS Introduction – Multiple tasks and multiple processes – Multirate systems- Preemptive real-time operating systems- Priority based scheduling- Interprocess communication mechanisms –

Evaluating operating system performance- power optimization strategies for processes – Example Real time operating systems-POSIX-Windows CE. UNIT V SYSTEM DESIGN TECHNIQUES AND NETWORKS Design methodologies- Design flows - Requirement Analysis – Specifications-System analysis and

architecture design – Quality Assurance techniques- Distributed embedded systems – MPSoCs and shared memory multiprocessors.

UNIT V CASE STUDY Data compressor - Alarm Clock - Audio player - Software modem-Digital still camera - Telephone

answering machine-Engine control unit – Video accelerator. OUTCOMES:

Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Describe the architecture and programming of ARM processor.CO2. Explain the basic concepts of real time Operating system design.CO3. Use the system design techniques to develop software for embedded systemsCO4. Differentiate between the general purpose operating system and the real time

operating systemCO5. Model real-time applications using embedded-system concepts


1. Marilyn Wolf, “Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computing System

Design”, Third Edition “Morgan Kaufmann Publisher (An imprint from Elsevier), 2012. REFERENCES:

1. Jonathan W.Valvano, “Embedded Microcomputer Systems Real Time Interfacing”, Third

Edition Cengage Learning, 2012. 2. David. E. Simon, “An Embedded Software Primer”, 1st Edition, Fifth Impression, Addison-

Wesley Professional, 2007. 3. Raymond J.A. Buhr, Donald L.Bailey, “An Introduction to Real-Time Systems- From Design

to Networking with C/C++”, Prentice Hall,1999.

4. C.M. Krishna, Kang G. Shin, “Real-Time Systems”, International Editions, Mc Graw Hill 1997

5. K.V.K.K.Prasad, “Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design & Programming”, Dream Tech Press, 2005.

6. Sriram V Iyer, Pankaj Gupta, “Embedded Real Time Systems Programming”, Tata McGraw

Hill, 2004.


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The student should be made to:

Understand the division of network functionalities into layers. Be familiar with the components required to build different types of networks Be exposed to the required functionality at each layer Learn the flow control and congestion control algorithms

UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS & LINK LAYER Building a network – Requirements - Layering and protocols - Internet Architecture – Network

software – Performance ; Link layer Services - Framing - Error Detection - Flow control

UNIT II MEDIA ACCESS & INTERNETWORKING Media access control - Ethernet (802.3) - Wireless LANs – 802.11 – Bluetooth - Switching and

bridging – Basic Internetworking (IP, CIDR, ARP, DHCP,ICMP )

UNIT III ROUTING Routing (RIP, OSPF, metrics) – Switch basics – Global Internet (Areas, BGP, IPv6), Multicast

– addresses – multicast routing (DVMRP, PIM)

UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER Overview of Transport layer - UDP - Reliable byte stream (TCP) - Connection management - Flow

control - Retransmission – TCP Congestion control - Congestion avoidance (DECbit, RED) – QoS

– Application requirements

UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER Traditional applications -Electronic Mail (SMTP, POP3, IMAP, MIME) – HTTP – Web Services – DNS - SNMP


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Identify the components required to build different types of networksCO2. Choose the required functionality at each layer for given applicationCO3. Identify solution for each functionality at each layerCO4. Trace the flow of information from one node to another node in the networkCO5. Demonstrate the concepts of application layer


1. Larry L. Peterson, Bruce S. Davie, “Computer Networks: A systems approach”, Fifth Edition,

Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2011.

REFERENCES: 1. James F. Kurose, Keith W. Ross, “Computer Networking - A Top-Down Approach Featuring the

Internet”, Fifth Edition, Pearson Education, 2009. 2. Nader. F. Mir, “Computer and Communication Networks”, Pearson Prentice Hall Publishers,

2010. 3. Ying-Dar Lin, Ren-Hung Hwang, Fred Baker, “Computer Networks: An Open

Source Approach”, McGraw Hill Publisher, 2011. 4. Behrouz A. Forouzan, “Data communication and Networking”, Fourth Edition, Tata McGraw –

Hill, 2011.


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OBJECTIVES: In this course, the MOS circuit realization of the various building blocks that is common to

any microprocessor or digital VLSI circuit is studied. Architectural choices and performance tradeoffs involved in designing and realizing

the circuits in CMOS technology are discussed. The main focus in this course is on the transistor circuit level design and realization for

digital operation and the issues involved as well as the topics covered are quite distinct from those encountered in courses on CMOS Analog IC design.

UNIT I MOS TRANSISTOR PRINCIPLE NMOS and PMOS transistors, Process parameters for MOS and CMOS, Electrical properties of CMOS circuits and device modeling, Scaling principles and fundamental limits, CMOS

inverter scaling, propagation delays, Stick diagram, Layout diagrams

UNIT II COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS Examples of Combinational Logic Design, Elmore‟s constant, Pass transistor Logic, Transmission

gates, static and dynamic CMOS design, Power dissipation – Low power design principles

UNIT III SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITS Static and Dynamic Latches and Registers, Timing issues, pipelines, clock strategies,

Memory architecture and memory control circuits, Low power memory circuits, Synchronous

and Asynchronous design

UNIT IV DESIGNING ARITHEMETIC BUILDING BLOCKS Data path circuits, Architectures for ripple carry adders, carry look ahead adders, High speed adders, accumulators, Multipliers, dividers, Barrel shifters, speed and area tradeoff

UNIT V IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES Full custom and Semi custom design, Standard cell design and cell libraries, FPGA building block architectures, FPGA interconnect routing procedures.


Upon completion of the course, students should

CO1. Explain the basic CMOS circuits and the CMOS process technology.CO2. Discuss the techniques of chip design using programmable devices.CO3. Model the digital system using Hardware Description Language.CO4. Demonstrate the arithmetic building blocksCO5. Describe the implementation strategies

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Jan Rabaey, Anantha Chandrakasan, B.Nikolic, “Digital Integrated Circuits: A

Design Perspective”. Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

2. M.J. Smith, “Application specific integrated Circuits”, Addisson Wesley, 1997


1. N.Weste, K.Eshraghian, “Principles of CMOS VLSI Design”, Second Edition, Addision Wesley


2. R.Jacob Baker, Harry W.LI., David E.Boyee, “CMOS Circuit Design, Layout and Simulation”, Prentice Hall of India, 2005

3. A.Pucknell, Kamran Eshraghian, “BASIC VLSI Design”, Third Edition, Prentice Hall of India,



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The student should be made to:

Understand internet concepts, Learn client and server programming . Understand of the essentials of java for developing internet applications

UNIT I BASIC NETWORK AND WEB CONCEPTS Internet standards-TCP and UDP protocols-URLs-MIME-CGI- Internet applications: FTP, Telnet,

Email, Chat. World Wide Web: Overview of HTTP, HTTP request-response, generation of dynamic web pages, cookies

UNIT II CLIENT SIDE PROGRAMMING HTML-forms-frames-tables-web page

design-JavaScript introduction-control structures-functionsarrays- objects-simple web applications.

UNIT III DYNAMIC HTML Dynamic HTML-introduction-object model and collections-event model- Cascading Style Sheet (CSS): the need for CSS, introduction to CSS, basic syntax and structure, using CSS, manipulating

text, padding, lists, Positioning using CSS.

UNIT IV JAVA PROGRAMMING Object Oriented Programming Concepts, The java programming environment, Fundamental

Programming structures, Objects and Classes, Inheritance, Interfaces, Exceptions, I/O

Packages-Multithreading , Applets, AWT-Event handling, RMI

UNIT V SERVER SIDE PROGRAMMING Servlets-Deployment of simple Servlets- -HTTP GET and POST requests-session tracking-cookies-JDBC-simple web applications-multi-tier applications.


Upon Completion of the course, the students will be able to

CO1. Explain basic concepts of internetCO2. Discuss the need for client and server side programmingCO3. Write java programsCO4. Develop internet applications using Java.CO5. Write a programming for server side


1. Deitel, Deitel and Nieto, “Internet and World Wide Web-How to program”, Pearson Education

Publishers, 2000

2. Steven Holzner et. al, “Java 2 Programming” , Black Book, Dreamtech Press, 2006.


1. Herbert Schildt, Java2: The Complete Reference, , Fifth edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2002. 2. Cay S.Hortsmann, Gary Cornwell, “Core Java 2”, Vol I, 7 edition, Pearson Education, 2005.

3. Steven Holzner, “HTML Black Book” Coriolis Group Books, 2000. 4. Java Script the definitive guide by David Flanagan Thomno A.Powell, “The

Complete Reference HTML and XHTML”, fourth edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. 5. Kathy Sierra, Bert Bates, “Head First Java, 2nd Edition “, Publisher: O'Reilly Media 2005


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The student should be made to:

Be familiar with the nervous system development Be exposed to neuronal diseases and disorders Be familiar with nerve reconstruction and repairing

UNIT I BASICS OF NEURON STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS Nervous system development. Trophic factors, extra cellular matrix components in nervous system

development. Neuron: structure – function – classification. Glial cells – myelination – Neurotransmitter – types and functions. Synapses - Transport of materials and impulse in neurons; Blood Brain barrier.

UNIT II BRAIN, BRAIN STEM AND SPINAL CORD Brain: structures – lobes – functional areas. Brain stem: structures – functional areas. Spinal cord:

structure – functions. Concepts of nuclei – Tracts - Reticular formation. Blood supply of Brain and

spinal cord.

UNIT IV NEUROPHYSIOLOGY & NEURORADIOLOGY Physiology of nerve conduction. Peripheral nerves – structure & Functions. Synaptic transmission and

cellular signaling of Neurons. Electrical activity of the Brain and recording of brain waves. Evoked potentials. Visualization of nervous system.

UNIT III NEURONAL DISEASES AND DISORDERS Neuro degeneration: Degenerative, Demyelinated and injury related disorders associated with

nervous system. Wallerian Degeneration. Neuronal plasticity –CNS acting drugs and their


UNIT V NERVE RECONSTRUCTION AND REPAIRING Regeneration of the nervous system. Nerve graft; Neural tissue engineering; Drug delivery system

in CNS. Cognitive & neurobehavioral rehabilitation.

OUTCOMES: Upon Completion of the course,

CO1. Explain the structure of human nervous system

CO2. Integrate knowledge about brain, brain stem and spinal cordCO3. Discuss the concepts of neurophysiology and neuroradiologyCO4. Apply neural tissue engineering for rehabilitationCO5. Regenerate nervous system


1. Mathews G.G. “Neurobiology”, 2nd edition, Blackwell Science, UK, 2000.

2. Malcom Carpenter, “Neuroanatomy”, Mc Graw Hill 4th Edition.1991.

REFERENCES: 1. W. Mark Saltzman Tissue Engineering – Engineering principles for design of

replacement organs and tissue –- Oxford University Press Inc New York 2004.

2. Park J.B., “Biomaterials Science and Engineering”, Plenum Press, 1984.


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The student should be made to: • Learn various MEMS fabrication techniques. • Understand different types of sensors and actuators and their principles of operation at

the micro scale level.

• Know the application of MEMS in different field of medicine.

UNIT I MEMS MATERIALS AND FABRICATION Typical MEMs and Microsystems, materials for MEMS - active substrate materials-Silicon and its

compounds, Silicon piezoresistors, Gallium Arsenide, quartz, polymers. Micromachiningphotolithography, thin film deposition, doping, etching, bulk machining, wafer

bonding, LIGA

UNIT II MECHANICAL AND THERMAL SENSORS AND ACTUATORS Mechanics for MEMs design- static bending of thin plates, mechanical vibration,

thermomechanics, fracture and thin film mechanics. Mechanical sensors and actuators – beam

and cantilever – microplates, strain, pressure and flow measurements, Thermal sensors and

actuators- actuator based on thermal expansion, thermal couples, thermal resistor, Shape

memory alloys- Inertia sensor, flow sensor

UNIT III ELECTROSTATIC AND PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS AND ACTUATORS Parallel plate capacitor, pull in effect, Electrostatic sensors and actuators- Inertia sensor, Pressure

sensor, flow sensor, tactile sensor, comb drive. Properties of piezoelectric materials, Piezoelectric sensor and actuator – inchworm motor, inertia sensor, flow sensor.

UNIT IV MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS Fluid dynamics, continuity equation, momentum equation, equation of motion, laminar flow in

circular conduits, fluid flow in microconduits, in submicrometer and nanoscale. Microscale fluid,

expression for liquid flow in a channel, fluid actuation methods, dielectrophoresis, microfluid

dispenser, microneedle, micropumps-continuous flow system, micromixers

UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF BIOMEMS CAD for MEMs, Drug delivery, micro total analysis systems (MicroTAS) detection and

measurement methods, microsystem approaches to polymerase chain reaction (PCR),DNA sensor,

MEMS based drug delivery


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Discuss various MEMS fabrication techniques.

CO2. Explain different types of sensors and actuators and their principles of operation at the

micro Scale level.

CO3. Apply MEMS in different field of medicine.

CO4. Analyze the microfluidic systems

CO5. Apply the concepts of Biomems


1. Tai Ran Hsu, “MEMS and Microsystems Design and Manufacture”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2002. (Unit I, II, III & IV).

2. Wanjun Wang, Stephen A.Soper, ”BioMEMs: Technologies and Applications”, CRC Press, New

York, 2007.(Unit V)


1. Marc J. Madou “Fundamentals of Microfabrication: the Science of Miniaturization”, CRC Press,

2002 2. Nadim Maluf, Kirt Williams. “An introduction to Microelectro Mechancial Systems Engineering”,

Second Edition, Artech House Inc, MA, 2004.

3. Chang Liu,‟ Foundations of MEMS‟, Pearson Education International, New Jersey, USA,2006

4. Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, “MEMS”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2007


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Study various mechanical techniques that will help failing heart. Learn the functioning of the unit which does the clearance of urea from the blood Understand the tests to assess the hearing loss and development of electronic devices

to compensate for the loss. Know the various orthodic devices and prosthetic devices to overcome

orthopaedic problems.

Understand electrical stimulation techniques used in clinical applications.

UNIT I CARDIAC ASSIST DEVICES Principle of External counter pulsation techniques, intra aortic balloon pump, Auxillary ventricle

and schematic for temporary bypass of left ventricle, prosthetic heart valves.

UNIT II HEMODIALYSERS Artificial kidney, Dialysis action, hemodialyser unit, membrane dialysis, portable dialyser monitoring

and functional parameters.

UNIT III HEARING AIDS Common tests – audiograms, airconduction, bone conduction, masking techniques, SISI,

Hearing aids – principles, drawbacks in the conventional unit, DSP based hearing aids.

UNIT IV PROSTHETIC AND ORTHODIC DEVICES Hand and arm replacement – different types of models, externally powered limb prosthesis, feedback

in orthodic system, functional electrical stimulation, sensory assist devices.


Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator, bio-feedback.

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain the functioning and usage of electromechanical units which will restore

normal functional ability of particular organ that is defective temporarily or permanently.

CO2. Intergrate knowledge on hemodialysis

CO3. Describe the function of hearing aids

CO4. Design prosthetic and orthodic devices

CO5. Analyse the recent trends

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Levine S.N. (ed), “Advances in Bio-medical Engineering and Medical physics”, Vol. I, II,

IV, inter university publications, New York, 1968 (Unit I, IV, V). 2. Kolff W.J, “Artificial Organs”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1976. (Unit II).

3. Albert M.Cook and Webster J.G, “Therapeutic Medical Devices”, Prentice Hall Inc., New

1. D.S. Sunder, “Rehabilitation Medicine”, 3rd Edition, Jaypee Medical Publication, 2010.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Understand the design issues in ad hoc and sensor networks. Learn the different types of MAC protocols. Be familiar with different types of adhoc routing protocols. Be expose to the TCP issues in adhoc networks. Learn the architecture and protocols of wireless sensor networks.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Technology – The Electromagnetic Spectrum – Radio

propagation Mechanisms – Characteristics of the Wireless Channel -mobile ad hoc networks

(MANETs) and wireless sensor networks (WSNs) :concepts and architectures. Applications of Ad Hoc

and Sensor networks. Design Challenges in Ad hoc and Sensor Networks.

UNIT II MAC PROTOCOLS FOR AD HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS Issues in designing a MAC Protocol- Classification of MAC Protocols- Contention based protocols-

Contention based protocols with Reservation Mechanisms- Contention based protocols with Scheduling Mechanisms – Multi channel MAC-IEEE 802.11


NETWORKS Issues in designing a routing and Transport Layer protocol for Ad hoc networks- proactive routing, reactive routing (on-demand), hybrid routing- Classification of Transport Layer solutions-TCP over

Ad hoc wireless Networks.

UNIT IV WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS (WSNS) AND MAC PROTOCOLS Single node architecture: hardware and software components of a sensor node - WSN Network

architecture: typical network architectures-data relaying and aggregation strategies -MAC layer

protocols: self-organizing, Hybrid TDMA/FDMA and CSMA based MAC- IEEE 802.15.4.

UNIT V WSN ROUTING, LOCALIZATION & QOS Issues in WSN routing – OLSR- Localization – Indoor and Sensor Network Localization-absolute and

relative localization, triangulation-QOS in WSN-Energy Efficient Design-Synchronization-Transport Layer issues.


Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to: CO1. Explain the concepts, network architectures and applications of ad hoc and CO2. Describe wireless sensor networksCO3. Analyze the protocol design issues of ad hoc and sensor networksCO4. Design routing protocols for ad hoc and wireless sensor networks with respect

to some protocol design issuesCO5. Evaluate the QoS related performance measurements of ad hoc and sensor networks

TEXT BOOK: 1. C. Siva Ram Murthy, and B. S. Manoj, "Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: Architectures and

Protocols ", Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 2008. REFERENCES:

1. Carlos De Morais Cordeiro, Dharma Prakash Agrawal “Ad Hoc & Sensor Networks: Theory and Applications”, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2006.

2. Feng Zhao and Leonides Guibas, "Wireless Sensor Networks", Elsevier Publication - 2002.

3. Holger Karl and Andreas Willig “Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks”,

Wiley, 2005 4. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli, & Taieb Znati, “Wireless Sensor Networks-

Technology, Protocols, and Applications”, John Wiley, 2007.

5. Anna Hac, “Wireless Sensor Network Designs”, John Wiley, 2003.


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The student should be made to:

Be familiar with objective property of tissues Be exposed to Optical Holography

UNIT I OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE TISSUES Refraction, scattering, absorption, light transport inside the tissue, tissue properties, Light interaction

with tissues, optothermal interaction, fluorescence, speckles.

UNIT II INSTRUMENTATION IN PHOTONICS Instrumentation for absorption, scattering and emission measurements, excitation light sources –

high pressure arc lamp, solid state LEDs, optical filters, polarisers, time resolved and phase

resolved detectors.


Laser in tissue welding, lasers in dermatology, lasers in ophthalmology, otolaryngology, urology.

UNIT IV OPTICAL HOLOGRAPHY Wave fronts, interference patterns, principle of hologram, optical hologram, applications.

UNIT V SPECIAL TECHNIQUES Near field imaging of biological structures, in-vitro clinical diagnostic, fluorescent

spectroscopy, photodynamic therapy.



Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Apply lasers in different areas of medicine.CO2. Explain the special techniques of Lasers.CO3. Use the Photonics instrumentation.CO4. Describe the concept of optical holographyCO5. Integrate knowledge on special techniques


1. Leon Goldman, M.D., & R.James Rockwell, Jr., “Lasers in Medicine”, Gordon and Breach, Science Publishers Inc., 1975.

2. Abraham Katzir, “Lasers and Optical Fibers in Medicine”, Academic Press Edition,1998.

REFERENCES: 1. Tuan Vo Dirh, “Biomedical Photonics – Handbook”, CRC Press, Bocaraton,2003 (Unit I – III,


2. Glasser, O., “Medical Physics -- Vol 1, 2, 3 “Adam Hilgar Brustol Inc, 1987.

3. G.David Baxter “Therapeutic Lasers – Theory and practice”, Churchill Livingstone Publications Edition- 2001.


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The student should be made to: Learn advanced 8086 family of processors, motherboards, PC based data acquisition

and troubleshooting of PCs.


80186, 80286, 80386, 80486 -Architecture, Memory management.

UNIT II PENTIUM PROCESSORS Pentium Architecture- Memory Management- Pentium Pro microprocessors – Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4 – Special features and software changes.

UNIT III PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW Functional units & Interconnection, New generation motherboards 286 to Pentium 4 Bus interface – ISA

– EISA- VESA- PCI- PCIX, Memory and I/O port addresses, Peripheral interfaces and controller.

UNIT IV PC BASED DATA ACQUISTION Plug in data acquisition and control boards and programming- ADC, DAC, Digital I/O board and

Timing Board, Serial port and parallel port programming. Data acquisition and programming using

serial interfaces- PC and microcontroller serial ports, USB and IEEE 1394.

UNIT V TROUBLESHOOTING, MAINTAINING & REPAIRING Memory troubleshooting, Monitor troubleshooting, Motherboard troubleshooting,Port troubleshooting,

Sound Boards and Video adapters troubleshooting, USB troubleshooting.


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to: CO1. Explain 8086 family of processors, motherboards, PC based data acquisition

and troubleshooting of PCsCO2. Describe Pentium processorsCO3. Demonstrate PC hardwareCO4. Analyze PC based data acquisitionCO5. Work practically on trouble shooting


1. B. Govindarajalu, “IBM PC and clones Hardware, Trouble Shooting and Maintenance”, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005.

2. Stephen J. Bigelow, “Troubleshooting, Maintaining & Repairing”, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill 2001.


1. N.Mathivanan, “PC–Based Instrumentation Concepts and Practice”, Prentice Hall of India, New

Delhi, 2007


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OBJECTIVES The student should be made to:

Learn the various soft computing frame works Be familiar with design of various neural networks Be exposed to fuzzy logic Learn genetic programming Be exposed to hybrid systems

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Artificial neural network: Introduction, characteristics- learning methods – taxonomy – Evolution of neural networks- basic models - important technologies - applications. Fuzzy logic: Introduction - crisp sets- fuzzy sets - crisp relations and fuzzy relations: cartesian

product of relation - classical relation, fuzzy relations, tolerance and equivalence relations, non-

iterative fuzzy sets. Genetic algorithm- Introduction - biological background - traditional

optimization and search techniques - Genetic basic concepts.

UNIT II NEURAL NETWORKS McCulloch-Pitts neuron - linear separability - hebb network - supervised learning network:

perceptron networks - adaptive linear neuron, multiple adaptive linear neuron, BPN, RBF, TDNN-

associative memory network: auto-associative memory network, hetero-associative memory

network, BAM, hopfield networks, iterative autoassociative memory network & iterative associative memory network – unsupervised learning networks: Kohonen self organizing feature maps, LVQ –

CP networks, ART network.


Membership functions: features, fuzzification, methods of membership value assignments- Defuzzification: lambda cuts - methods - fuzzy arithmetic and fuzzy measures: fuzzy arithmetic -

extension principle - fuzzy measures - measures of fuzziness -fuzzy integrals - fuzzy rule base and

approximate reasoning : truth values and tables, fuzzy propositions, formation of rules-decomposition of rules, aggregation of fuzzy rules, fuzzy reasoning-fuzzy inference systems-overview

of fuzzy expert system-fuzzy decision making.

UNIT IV GENETIC ALGORITHM Genetic algorithm and search space - general genetic algorithm – operators - Generational cycle

- stopping condition – constraints - classification - genetic programming – multilevel optimization – real life problem- advances in GA

UNIT V HYBRID SOFT COMPUTING TECHNIQUES & APPLICATIONS Neuro-fuzzy hybrid systems - genetic neuro hybrid systems - genetic fuzzy hybrid and fuzzy genetic

hybrid systems - simplified fuzzy ARTMAP - Applications: A fusion approach of multispectral images

with SAR, optimization of traveling salesman problem using genetic algorithm approach, soft

computing based hybrid fuzzy controllers.

OUTCOMES: Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to:

CO1. Apply various soft computing frame worksCO2. Design of various neural networksCO3. Use fuzzy logicCO4. Apply genetic programmingCO5. Discuss hybrid soft computing


1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T. Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI / Pearson

Education 2004.

2. S.N.Sivanandam and S.N.Deepa, "Principles of Soft Computing", Wiley India Pvt Ltd, 2011.


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REFERENCES: 1. S.Rajasekaran and G.A.Vijayalakshmi Pai, "Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and

Genetic Algorithm: Synthesis & Applications", Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 2006. 2. George J. Klir, Ute St. Clair, Bo Yuan, “Fuzzy Set Theory: Foundations and Applications”

Prentice Hall, 1997. 3. David E. Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithm in Search Optimization and Machine Learning” Pearson

Education India, 2013. 4. James A. Freeman, David M. Skapura, “ Neural networks Algorithms, Applications, and

Programming Techniques, Pearson Education India, 1991.

5. Simon Haykin, “Neural Networks Comprehensive Foundation” Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2005.


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OBJECTIVE: To enable the students to create an awareness on Engineering Ethics and Human Values, to

instill Moral and Social Values and Loyalty and to appreciate the rights of others.

UNIT I HUMAN VALUES Morals, values and Ethics – Integrity – Work ethic – Service learning – Civic virtue – Respect for others – Living peacefully – Caring – Sharing – Honesty – Courage – Valuing time – Cooperation –

Commitment – Empathy – Self confidence – Character – Spirituality – Introduction to Yoga and

meditation for professional excellence and stress management.

UNIT II ENGINEERING ETHICS Senses of „Engineering Ethics‟ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moral dilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg‟s theory – Gilligan‟s theory – Consensus and Controversy – Models of

professional roles - Theories about right action – Self-interest – Customs and Religion – Uses of

Ethical Theories

UNIT III ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – Codes of Ethics –

A Balanced Outlook on Law.

UNIT IV SAFETY, RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis and Reducing Risk -

Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality – Conflicts of Interest – Occupational

Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights – Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) – Discrimination

UNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES Multinational Corporations – Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics – Weapons Development –

Engineers as Managers – Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Moral Leadership –Code of Conduct – Corporate Social Responsibility

OUTCOMES : Upon completion of the course, the student should be able

CO1. to apply ethics in society, discuss the ethical issues related to engineering

CO2. To realize the responsibilities and rights in the society


1. Mike W. Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.

2. Govindarajan M, Natarajan S, Senthil Kumar V. S, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2004.


1. Charles B. Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2004. 2. Charles E. Harris, Michael S. Pritchard and Michael J. Rabins, “Engineering Ethics –

Concepts and Cases”, Cengage Learning, 2009

3. John R Boatright, “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2003

4. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, “Fundametals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers”,

Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001 5. Laura P. Hartman and Joe Desjardins, “Business Ethics: Decision Making for Personal

Integrity and Social Responsibility” Mc Graw Hill education, India Pvt. Ltd.,New Delhi 2013.

6. World Community Service Centre, „ Value Education‟, Vethathiri publications, Erode, 2011

Web sources:


2. 3.

4. 92

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The student should be made to:

Learn about body area networks‟ and different hardwares related to it Provide knowledge in the applications of Body Area Networks.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Definition, BAN and Healthcare, Technical Challenges- Sensor design, biocompatibility, Energy Supply,

optimal node placement, number of nodes, System security and reliability, BSN Architecture

– Introduction

UNIT II HARDWARE FOR BAN Processor-Low Power MCUs, Mobile Computing MCUs ,Integrated processor with radio transceiver, Memory ,Antenna-PCB antenna, Wire antenna, Ceramic antenna, External antenna, Sensor

Interface, Power sources- Batteries and fuel cells for sensor nodes.

UNIT III WIRELESS COMMUNICATION AND NETWORK RF communication in Body, Antenna design and testing, Propagation, Base Station-Network

topology-Stand –Alone BAN, Wireless personal Area Network Technologies-IEEE

802.15.1,IEEE P802.15.13, IEEE 802.15.14, Zigbee

UNIT IV COEXISTENCE ISSUES WITH BAN Interferences – Intrinsic - Extrinsic, Effect on transmission, Counter measures- on physical layer

and data link layer, Regulatory issues-Medical Device regulation in USA and Asia, Security and Self

protection-Bacterial attacks, Virus infection ,Secured protocols, Self protection.

UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF BAN Monitoring patients with chronic disease, Hospital patients, Elderly patients, Cardiac arrhymias

monitoring, Multi patient monitoring systems, Multichannel Neural recording, Gait analysis, Sports Medicine, Electronic pill


Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Explain about working of Body Area Network

CO2. Discuss the applications of BAN.

TEXT BOOK: 1. Annalisa Bonfiglio, Danilo De Rossi ,"Wearable Monitoring Systems", Springer, 2011.(Unit

I, II, III & V). 2. Sandeep K.S. Gupta,Tridib Mukherjee,Krishna Kumar Venkatasubramanian, “Body Area

Networks Safety, Security, and Sustainability,” Cambridge University Press, 2013. (Unit IV).


1. Zhang, Yuan-Ting, “Wearable Medical Sensors and Systems”,Springer, 2013. 2. Guang-Zhong Yang(Ed.), “Body Sensor Networks, “Springer, 2006. 3. Mehmet R. Yuce,Jamil Y.Khan, “Wireless Body Area Networks Technology, Implementation

, and applications”,Pan Stanford Publishing Pte.Ltd,Singapore, 2012.


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OBJECTIVES: To understand the underlying principles of operations in different Refrigeration &

Air conditioning systems and components. To provide knowledge on design aspects of Refrigeration & Air conditioning systems

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Introduction to Refrigeration - Unit of Refrigeration and C.O.P.– Ideal cycles- Refrigerants

Desirable properties – Classification - Nomenclature - ODP & GWP.

UNIT II VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM Vapor compression cycle : p-h and T-s diagrams - deviations from theoretical cycle – subcooling

and super heating- effects of condenser and evaporator pressure on COP- multipressure system -

low temperature refrigeration - Cascade systems – problems. Equipments: Type of Compressors,

Condensers, Expansion devices, Evaporators.

UNIT III OTHER REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS Working principles of Vapour absorption systems and adsorption cooling systems – Steam jet

refrigeration- Ejector refrigeration systems- Thermoelectric refrigeration- Air refrigeration - Magnetic

- Vortex and Pulse tube refrigeration systems.

UNIT IV PSYCHROMETRIC PROPERTIES AND PROCESSES Properties of moist Air-Gibbs Dalton law, Specific humidity, Dew point temperature, Degree of

saturation, Relative humidity, Enthalpy, Humid specific heat, Wet bulb temperature

Thermodynamic wet bulb temperature, Psychrometric chart; Psychrometric of air-conditioning processes, mixing of air streams.

UNIT V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS AND LOAD ESTIMATION Air conditioning loads: Outside and inside design conditions; Heat transfer through structure, Solar

radiation, Electrical appliances, Infiltration and ventilation, internal heat load; Apparatus selection; fresh

air load, human comfort & IAQ principles, effective temperature & chart, calculation of summer & winter air conditioning load; Classifications, Layout of plants; Air distribution system; Filters; Air

Conditioning Systems with Controls: Temperature, Pressure and Humidity sensors, Actuators &

Safety controls.

OUTCOME: Upon completion of this course, the students can able to

CO1. demonstrate the operations in different Refrigeration & Air conditioning systems

CO2. design Refrigeration & Air conditioning systems .

TEXT BOOK: 1. Arora, C.P., Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, McGraw Hill, 3rd edition, New Delhi, 2010.

REFERENCES: 1. Roy J. Dossat, Principles of Refrigeration, 4th edition, Pearson Education Asia, 2009. 2. Stoecker, W.F. and Jones J. W., Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, McGraw Hill, New

Delhi, 1986.

3. ASHRAE Hand book, Fundamentals 2010 4. Jones W.P., Air conditioning engineering, 5th edition, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001


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To introduce speech production and related parameters of speech. To show the computation and use of techniques such as short time Fourier transform, linear

predictive coefficients and other coefficients in the analysis of speech. To understand different speech modeling procedures such as Markov and

their implementation issues.

UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS Speech Fundamentals: Articulatory Phonetics – Production and Classification of Speech Sounds;

Acoustic Phonetics – Acoustics of speech production; Review of Digital Signal Processing concepts; Short-Time Fourier Transform, Filter-Bank and LPC Methods.

UNIT II SPEECH ANALYSIS Features, Feature Extraction and Pattern Comparison Techniques: Speech distortion measures–

mathematical and perceptual – Log–Spectral Distance, Cepstral Distances, Weighted Cepstral

Distances and Filtering, Likelihood Distortions, Spectral Distortion using a Warped Frequency Scale, LPC, PLP and MFCC Coefficients, Time Alignment and Normalization – Dynamic Time

Warping, Multiple Time – Alignment Paths.

UNIT III SPEECH MODELING Hidden Markov Models: Markov Processes, HMMs – Evaluation, Optimal State Sequence –

Viterbi Search, Baum-Welch Parameter Re-estimation, Implementation issues.

UNIT IV SPEECH RECOGNITION Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition: Architecture of a large vocabulary continuous

speech recognition system – acoustics and language models – n-grams, context dependent sub-word units; Applications and present status.

UNIT V SPEECH SYNTHESIS Text-to-Speech Synthesis: Concatenative and waveform synthesis methods, sub-word units for TTS,

intelligibility and naturalness – role of prosody, Applications and present status.


Upon completion of the course, students will be able to

CO1. Model speech production system and describe the fundamentals of speech.CO2. Extract and compare different speech parameters.CO3. Choose an appropriate statistical speech model for a given application.CO4. Design a speech recognition system.CO5. Use different speech synthesis techniques.


1. Lawrence Rabiner and Biing-Hwang Juang, “Fundamentals of Speech Recognition”, Pearson Education, 2003.

2. Daniel Jurafsky and James H Martin, “Speech and Language Processing – An Introduction to

Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition”, Pearson Education, 2002.

3. Frederick Jelinek, “Statistical Methods of Speech Recognition”, MIT Press, 1997.

REFERENCES: 1. Steven W. Smith, “The Scientist and Engineer‟s Guide to Digital Signal Processing”, California

Technical Publishing, 1997.

2. Thomas F Quatieri, “Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing – Principles and Practice”, Pearson Education, 2004.

3. Claudio Becchetti and Lucio Prina Ricotti, “Speech Recognition”, John Wiley and Sons, 1999. 4. Ben Gold and Nelson Morgan, “Speech and audio signal processing, Processing and

Perception of Speech and Music”, Wiley- India Edition, 2006.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Learn how to value intangible assets, taking into account their commercial potential and legal status.

Explore the legal & business issues surrounding marketing of new products related to technology.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance – Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i) Movable Property (ii) Immovable Property and (iii) Intellectual Property.

UNIT II PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS AND TRADEMARKS IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits – Protection of Geographical

Indications at national and International levels – Application Procedures.

UNIT III INTERNATIONAL STANDARDISATION International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO – Mission

and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT).

UNIT IV INDIAN STRATEGIES Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to WTO-

Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy – Present

against unfair competition.

UNIT V CASE STUDIES Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and related rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications – Protection against unfair competition.


Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO1. Review an intellectual property portfolio and comprehend the extent of their protection.

CO2. Develop a business plan that advances the value of their intellectual property portfolioCO3. Develop a strategy of marketing their intellectual property and understand some

negotiation basics.CO4. Explain some of the limits of their intellectual property rights and comprehend

some basic legal pitfalls.CO5. Demonstrate case studies


1. Subbaram N.R. “Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan, Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.,1998.

REFERENCES: 1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number: 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794.

2. Derwent IP Matters, “Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches”, July 2000.


WEBSITE: gibbs.html.


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OBJECTIVE: Generating a good understanding of RP history, its development and applications.. To expose the

students to different types of Rapid prototyping processes, materials used in RP systems and

reverse engineering.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION History – Development of RP systems – Applications in Product Development, Reverse Engineering, Rapid Tooling, Rapid Manufacturing- Principle – Fundamental – File format – Other translators –

medical applications of RP - On demand manufacturing – Direct material deposition - Shape Deposition Manufacturing.


– Liquid based system - Stereolithography Apparatus (SLA), details of SL process, products,

Advantages, Limitations, Applications and Uses. Solid based system - Fused Deposition

Modeling, principle, process, products, advantages, applications and uses - Laminated Object Manufacturing

UNIT III POWDER BASED RAPID PROTOTYPING SYSTEMS Selective Laser Sintering – principles of SLS process, principle of sinter bonding process, Laser

sintering materials, products, advantages, limitations, applications and uses. Three Dimensional

Printing – process, major applications, research and development. Direct shell production casting – key strengths, process, applications and uses, case studies, research and development. Laser

Sintering System, e-manufacturing using Laser sintering, customized plastic parts, customized

metal parts, e-manufacturing - Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS).

UNIT IV MATERIALS FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING SYSTEMS Nature of material – type of material – polymers, metals, ceramics and composites- liquid based

materials, photo polymer development – solid based materials, powder based materials - case study.

UNIT V REVERSE ENGINEERING and NEW TECHNOLOGIES Introduction, measuring device- contact type and non-contact type, CAD model creation from point

clouds-preprocessing, point clouds to surface model creation, medical data processing - types of medical imaging, software for making medical models, medical materials, other applications - Case


OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of this course, the students will be able to,

CO1. To provide knowledge on different types of Rapid Prototyping systems and its

applications in various fields


1. Rafiq I. Noorani, Rapid Prototyping – Principles and Applications, Wiley & Sons, 2006. 2. Chua C.K, Leong K.F and Lim C.S, Rapid Prototyping: Principles and Applications, second

edition, World Scientific, 2003.

REFERENCES: 1. N.HOPKINSON, R.J.M, HAUGE, P M, DICKENS, “Rapid Manufacturing – An Industrial

revolution for the digital age”, Wiley, 2006 2. IAN GIBSON, “Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical applications: Reverse

Engineering, Software conversion and Rapid Prototyping”, Wiley, 2006 3. Paul F.Jacobs, Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing, “Fundamentals of

Stereo lithography”, McGraw Hill 1993.

4. D.T.Pham and S.S. Dimov, “Rapid Manufacturing”, Springer Verlog 2001.


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OBJECTIVES: The student should be made to:

Study about sensors and its application in wearable systems Learn about applications of wearable systems

UNIT I SENSORS Need for wearable systems, Sensors for wearable systems-Inertia movement sensors, Respiration

activity sensor, Inductive plethysmography, Impedance plethysmography, pneumography,

Wearable ground reaction force sensor, GSR, Radiant thermal sensor, Wearable motion sensors,

CMOS – Based Biosensors, E-Textiles, Bio compatibility

UNIT II SIGNAL PROCESSING Wearability issues -physical shape and placement of sensor, Technical challenges - sensor design,

signal acquisition, Constraint on sampling frequency for reduced energy consumption, light weight signal processing, Rejection of irrelevant information, Data mining

UNIT III ENERGY HARVESTING FOR WEARABLE DEVICES Solar cell, Vibration based, Thermal based, Human body as a heat source for power

generation, Hybrid thermoelectric photovoltaic energy harvests, Thermopiles.

UNIT IV WIRELESS HEALTH SYSTEMS Need for wireless monitoring, Definition of Body area network, BAN and Healthcare, Technical

Challenges- System security and reliability, BAN Architecture – Introduction, Wireless communication


UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF WEARABLE SYSTEMS Medical Diagnostics, Medical Monitoring-Patients with chronic disease, Hospital patients, Elderly patients,

Multi parameter monitoring, Neural recording, Gait analysis, Sports Medicine, Smart Fabrics

OUTCOMES: Upon the completion of the course, students will be able to:

CO2. Describe the sensors used in wearable systems CO3. Explain need of wireless health systems and the application of wearable systemsCO4. Demonstrate the energy harvesting and wearable systemsCO5. Design wireless health systems


1. Annalisa Bonfiglio,Danilo De Rossi ,"Wearable Monitoring Systems", Springer, 2011. 2. Sandeep K.S. Gupta,Tridib Mukherjee,Krishna Kumar Venkatasubramanian, "Body

Area Networks Safety,Security, and Sustainability," Cambridge University Press, 2013.


1. Hang,Yuan-Ting,"wearable medical sensors and systems",Springer-2013 2. Mehmet R. Yuce,Jamil Y.Khan, "Wireless Body Area Networks Technology, Implementation

and Applications",Pan Stanford Publishing Pvt.Ltd, Singapore, 2012

3. Guang-Zhong Yang(Ed.), "Body Sensor Networks, "Springer, 2006 4. Andreas Lymberis, Danilo de Rossi ,'Wearable eHealth systems for Personalised Health

Management - State of the art and future challenges ' IOS press, The Netherlands, 2004



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